Now showing items 1-20 of 82

    • 25-years Svalbard data record reveals change in long-range transport of sulphur agents to the warming Arctic 

      Dekhtyareva, Alena (Conference object, 2019)
      Current study investigates the 25-years seasonal trend in the concentration of SO2and non-sea salt SO42-and compares observed changes with the evolution in emission of sulphur agents in primary source regions of anthropogenic aerosols and alteration in characteristics of air masses transporting pollutants to Svalbard.
    • Affordances for capturing and re-enacting expert performance with wearables 

      Guest, Will; Wild, Fridolin; Vovk, Alla; Fominykh, Mikhail; Limbu, Bibeg; Klemke, Roland; Sharma, Puneet; Karjalainen, Jaakko; Smith, Carl; Rasool, Jazz; Aswat, Soyeb; Helin, Kaj; Di Mitri, Daniele; Schneider, Jan (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-09-05)
      The WEKIT.one prototype is a platform for immersive procedural training with wearable sensors and Augmented Reality. Focusing on capture and re-enactment of human expertise, this work looks at the unique affordances of suitable hard- and software technologies. The practical challenges of interpreting expertise, using suitable sensors for its capture and specifying the means to describe and display ...
    • Atmospheric Contamination of Coastal Cities by the Exhaust Emissions of Docked Marine Vessels: the case of Tromsø 

      Zubiaga, Asier; Madsen, Synne; Khawaja, Hassan; Boiger, Gernot (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2021-08-04)
      Docked ships are a source of contamination for the city while they keep their engine working. Plumes emissions from large boats can carry a number of pollutants to the nearby cities causing a detrimental effect on the life quality and health of local citizens and ecosystems. A computational fluid dynamics model of the harbour area of Tromsø has been built in order to model the deposition of CO2 gas ...
    • Atmospheric Contamination of Coastal Cities by the Exhaust Emissions of Docked Marine Vessels: The Case of Tromsø 

      Zubiaga, Asier; Madsen, Synne; Khawaja, Hassan; Boiger, Gernot (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-09-03)
      Docked ships are a source of contamination for the city while they keep their engine working. Plume emissions from large boats can carry a number of pollutants to nearby cities causing a detrimental effect on the life quality and health of local citizens and ecosystems. A computational fluid dynamics model of the harbour area of Tromsø has been built in order to model the deposition of CO2 gas emitted ...
    • Best Venue to Disseminate Multiphysics Research 

      Khawaja, Hassan (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2019-12)
      Multiphysics analysis has been developed over the recent past to better represent the behaviour of complex processes by the use of simultaneous modelling of a number of systems. This development is driven by the industrial need to further the understanding of real physical phenomena in order to develop and design safer and more efficient products which are environmentally friendly. Such analyses ...
    • CFD modelling of pollutant transport 

      Madsen, Synne; Khawaja, Hassan (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2018)
      With the increase of the human activities in the Arctic, including land and sea, is resulting in higher release of pollutants to the environment. These pollutants can be categorised as gases released in the air such as carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide, NOx, etc., and waste released in seas such as chemical toxins, microplastic, etc. This work presents a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) study ...
    • CFD modelling of pollutant transport from a docked marine vessel: Multiphysics 2019 [poster] 

      Madsen, Synne; Asier, Zubiaga; Khawaja, Hassan; Boiger, Gernot (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2019)
      With the increase of the human activities in the Arctic, including land and sea, is resulting in higher release of pollutants to the environment. These pollutants can be categorised as gases released in the air such as carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide, NOx, etc., and waste released in seas such as chemical toxins, microplastic, etc. This work presents a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) study ...
    • Cold Technology Applications of Infrared Thermography (IRT) 

      Khawaja, Hassan (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2019)
    • A comparative study of CO2 heat pump performance for combined space and hot water heating 

      Brodal, Eivind; Jackson, Steven (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019-08-20)
      Heat pumps used for combined space and hot water heating are often used in modern energy-efficient buildings. Performance depends on both system design (exchanger sizes, compressor efficiency, etc.) and operating conditions (inlet water temperature, ratio between space and water heating, etc.). Designs using both CO2 and HFCs, such as R410A, are available, but the relative performance of these is ...
    • Comparison of Explicit Method of Solution for CFD Euler Problems using MATLAB® and FORTRAN 77 

      Nordli, Anders Samuelsen; Khawaja, Hassan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      This work presents a comparison of an explicit method of solution for an inviscid compressible fluid mechanics problem using Euler equations for two-dimensional internal flows. The same algorithm was implemented in both FORTRAN 77 and MATLAB®. The algorithm includes Runge‒Kutta time marching scheme with smoothing. Both solvers were initialized in the same manner. In addition, it was ensured that ...
    • A comparison of the energy consumption for CO2 compression process alternatives 

      Jackson, Steven; Brodal, Eivind (Journal article; Peer reviewed; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2018)
      The efficient transportation of large volumes of CO2 generally requires pipelines that will operate above the critical pressure of CO2. Since most capture processes release CO2 at low pressure, compression of CO2 from the point of capture to pipeline will generally be required. The compression duty can be achieved using conventional multi-stage compressors or using newer shockwave type compressors. ...
    • Conjugate Heat Transfer Model Based on SIMPLE and Coupled Energy and Heat Equations 

      Leyli, Amir Nadem; Andleeb, Zahra; Khawaja, Hassan; Messahel, Ramzi; Kanna, Rajesh; Moatamedi, Mojtaba (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-01-28)
      In this study, a numerical weak coupling strategy for the modeling of a conjugate heat transfer phenomenon is considered. Where the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations are solved using the Semi-Implicit Method for Pressure Linked Equations (SIMPLE) as a first step, and then the heat conduction equation for solid is solved in a second step considering the convective velocity field resulting from ...
    • Detection of Cracks and Potholes in Roads using Infrared Thermography 

      Tanveer, Ahmad; Khawaja, Hassan (Conference object, 2017)
      Many remote sensing techniques can be used to identify the cracks/voids on the road surfaces. The given research focuses on applying infrared thermography (IRT). IRT technology can detect features based on the different thermal signature. This method would be an excellent tool for detecting the fracture/cracks. It is because of the reason that the naturally occurring water (rain, snowmelt, etc.) ...
    • Detection of Red Dye in Diesel Oil 

      Varughese, Bindu Sara; Khawaja, Hassan Abbas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Developing a sensitive and effective instrument for detecting the presence of red dye in diesel fuel is very advantageous for governments in preventing tax loss by controlling illegal use of the diesel fuel. The objective of this work has been to investigate and develop an instrument to detect red dye in diesel, based on the principle of absorption. The peaks of absorption in red and pure diesel ...
    • Detection of red dye in diesel oil using UV-absorption and silicon photo detector 

      Varughese, Bindu Sara (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2016-12-08)
      Developing a sensitive and effective instrument for detecting the presence of red dye in diesel fuel is very advantageous for governments in preventing tax loss by controlling illegal use of the diesel fuel. The objective of this work has been to investigate and develop an instrument to detect red dye in diesel, based on the principle of absorption. The peaks of absorption in red and pure diesel ...
    • Detection, Identification and Size distribution of micro-plastic particles 

      Varughese, Bindu Sara; Edvardsen, Kåre (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2017)
      Pollution by micro-plastic in ecosystems is one of the major problems we are facing now, especially in marine environment. Many studies are going on the detection of different micro substances that pollute our environment. Micro-plastics are among the more frequent pollutants of the sort in aquatic ecosystems. There have been some studies earlier on methodologies to detect and identify micro-plastic ...
    • Development of a Model for the Estimation of the Energy Consumption Associated with the Transportation of CO2 in Pipelines 

      Jackson, Steven (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-05-12)
      All Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) projects require the transportation of CO<sub>2</sub> from a source to a storage location. Although, a compressor and a large diameter pipeline is the normal method used to achieve this, liquefaction, shipping and pumping is sometimes attractive. Identifying the economic optimum is important for all CCS projects, minimizing energy consumption is also important ...
    • Dihedral Group D4 - A New Feature Extraction Algorithm 

      Sharma, Puneet (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-04-04)
      In this paper, we propose a new feature descriptor for images that is based on the dihedral group D<sub>4</sub> , the symmetry group of the square. The group action of the D<sub>4</sub> elements on a square image region is used to create a vector space that forms the basis for the feature vector. For the evaluation, we employed the Error-Correcting Output Coding (ECOC) algorithm and tested our model ...
    • Effect of seasonal mesoscale and microscale meteorological conditions in Ny-Ålesund on results of monitoring of long-range transported pollution 

      Dekhtyareva, Alena; Holmén, Kim; Maturilli, Marion; Hermansen, Ove; Graversen, Rune (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-09-06)
      Ny-Ålesund is an international research settlement where the thermodynamics and chemical composition of the air are monitored. The present work investigates the effects of micrometeorological conditions, mesoscale dynamics and local air pollution on the data collected at two different locations around the village. Daily filter measurements of sulphur dioxide and non-sea salt sulphate from the temporary ...
    • A field study of atmospheric icing analysis in a complex terrain of the high north 

      Rashid, Taimur; Mughal, Umair Najeeb; Mustafa, Mohamad; Virk, Muhammad Shakeel (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-12)
      Analyses of atmospheric icing events hold the key for computing the significant parameters leading to icing load calculations. In the cold regions of the high north, atmospheric icing loads on structures become important when it comes to design and safety of infrastructures. Furthermore, icing load calculations over a certain period of time provide a vital input for designers to improve the ...