Now showing items 21-40 of 364

    • The Use of Protection for Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) and Unwanted Pregnancy among Norwegian Heterosexual Young Adults 2009 

      Træen, Bente; Gravningen, Kirsten Midttun (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      This paper explores the use and none-use of condoms among young heterosexual adults in Norway. To what extent do young heterosexuals use condoms and other types of contraception, and in which context does the use take place? What are the motives underlying both use and non use of condoms? The results are based on a 2009 national web panel survey among 16–24 year-olds in Norway (n = 871). Most ...
    • Subjective sleeping problems and selfreported sleep length during four seasons in arctic Northern Norway 

      Skre, Ingunn; Braathen, Tonje; Hansen, Vidje; Lund, Eiliv (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2011)
    • Interaction between expectancies and drug effects : an experimental investigation of placebo analgesia with caffeine as an active placebo 

      Bjørkedal, Espen; Flaten, Magne Arve (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      In a randomised placebo-controlled clinical trial it is assumed that psychosocial effects of the treatment, regression to the mean and spontaneous remission are identical in the drug and placebo group. Consequently, any difference between the groups can be ascribed to the pharmacological effects. Previous studies suggest that side effects of drugs can enhance expectancies of treatment effects in the ...
    • Integrating psychoeducation in a basic computer skills course for people suffering from social anxiety: participants' experiences 

      Løhr, Hildegard Dorothea; Rosenvinge, Jan H; Wynn, Rolf (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      We describe a psychoeducational program integrated in a basic computer skills course for participants suffering from social anxiety. The two main aims of the course were: that the participants learn basic computer skills, and that the participants learn to cope better with social anxiety. Computer skills were taught by a qualified teacher. Psychoeducation and cognitive therapy skills, including ...
    • Impact on continuity of care of decentralized versus partly centralized mental health care in Northern Norway 

      Myklebust, Lars Henrik Ryther; Olstad, Reidun E.; Bjorbekkmo, Svein; Eisemann, Martin; Wynn, Rolf; Sørgaard, Knut (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      The issue of continuity of care is central in contemporary psychiatric services research. In Norway, inpatient admissions are mainly to take place locally, in a system of small bed-units that represent an alternative to traditional central psychiatric hospitals. This type of organization may be advantageous for accessibility and cooperation, but has been given little scientific attention. To study ...
    • Bullying Among Hospital Staff : Use of Psychometric Triage to Identify Intervention Priorities 

      Eriksen, Geir Steinar; Nygren, Ivan; Rudmin, Floyd Webster (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      Survey of workplace bullying in a Norwegian hospital found that 10% of nurses, therapists, and physicians (N=440) had witnessed bullying. Negative Acts Questionnaire (NAQ) scores were low, Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ) scores were positive, and Organizational Commitment Questionnaire (OCQ) scores were neutral. NAQ scores and having witnessed bullying both predicted low MSQ scores, ...
    • Validating the Eating Disorder Inventory-3 (EDI-3) : A Comparison Between 561 Female Eating Disorders Patients and 878 Females from the General Population 

      Clausen, Loa; Rosenvinge, Jan H; Rokkedal, Kristian; Friborg, Oddgeir (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      The Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI) is used worldwide in research and clinical work. The 3rd version (EDI-3) has been used in recent research, yet without any independent testing of its psychometric properties. The aim of the present study was twofold: 1) to establish national norms and to compare them with the US and international norms, and 2) to examine the factor structure, the internal consistency, ...
    • In the Blink of an Eye: Investigating the Role of Awareness in Fear Responding by Measuring the Latency of Startle Potentiation 

      Åsli, Ole; Flaten, Magne Arve (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      The latency of startle reflex potentiation may shed light on the aware and unaware processes underlying associative learning, especially associative fear learning. We review research suggesting that single-cue delay classical conditioning is independent of awareness of the contingency between the conditioned stimulus (CS) and the unconditioned stimulus (US). Moreover, we discuss research that argues ...
    • Expectations of increased and decreased pain explain the effect of conditioned pain modulation in females 

      Bjørkedal, Espen; Flaten, Magne Arve (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Chronic pain is believed to be related to a dysfunction of descending pain modulatory mechanisms. Functioning of descending pain modulation can be assessed by various methods, including conditioned pain modulation (CPM). CPM refers to the inhibition of one source of pain by a second noxious stimulus, termed the conditioning stimulus. This procedure can activate an endogenous pain inhibitory mechanism ...
    • IQ as a moderator of outcome in severity of children's mental health status after treatment in outpatient clinics 

      Mathiassen, Børge Idar; Brøndbo, Per Håkan; Waterloo, Knut; Martinussen, Monica; Eriksen, Mads; Hanssen-Bauer, Ketil; Kvernmo, Siv (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Psychotherapy is an effective treatment for mental health disorders, but even with the most efficacious treatment, many patients do not experience improvement. Moderator analysis can identify the conditions under which treatment is effective or whether there are factors that can attenuate the effects of treatment. In this study, linear mixed model analysis was used to examine whether the Full Scale ...
    • Comorbidity of personality disorders in anxiety disorders : a meta-analysis of 30 years of research 

      Friborg, Oddgeir; Martinussen, Monica; Kaiser, Sabine; Øvergård, Karl-Tore; Rosenvinge, Jan H (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Background. A comprehensive meta-analysis to identify the proportions of comorbid personality disorders (PD) across the major subtypes of anxiety disorders (AD) has not previously been published. Methods. A literature search identified 125 empirical papers from the period 1980-2010 on patients with panic disorders, social phobia, generalised anxiety, obsessive-compulsive (OCD) and post-traumatic ...
    • Does personality predict depression and use of an internet-based intervention for depression among adolescents? 

      Vangberg, Hans Christian Bones; Lillevoll, Kjersti; Waterloo, Knut; Eisemann, Martin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Focus upon depression and prevention of its occurrence among adolescents is increasing. Novel ways of dealing with this serious problem have become available especially by means of internet-based prevention and treatment programs of depression and anxiety. The use of Internet-based intervention programs among adolescents has revealed some difficulties in implementation that need to be further ...
    • Form follows function: pragmatic controlled trials (PCTs) have to answer different questions and require different designs than randomized controlled trials (RCTs) 

      Porzsolt, Franz; Wyers, Peter; Eisemann, Martin; Habs, Michael (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Rising concern for demonstrated real world comparative effectiveness has heightened interest in “pragmatic trials” design. Pragmatic trials investigate whether the efficacy, presumed or found in explanatory trials under ideal conditions, can also be detected under real world conditions, i.e. effectiveness. It is also recognized that ‘real world’ effects which are usually addressed in public health ...
    • An observational study of compliance with the Scandinavian guidelines for management of minimal, mild and moderate head injury. 

      Heskestad, Ben Ottar; Waterloo, Knut; Ingebrigtsen, Tor; Romner, Bertil; Harr, Marianne Efskind; Helseth, Eirik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      The Scandinavian guidelines for management of minimal, mild and moderate head injuries were developed to provide safe and cost effective assessment of head injured patients. In a previous study conducted one year after publication and implementation of the guidelines (2003), we showed low compliance, involving over-triage with computed tomography (CT) and hospital admissions. The aim of the present ...
    • Invisible emotional expressions influence social judgments and pupillary responses of both depressed and non-depressed individuals. 

      Laeng, Bruno; Sæther, Line; Holmlund, Terje; Wang, Catharina E.; Waterloo, Knut; Eisemann, Martin; Halvorsen, Marianne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      We used filtered low spatial frequency images of facial emotional expressions (angry, fearful, happy, sad, or neutral faces) that were blended with a high-frequency image of the same face but with a neutral facial expression, so as to obtain a “hybrid” face image that “masked” the subjective perception of its emotional expression. Participants were categorized in three groups of participants: healthy ...
    • Evaluating the translation process of an Internet-based self-help intervention for prevention of depression: A cost-effectiveness analysis. 

      Lintvedt, Ove K; Griffiths, Kathleen; Eisemann, Martin; Waterloo, Knut (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Background: Depression is common and treatable with cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), for example. However, access to this therapy is limited. Internet-based interventions have been found to be effective in reducing symptoms of depression. The International Society for Research on Internet Interventions has highlighted the importance of translating effective Internet programs into multiple languages ...
    • Hope and expectancies for future events in depression. 

      Thimm, Jens; Holte, Arne; Brennen, Tim; Wang, Catharina E. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      The present study investigated prospective cognition with the Hope scale (Snyder et al., 1991) and the Unrealistic Optimism Scale (Weinstein, 1980) in clinically depressed (CD; n = 61), previously depressed (PD; n = 42), and never depressed controls (ND; n = 46). In line with previous research, significant negative correlations between hope and symptoms of depression were found. Previously depressed ...
    • Form follows function: pragmatic controlled trials (PCTs) have to answer different questions and require different designs than randomized controlled trials (RCTs). 

      Porzsolt, Franz; Eisemann, Martin; Habs, Michael; Wyer, Peter (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Aim Rising concern for demonstrated real world comparative effectiveness has heightened interest in “pragmatic trials” design. Pragmatic trials investigate whether the efficacy, presumed or found in explanatory trials under ideal conditions, can also be detected under real world conditions, i.e. effectiveness. It is also recognized that ‘real world’ effects which are usually addressed in public ...
    • The factor structure and psychometric properties of the Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation – Outcome Measure (CORE-OM) in Norwegian clinical and non-clinical samples 

      Skre, Ingunn; Friborg, Oddgeir; Elgarøy, Sigmund; Evans, Chris; Myklebust, Lars Henrik Ryther; Lillevoll, Kjersti; Sørgaard, Knut; Hansen, Vidje (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Background The Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation - Outcome Measure (CORE-OM) is a 34-item instrument developed to monitor clinically significant change in out-patients. The CORE-OM covers four domains: well-being, problems/symptoms, functioning and risk, and sums up in two total scores: the mean of All items, and the mean of All non-risk items. The aim of this study was to examine the ...
    • Scientific dishonesty - a nationwide survey of doctoral students in Norway 

      Hofmann, Bjørn; Myhr, Anne Ingeborg; Holm, Søren (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Background: The knowledge of scientific dishonesty is scarce and heterogeneous. Therefore this study investigates the experiences with and the attitudes towards various forms of scientific dishonesty among PhD-students at the medical faculties of all Norwegian universities. Method: Anonymous questionnaire distributed to all post graduate students attending introductory PhD-courses at all medical ...