Now showing items 61-80 of 396

    • The role of adrenoceptors in the central nervous system in male and female rat sexual behavior 

      Snoeren, Eelke (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Preprint; Manuskript, 2014-09-10)
      Three different phases can be distinguished in rats’ sexual cycle, the introductory (precopulatory), the copulatory and the executive (ejaculatory) phases. In this review, a new analysis of existing pharmacological data is made, both in male and female rats, in which the different aspects of sexual behavior are taken into account. An effort is made to distinguish pharmacological effects on sexual ...
    • Global cortical thinning in acute anorexia nervosa normalizes following long-term weight restoration 

      King, Joseph A; Geisler, Daniel; Rischel, Franziska; Schober, Ilka; Seidel, Maria; Roschinski, Benjamin; Soltwedel, Laura; Zwipp, Johannes; Pfuhl, Gerit; Marxen, Michael; Roessner, Veit; Ehrlich, Stefan (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-09-22)
      <b>Background:</b> Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a serious eating disorder characterized by selfstarvation, extreme weight loss and alterations in brain structure. Structural magnetic resonance imaging (sMRI) studies have documented brain volume reductions in acute AN, but it is unclear whether they are 1) regionally-specific or 2) reversible following weight restoration. Here, we measured cortical ...
    • Adolescent health and adaptation in Canada: Examination of gender and age aspects of the healthy immigrant effect 

      Kwak, Kyunghwa; Rudmin, Floyd Webster (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-11-14)
      Introduction A longstanding and widely held assumption is that immigrants suffer from ill health and adaptation problems. Yet recent studies show that immigrants report the same or better state of health compared to their native-born counterparts. This phenomenon, known as the healthy immigrant effect, has been found in studies of specific health conditions of adults. The present study focuses instead ...
    • Slik kan du få bedre søvn i mørketida 

      Friborg, Oddgeir (Others; Andre, 2014-12-07)
    • Gammel, sier du? Hurra! 

      Gorecka, Marta Maria (Chronicle; Kronikk, 2015)
    • D for Demoner 

      Gorecka, Marta Maria (Chronicle; Kronikk, 2015)
    • Bare noen bokstaver? 

      Gorecka, Marta Maria (Chronicle; Kronikk, 2015)
    • Forstyrra i personligheten 

      Gorecka, Marta Maria (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2015)
      Populærvitenskapelig artikkel om personlighetsforstyrrelser.
    • The case of case reports: A decade of publications by staff at a major university hospital 

      Nissen, Trygve; Bergvik, Svein; Wynn, Rolf (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      <p><i>Rationale:</i> The place of case reports in the medical literature has been much debated in recent years. This study was undertaken to gain knowledge about the publication practice of case reports and case series from a major university hospital. <p><i>Method:</i> We decided to conduct a retrospective, bibliographic, descriptive study of published case reports and case series from a university ...
    • Demographic and psychological predictors of Grade Point Average (GPA) in North-Norway: A particular analysis of cognitive/school-related and literacy problems 

      Sæle, Rannveig Grøm; Sørlie, Tore; Nergård-Nilssen, Trude; Ottosen, Karl-Ottar; Goll, Charlotte Bjørnskov; Friborg, Oddgeir (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Approximately 30 % of students drop out from Norwegian upper secondary schools. Academic achievement, as indexed by Grade Point Average (GPA) is one of the strongest predictors of dropout. The present study aimed to examine the role of cognitive, school-related and affective/psychological predictors of GPA. In addition, we examined the psychometric properties of a new scale for literacy problems ...
    • Where is the Child in Family Therapy Service After Family Violence? A Study from the Norwegian Family Protection Service 

      Flåm, Anna Margrete; Handegård, Bjørn Helge (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-01-21)
      Extensive documentation on consequences of family violence laid the ground for a politically decided mandate for the Norwegian Family Protection Service (FPS) to prioritize families with children and violence. This study explores the practice of one of the country’s larger FPS offices following this mandate and its kick-off start. Data from all cases in 1 year with families with children and violence ...
    • How can placebo effects best be applied in clinical practice? A narrative review 

      Bystad, Martin Kragnes; Bystad, Camilla; Wynn, Rolf (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-01-29)
      Placebo effects are documented in a number of clinical and experimental studies. It is possible to benefit from placebo effects in clinical practice by using them as effects additive to those of documented and effective treatments. The purpose of this paper is to discuss how doctors and other health workers may benefit from placebo effects within an ethical framework. A narrative review of the ...
    • Predictors of Response to Web-Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy With High-Intensity Face-to-Face Therapist Guidance for Depression: A Bayesian Analysis 

      Høifødt, Ragnhild Sørensen; Mittner, Matthias; Lillevoll, Kjersti; Kvam Katla, Susanne; Kolstrup, nils; Eisemann, Martin; Friborg, Oddgeir; Waterloo, Knut (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-02-06)
      Background: Several studies have demonstrated the effect of guided Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (ICBT) for depression. However, ICBT is not suitable for all depressed patients and there is a considerable level of nonresponse. Research on predictors and moderators of outcome in ICBT is inconclusive. Objective: This paper explored predictors of response to an intervention combining the ...
    • Simple ears - flexible behavior: Information processing in the moth auditory pathway 

      Pfuhl, Gerit; Kalinova, Blanka; Valterova, Irena; Berg, Bente Gunnveig (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-03)
      Abstract Lepidoptera evolved tympanic ears in response to echolocating bats. Comparative studies have shown that moth ears evolved many times independently from chordotonal organs. With only 1 to 4 receptor cells, they are one of the simplest hearing organs. The small number of receptors does not imply simplicity, neither in behavior nor in the neural circuit. Behaviorally, the response to ...
    • Distracted by the unthought - Suppression and reappraisal of mind wandering under stereotype threat 

      Schuster, Carolin; Martiny, Sarah E.; Schmader, Toni (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-03-27)
      Previous research has found that subtle reminders of negative stereotypes about one’s group can lead individuals to underperform on stereotype-relevant tests (e.g., women in math, ethnic minorities on intelligence tests). This so called stereotype threat effect can contribute to systematic group differences in performance that can obscure the true abilities of certain social groups and thereby ...
    • Epidemiology of eating disorders part III: Social epidemiology and case definitions revisited. 

      Rosenvinge, Jan H; Pettersen, Gunn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-04-09)
      The previous papers in this series outlined a historical panorama and presented updated knowledge about putative risk factors and how eating disorders are distributed in various populations. In this final paper, we discuss in what way comorbidity findings and transdiagnostic issues may change our conceptions about ‘an epidemiological case’ from the current definition of eating disorders based on the ...
    • Preventing Alcohol Use with a Universal School-Based Intervention: Results from an Effectiveness Study 

      Strøm, Henriette Kyrrestad; Adolfsen, Frode; Handegård, Bjørn Helge; Natvig, Henrik; Eisemann, Martin; Martinussen, Monica; Koposov, Roman A (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-04-09)
      Background: The effectiveness of the universal school-based alcohol prevention program “Unge & Rus” [Youth & Alcohol] was tested by an independent research group. The program aims to prevent alcohol use and to change adolescents’ alcohol-related attitudes. The main outcome measure was frequency of monthly alcohol use, favorable alcohol attitudes, perceived behavioral control (PBC), positive alcohol ...
    • The Impact of a Preoperative Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) on Dysfunctional Eating Beahaviours, Affective Symptoms and Body Weight 1 Year after Bariatric Surgery: A Randomised Controlled Trial. 

      Gade, Hege; Friborg, Oddgeir; Rosenvinge, Jan H; Småstuen, Milada C; Hjelmesæth, Jøran (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-04-19)
      Background To examine whether a preoperative cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) intervention exceeds usual care in the improvements of dysfunctional eating behaviours, mood, affective symptoms and body weight 1 year after bariatric surgery. <p>Methods This is a 1-year follow-up of a single centre parallelgroup randomised controlled trial (http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/ show/NCT01403558). A ...
    • The cross-cultural validity of the Resilience Scale for Adults: A comparison between Norway and Brazil 

      Hjemdal, Odin; Roazzi, A.; Dias, M G; Friborg, Oddgeir (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-06-18)
      Background: The resilience construct is of increasing interest in clinical and health psychology. The Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA) is a measure of protective factors. The evidence supporting its construct validity is good, however evidence of cross-cultural validity is modest. The present study explored the factorial invariance of the RSA across a Brazilian and a Norwegian sample, as well as ...