Viser treff 110-129 av 254

    • Harvest control rules in modern fisheries management 

      Kvamsdal, Sturla F; Eide, Arne; Ekerhovd, Nils-Arne; Enberg, Katja; Gudmundsdottir, Asta; Hoel, Alf Håkon; Mills, Katherine E.; Mueter, Franz J.; Ravn-Jonsen, Lars; Sandal, Leif Kristoffer; Stiansen, Jan Erik; Vestergaard, Niels (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-07-20)
      Harvest control rules have become an important tool in modern fisheries management, and are increasingly adopted to provide continuity in management practices, to deal with uncertainty and ecosystem considerations, and to relieve management decisions from short-term political pressure. We provide the conceptual and institutional background for harvest control rules, a discussion of the structure of ...
    • A head start for an invasive species in a strongly seasonal environment? Growth of Elodea canadensis in boreal lakes 

      Tattersdill, Kristina; Ecke, Frauke; Frainer, André; McKie, Brendan G. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-11-20)
      Many invasive species are expanding northwards into boreal and subarctic habitats, but research on the factors favoring their establishment in these regions remains limited. In three Swedish lakes we investigated the growth of Elodea canadensis Michx, a highly invasive macrophyte that is spreading northwards in Europe and Alaska. We conducted an in situ growth experiment, maintained for ten months, ...
    • Heat treatment increases the protein bioaccessibility in the red seaweed dulse (Palmaria palmata), but not in the brown seaweed winged kelp (Alaria esculenta) 

      Mæhre, Hanne K; Edvinsen, Guro Kristine; Eilertsen, Karl-Erik; Elvevoll, Edel Oddny (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-04-25)
      Bioaccessibility of plant proteins has been shown to be inferior to that of proteins of animal origin. Heat treatment has been shown to positively affect this in some plants. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of heat treatment on bioaccessibility of seaweed proteins. An in vitro gastrointestinal digestion model was used for evaluation of potential effects on the brown seaweed Alaria ...
    • Histological and bacteriological changes in intestine of beluga (Huso huso) following ex vivo exposure to bacterial strains 

      Salma, Wahida; Zhou, Zhigang; Wang, Wenwan; Askarian, Fatemeh; Kousha, Armin; Ebrahimi, Maryam Tajabadi; Myklebust, Reidar; Ringø, Einar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      In the present study the intestinal sac method (ex vivo) was used to evaluate the interactions between lactic acid bacteria and staphylococci in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract of beluga (Huso huso). The distal intestine (DI) of beluga was exposed ex vivo to Staphylococcus aureus, Leuconostoc mesenteroides and Lactobacillus plantarum. Histological changes following bacterial exposure were assessed ...
    • Homing of Antigen-Presenting Cells in Head Kidney and Spleen – Salmon Head Kidney Hosts Diverse APC Types 

      Iliev, Dimitri Borisov; Thim, Hanna Leena; Lagos, Leidy; Olsen, randi; Jørgensen, Jorunn B (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Lymph nodes and spleen are major organs where mammalian antigen-presenting cells (APCs) initiate and orchestrate Ag-specific immune responses. Unlike mammals, teleosts lack lymph nodes and an interesting question is whether alternative organs may serve as sites for antigen presentation in teleosts. In the current study, fluorescent ovalbumin (Ova) and CpG oligonucleotides (ODNs) injected intra-abdominally ...
    • How many fish need to be measured to effectively evaluate trawl selectivity? 

      Herrmann, Bent; Sistiaga, Manu Berrondo; Santos, Juan; Sala, Antonello (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      The aim of this study was to provide practitioners working with trawl selectivity with general and easily understandable guidelines regarding the fish sampling effort necessary during sea trials. In particular, we focused on how many fish would need to be caught and length measured in a trawl haul in order to assess the selectivity parameters of the trawl at a designated uncertainty level. We also ...
    • Hva begrenser tilgangen på sjøareal til havbruksnæringen? 

      Hersoug, Bjørn; Andreassen, Otto; Johnsen, Jahn Petter; Robertsen, Roy (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2014-08-13)
      Prosjektet har hovedfokus på havbruksnæringens lokalitetstilgang sett i lys av økt arealbehov ut fra havbruknæringens ønske om vekst. Denne veksten er ikke uproblematisk, for bruk av kystsonen utfordres av mange interesser og brukerere. De siste årene har bærekraftig utvikling av næringen hatt sterkt fokus, hvor klare miljøutfordringer relatert til påvirkning av villaks, luseproblematikk, forurensing, ...
    • Hvordan planlegges kystsonen? Kartlegging av gjeldende planpraksis etter plan- og bygningsloven i sjøområdene 

      Sørdahl, Patrick Berg; Solås, Ann-Magnhild; Kvalvik, Ingrid; Hersoug, Bjørn (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2017-06)
      Planlegging i kystsonen har de senere år blitt bedre, og det gjøres mye godt planarbeid ute i kommunene. Flere og flere kommuner har vedtatte planer som dekker sjøarealet, antall interessenter som involveres øker, og omfanget og kvaliteten av datagrunnlaget blir stadig bedre. Flere kommuner tar også initiativ til interkommunale samarbeid hvor større sjøarealer planlegges på tvers av kommunegrensene. ...
    • The impact of coastal grabbing on community conservation – a global reconnaissance 

      Bavinck, Jan Maarten; Berkes, Fikret; Charles, Anthony; Dias, Ana Carolina Esteves; Doubleday, Nancy; Nayak, Prateep; Sowman, Merle (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-05-14)
      "Coastal grab" refers to the contested appropriation of coastal (shore and inshore) space and resources by outside interests. This paper explores the phenomenon of coastal grabbing and the effects of such appropriation on community-based conservation of local resources and environment. The approach combines social-ecological systems analysis with socio-legal property rights studies. Evidence of ...
    • Infectious pancreatic necrosis virus proteins VP2, VP3, VP4 and VP5 antagonize IFNa1 promoter activation while VP1 induces IFNa1 

      Lauksund, Reidunn Silje; Greiner-Tollersrud, Linn; Chang, Chia Jung; Robertsen, Børre (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV) is one of the major viral pathogens causing disease in farmed Atlantic salmon worldwide. In the present work we show that several of the IPN proteins have powerful antagonistic properties against type I IFN induction in Atlantic salmon. Each of the five IPNV genes cloned into an expression vector were tested for the ability to influence activation of the ...
    • Influence of soak time on catch performance of commercial creels targeting Norway lobster (Nephrops norvegicus) in the Mediterranean Sea 

      Brčić, Jure; Herrmann, Bent; Mašanović, Marina; Šifner, Svjetlana Krstulović; Škeljo, Frane (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-10-13)
      Creel catch performance is known to be affected by the soak time in many fisheries. If creels maintained their efficiency over longer periods, increase in soak time should lead to proportional increase in catch quantity. However, the exact shape of this relationship is unknown for creel fisheries targeting Norway lobster (Nephrops norvegicus). If it was known fishermen could adjust their fishing ...
    • The influence of weight and gender on intestinal bacterial community of wild largemouth bronze gudgeon (Coreius guichenoti, 1874) 

      Li, Xuemei; Yan, Qingyun; Ringø, Einar; Wu, Xingbing; He, Yongfeng; Yang, Deguo (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-08-22)
      Background: Largemouth bronze gudgeon (Coreius guichenoti) is of economic importance in China, distributed in upstream regions of the Yangtze River in China. But it has recently dramatically declined and is close to elimination. However, there is little knowing about the character of its intestinal microbiota. This study was conducted to elucidate the intestinal microbiota of wild largemouth bronze ...
    • Informing management strategies for a reserve: Results from a discrete choice experiment survey 

      Bui, Bich Xuan; Sandorf, Erlend Dancke; Aanesen, Margrethe (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-05-18)
      It is well-known that operating within the boundaries of a national park provides commercial actors with the opportunity to charge a price premium, though this has to a lesser degree been demonstrated for marine protected areas. We estimate national tourists' willingness-to-pay a price premium for boat trips in the Nha Trang Bay Marine Protected Are, Vietnam, using a discrete choice experiment. Our ...
    • Institutional challenges for effective governance of consumptive wildlife tourism: case studies of marine angling tourism in Iceland and Norway 

      Solstrand, Maria-Victoria (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-04-08)
      Good governance of consumptive wildlife tourism, a complex socio-ecological system, requires finding the right balance between natural resource and tourism management. Fishing takes the lead globally as the most popular product offering within consumptive wildlife tourism, and both Iceland and Norway offer a marine angling tourism product. The two countries offer similar pristine Arctic fjord ...
    • Institutional quality and catch performance of fishing nations 

      Flaaten, Ola (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      The relationship between annual growth in the catches of fishing nations and the quality of the institutions of those nations is analyzed. Catch volumes are used as a proxy for development, since economic performance indicators based on a common set of definitions do not exist. 49 major fishing nations were selected for this study, including 22 OECD countries and several developing countries. Three ...
    • Intensive aquaculture and sustainable regional development in the Arctic region – from controversy to dialogue (AquaLog) 

      Hersoug, Bjørn; Karlsen, Kine Mari; Solås, Ann-Magnhild; Kvalvik, Ingrid; Johnsen, Jahn Petter; Young, Nathan; Brattland, Camilla; Schreiber, Dorothee; Simonsen, Knud; Olofsson, Erik; Thorarensen, Helgi (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2017-08-28)
      The main objective of the AquaLog project is to understand factors and forces that influence the aquaculture controversy in the Arctic communities. This report summarizes the second workshop in Vancouver, Canada 23-27th April 2017. The project is funded by the Nordic Council of Minister and the Norwegian Fram Centre.
    • Interkommunale planleggingsprosesser – et bedre verktøy for lokalitetstilgang 

      Robertsen, Roy; Kvalvik, Ingrid; Andreassen, Otto; Hersoug, Bjørn; Johnsen, Jahn Petter (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2014-10-07)
      Interkommunalt samarbeid i sjø er relativt nytt i forhold til interkommunalt samarbeid på andre områder. Det er likevel klart at mange kommuner, særlig små distriktskommuner mangler eller har liten plankompetanse og derfor kan ha stor nytte av samarbeid på plansiden. En utfordring med interkommunal planlegging er imidlertid spørsmålet om kommunal styring. For politisk ledelse i kommunen vil det ofte ...
    • Introduction to the themed issue - Poststructural approaches to fisheries 

      Mather, Charles; Johnsen, Jahn Petter; Sønvisen, Signe Annie; Sridhar, Aarthi; Stephen, Johny (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-11-15)
      This themed issue of papers for Maritime Studies emerges out of a special session of the MARE 2015 conference held in Amsterdam. The aim of this Introduction is to provide a brief background to poststructural scholarship drawing on examples and cases from research on fisheries. We argue that a poststructural sensibility has made an important impact on scholars interested in fisheries issues even ...
    • IPNV with high and low virulence: host immune responses and viral mutations during infection 

      Skjesol, Astrid; SkjÆveland, ingrid; Elnæs, Marianne; Timmerhaus, Gerrit Frantz; Fredriksen, Børge Nilsen; Jørgensen, Sven Martin; Krasnov, Aleksei; Jørgensen, Jorunn B (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      Infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV) is an aquatic member of the Birnaviridae family that causes widespread disease in salmonids. IPNV is represented by multiple strains with markedly different virulence. Comparison of isolates reveals hyper variable regions (HVR), which are presumably associated with pathogenicity. However little is known about the rates and modes of sequence divergence and ...
    • Isolation and Synthesis of Pulmonarins A and B, Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors from the Colonial Ascidian Synoicum pulmonaria 

      Tadesse, Margey; Svenson, Johan; Sepcič, Kristina; Trembleau, Laurent; Engqvist, Stig Olov Magnus; Andersen, Jeanette Hammer; Jaspars, Marcel; Stensvåg, Klara; Haug, Tor (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-02-14)
      Pulmonarins A and B are two new dibrominated marine acetylcholinesterase inhibitors that were isolated and characterized from the sub-Arctic ascidian <i>Synoicum pulmonaria</i> collected off the Norwegian coast. The structures of natural pulmonarins A and B were tentatively elucidated by spectroscopic methods and later verified by comparison with synthetically prepared material. Both pulmonarins A ...