Now showing items 251-270 of 372

    • A parable of compliance issues and their link to EBFM outcomes. 

      Pope, John; Weber, Charlotte Teresa (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-14)
      <p>Fisheries Stakeholders are understandably most concerned with immediate problems. Often these problems are related to proposed rule changes. This short term focus is in itself a serious problem for introducing Ecosystems Based Fisheries Management (EBFM), which is typically seen as a long-term approach. However, the short-term response of fishers to rule changes may well have long-term consequences ...
    • Paralithocins, Antimicrobial Peptides with Unusual Disulfide Connectivity from the Red King Crab, Paralithodes camtschaticus 

      Moe, Morten Kaare; Haug, Tor; Sydnes, Magne Olav; Sperstad, Sigmund; Li, Chun; Vaagsfjord, Lena Christine; de la Vega, Enrique; Stensvåg, Klara (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Preprint; Manuskript, 2018-01-17)
      As part of an ongoing exploration of marine invertebrates as a source of new antimicrobial peptides, hemocyte extracts from the red king crab, <i>Paralithodes camtschaticus</i>, were studied. Three cationic cysteine (Cys)-rich peptides, named paralithocins 1–3, were isolated by bioassay-guided purification, and their amino acid sequences determined by Edman degradation and expressed sequences tag ...
    • Parasitism and the Biodiversity-Functioning Relationship 

      Frainer, André; McKie, Brendan G.; Amundsen, Per-Arne; Knudsen, Rune; Lafferty, Kevin D. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-02-15)
      Species interactions can influence ecosystem functioning by enhancing or suppressing the activities of species that drive ecosystem processes, or by causing changes in biodiversity. However, one important class of species interactions – parasitism – has been little considered in biodiversity and ecosystem functioning (BD-EF) research. Parasites might increase or decrease ecosystem processes by ...
    • A participatory scenario method to explore the future of marine social‐ecological systems 

      Planque, Benjamin; Mullon, Christian; Arneberg, Per; Eide, Arne; Fromentin, Jean-Marc; Heymans, Johanna J; Hoel, Alf Håkon; Niiranen, Susa; Ottersen, Geir; Sandø, Anne Britt; Sommerkorn, Martin; Thébaud, Olivier; Thorvik, Thorbjørn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-03-01)
      Anticipating future changes in marine social‐ecological systems (MSES) several decades into the future is essential in the context of accelerating global change. This is challenging in situations where actors do not share common understandings, practices, or visions about the future. We introduce a dedicated scenario method for the development of MSES scenarios in a participatory context. The objective ...
    • Peptide from sea anemone metridium senile affects transient receptor potential ankyrin-repeat 1 (TRPA1) function and produces analgesic effect 

      Logashina, Yulia A.; Mosharova, Irina V.; Korolkova, Yulia V.; Shelukhina, Irina V; Dyachenko, Igor A.; Palikov, Victor A.; Palikova, Yulia A.; Murashev, Arkadii N.; Kozlov, Sergey A.; Stensvåg, Klara; Andreev, Yaroslav A. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-01-11)
      The Transient Receptor Potential Ankyrin-repeat 1 (TRPA1) is an important player in pain and inflammatory pathways. It is a promising target for novel drugs development for treatment of a number of pathological states. A novel peptide producing significant potentiating effect (up to ~90%) on AITC- and diclofenac-induced currents of TRPA1 was isolated from the venom of sea anemone <i>Metridium ...
    • Peracetic acid as a potential treatment for amoebic gill disease (AGD) in Atlantic salmon - Stage 1 

      Lazado, Carlo C.; Timmerhaus, Gerrit; Pedersen, Lars-Flemming; Pittman, Karin; Soleng, Malene; Haddeland, Sindre; Johansen, Lill-Heidi; Breiland, Mette Serine Wesmajervi; Rørmark, Lisbeth; Mohammad, Saima; Hytterød, Sigurd (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2019-06)
      PERAGILL is an initiative that ultimately aims to develop an alternative treatment for the currently available therapies for amoebic gill disease (AGD) that have several practical and environmental issues. Peracetic acid (PAA) is a potent oxidant with a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity and decays into relatively safe residuals, thus, has been widely recognised as a sustainable disinfectant ...
    • Performance of the Nordmøre grid in shrimp trawling and potential effects of guiding funnel length and light stimulation 

      Larsen, Roger B.; Herrmann, Bent; Sistiaga, Manu Berrondo; Brinkhof, Jesse; Tatone, Ivan; Langård, Lise (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-07-31)
      The introduction of the Nordmøre grid to shrimp trawls has reduced the issue of bycatch to that of small-sized species and juveniles that are able to pass through the grid and enter the small-meshed cod end together with the targeted shrimp. This study estimated the size- and species-selective performance of the Nordmøre grid in the configuration most often applied by fishermen and made a preliminary ...
    • Permanent skjørt for redusering av luspåslag på laks 

      Lien, Andreas Myskja; Stien, Lars Helge; Grøntvedt, Randi; Frank, Kevin (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2015-03-06)
      Hovedmålet med prosjektet er å dokumentere effekten av Permaskjørt i forhold til å redusere luspåslag, i tillegg til å dokumentere hvordan innretningen påvirker miljøet i merden, fiskens biologiske forhold og merdens hovedkomponenter i forhold til en merd uten Permaskj¢rt. <br> I prosjektet har det blitt gjennomført ulike forskningsaktiviteter, som modellforsøk, fullskalaforsøk, numeriske ...
    • Persistence of environmental DNA in marine systems 

      Collins, Rupert A.; Wangensteen Fuentes, Owen Simon; O'Gorman, Eoin J.; Mariani, Stefano; Sims, David W.; Genner, Martin J. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-05)
      As environmental DNA (eDNA) becomes an increasingly valuable resource for marine ecosystem monitoring, understanding variation in its persistence across contrasting environments is critical. Here, we quantify the breakdown of macrobial eDNA over a spatio-temporal axis of locally extreme conditions, varying from ocean-influenced offshore to urban-inshore, and between winter and summer. We report that ...
    • Perturbation of seafloor bacterial community structure by drilling waste discharge 

      Nguyen, Tan Thi; Cochrane, Sabine K.J.; Landfald, Bjarne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-10-31)
      Offshore drilling operations result in the generation of drill cuttings and localized smothering of the benthic habitats. This study explores bacterial community changes in the in the upper layers of the seafloor resulting from an exploratory drilling operation at 1400 m water depth on the Barents Sea continental slope. Significant restructurings of the sediment microbiota were restricted to the ...
    • Petrodevelopment 2030: Socio-economic consequences of an extensive oil and gas development in the Barents Sea 

      Didyk, Vladimir; Arbo, Peter; Hersoug, Bjørn; Nilssen, Inge Berg; Sand, Jan Yngve; Nygaard, Vigdis; Riabova, Larissa; Østbye, Stein (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2007-10)
      The theme of this report is the regional socio-economic consequences of an extensive oil and gas development in the Barents Sea. The regional focus area includes Finnmark County and Murmansk Oblast. The introductory chapter explains the purpose of the study and the way the work has been done. The next two chapters provide a detailed account of the region and its basic characteristics. The general ...
    • Physical and Quality Attributes of Salted cod (Gadus morhua L.) as Affected by the State of Rigor and Freezing Prior to Salting 

      Olsen, Ragnar L.; Lauritzsen, Kristin; Akse, Leif; Johansen, Arvid; Joensen, Sjurður; Sørensen, Nils Kristian (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2004-03-04)
      The effects of the rigor state and freezing of cod prior to salting on the mass transfer during production and the quality of heavily cured cod have been investigated. Pre-rigor salting lead to a larger reduction in weight, a higher water loss and a lower uptake of NaCl than in fish salted post-rigor and in fish salted after frozen storage. The cause of this is believed to be the simultaneous influx ...
    • A plant 35S CaMV promoter induces long-term expression of luciferase in Atlantic salmon 

      Seternes, Tore; Tonheim, Tom Christian; Myhr, Anne Ingeborg; Dalmo, Roy Ambli (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      The long-term persistence and activity of a naked plasmid DNA (pGL3-35S) containing a luc gene (reporter gene) controlled by a plant 35S CaMV promoter was studied in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) after injection. Atlantic salmon (mean weight 70 grams) were injected intramuscularly with 100 μg of plasmid DNA. Blood, different tissues and organs were sampled at different time points up to day 535 ...
    • Polar front associated variation in prokaryotic community structure in Arctic shelf seafloor 

      Nguyen, Tan Thi; Landfald, Bjarne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-01-23)
      Spatial variations in composition of marine microbial communities and its causes have largely been disclosed in studies comprising rather large environmental and spatial differences. In the present study, we explored if a moderate but temporally permanent climatic division within a contiguous arctic shelf seafloor was traceable in the diversity patterns of its bacterial and archaeal communities. ...
    • Policy context as a factor of bias in the valuation of environmental goods – a dual-process theories perspective 

      Nikitina, Ekaterina (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Preprint; Manuskript, 2018-03-13)
      When ecosystem services value estimates are applied in the economic assessment of environmental policies, high accuracy of these estimates is required. One of the directions in the scientific discussion on biases in stated preference (SP) valuation surveys builds on dual-process theories of judgment. The paper contributes to this literature by presenting an experiment where two types of judgment ...
    • The Political Game of European Fisheries Management 

      Aanesen, Margrethe; Armstrong, Claire W. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-02-14)
      European fisheries activities are subject to a hierarchy of regulatory authorities. This raises questions regarding the implications of strategic interaction between different authority levels concerning the regulation of these activities. We apply a bio-economic objective function where fishers and regulators have environmental, economic and social preferences, and where fishers are subject to ...
    • Ponasterone A and F, Ecdysteroids from the Arctic Bryozoan Alcyonidium gelatinosum 

      Østnes Hanssen, Kine; Isaksson, Johan; Glomsaker, Eirin; Andersen, Jeanette hammer; Hansen, Espen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-06-19)
      A new ecdysteroid, ponasterone F (1) and the previously reported compound ponasterone A (2) were isolated from specimens of the Arctic marine bryozoan Alcyonidium gelatinosum collected at Hopenbanken, off the coast of Edgeøya, Svalbard. The structure of 1 was elucidated, and the structure of 2 confirmed by spectroscopic methods including 1D and 2D NMR and analysis of HR-MS data. The compounds were ...
    • Population structure and biology of shortfin mako, Isurus oxyrinchus, in the south-west Indian Ocean 

      Groeneveld, Johan C.; Cliff, G.; Dudley, S.F.J.; Foulis, A.J.; Santos, Jorge; Wintner, S.P. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
    • Power and the Production of Science. Assessing Cod Stocks as the Mechanistic Fishery Collapses 

      Sinclair, Peter R.; Johnsen, Jahn Petter; Ripley, Paul (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2009)
      This paper discusses power relations in the production of knowledge claims and the validation of management strategies. The experience of doing stock assessment science and creating management plans for Canada’s east coast cod fishery illustrates this general process. We demonstrate that the cyborgization of fisheries-management is limited by its inability to produce power for stabilizing the ...
    • Preclinical and clinical studies on antioxidative, antihypertensive and cardioprotective effect of marine proteins and peptides - A review 

      Jensen, Ida-Johanne; Mæhre, Hanne K (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-11-18)
      High seafood consumption has traditionally been linked to a reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases, mainly due to the lipid lowering effects of the long chained omega 3 fatty acids. However, fish and seafood are also excellent sources of good quality proteins and emerging documentation show that, upon digestion, these proteins are sources for bioactive peptides with documented favorable ...