Viser treff 192-211 av 254

    • Quality of obstetric care in the sparsely populated sub-arctic area of Norway 2009-2011 

      Norum, Jan; Heyd, Anca Kriemhilde; Hjelseth, Bente; Svee, Tove Elisabeth; Mürer, Fred A; Erlandsen, Randi; Vonen, Barthold (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Background: It is challenging to obtain high quality obstetric care in a sparsely populated area. In the subarctic region of Norway, significant distances, weather conditions and seasonable darkness have called for a decentralized care model. We aimed to explore the quality of this care. Methods: A retrospective study employing data (2009–11) from the Medical Birth Registry of Norway was initiated. ...
    • Rebuilding the Northeast Arctic Cod Fisheries - Economic and Social Issues 

      Armstrong, Claire W.; Eide, Arne; Flaaten, Ola; Heen, Knut; Kaspersen, Inga Wigdahl (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      The Northeast Arctic cod (NEA cod) fisheries in Norway are now one of the richest cod fisheries in the world. In the past the fishery has experienced several stock declines and low economic returns. In this paper we review management approaches applied over 20 years to address one of the most severe crises in the fishery. Emphasis is on management strategies and the measures carried out to ensure ...
    • Recovery from exhaustive swimming and its effect on fillet quality in haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) 

      Karlsson-Drangsholt, Anders; Svalheim, Ragnhild Aven; Aas-Hansen, Øyvind; Olsen, Stein Harris; Midling, Kjell Øivind; Breen, Michael; Grimsbø, Endre; Johnsen, Helge K. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-10-08)
      Wild haddock (<i>Melanogrammus aeglefinus</i>) of commercial size (0.8–2.49 kg, 45–60 cm) were swum to exhaustion in a large swim tunnel and then allowed to recuperate for 0, 3 or 6 h, to investigate the effects of exhaustive swimming on blood glucose, blood lactate and post mortem development of fillet quality. There was a positive linear relationship between critical (aerobic) swimming speed ...
    • Recruitment to the Norwegian fishing fleet: storylines, paradoxes, and pragmatism in Norwegian fisheries and recruitment policy 

      Sønvisen, Signe Annie (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      The majority of actors in the Norwegian fisheries consider recruitment of fishers to be the main future challenge for the Norwegian fishing fleet. As fleet recruitment is a highly politicized field, the problem of how to mitigate the recruitment problem is a subject of heavy debate. Some argue that recruitment problems are caused by low fleet profitability, while others argue that recruitment ...
    • Reducing the number of individuals to monitor shoaling fish systems – Application of the Shannon entropy to construct a biological warning system model 

      Eguiraun, Harkaitz; Casquero, Oskar; Sørensen, Asgeir Johan; Martinez, Iciar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-05-08)
      The present study aims at identifying the lowest number of fish (European seabass) that could be used for monitoring and/or experimental purposes in small-scale fish facilities by quantifying the effect that the number of individuals has on the Shannon entropy (SE) of the trajectory followed by the shoal’s centroid. Two different experiments were performed: (i) one starting with 50 fish and decreasing ...
    • Regelrett eller rett regel? Håndtering og praktisering av regelverket for havbruksnæringen 

      Robertsen, Roy; Andreassen, Otto; Hersoug, Bjørn; Karlsen, Kine Mari; Osmundsen, Tonje; Solås, Ann-Magnhild; Sørgård, Bjørn; Asche, Frank; Tveterås, Ragnar (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2016-10-11)
      This is the second report from the project “Impacts of the legal framework on the aquaculture industry – simplification of regulations”, funded by The Norwegian Seafood Research Fund (FHF). The project is designed to investigate how scientific knowledge and political objectives have shaped the design and implementation of the legal framework, and to suggest possible improvements and simplifications ...
    • Rekrutteringsutfordringer for marin sektor i framtida 

      Vik, Jostein; Johnsen, Jahn Petter; Sønvisen, Signe Annie (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2009)
    • The Relative Bioavailability of Ibuprofen After Administration With a Novel Soft Chewable Drug Formulation 

      Hattrem, Magnus Nergård; Dille, Morten Johnsen; Seternes, Tore; Ege, Thorfinn; Draget, Kurt Ingar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-04-25)
      The first aim of the present study was to evaluate the bioavailability of ibuprofen dispersed in a novel soft chewable formulation compared with a traditional ibuprofen tablet; its second was to map the quality of taste masking and patient product satisfaction. In a phase 1, single-center, open-label, randomized, crossover study, healthy subjects received a softchew formulation or a hard tablet ...
    • Report from fact-finding mission to Ghana 8-21 August 2015 

      Hersoug, Bjørn; Johnsen, Jahn Petter (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2015)
      Over the years, 19 students from Ghana have graduated from the International Fisheries Management Programme (IFM) at the Norwegian College of Fishery Science (NCFS) at the University of Tromsø, the Arctic University of Norway. In addition, three other students from Ghana are in their first and second year of the programme now. These students are trained and supervised by professors with broad ...
    • Report of the Workshop on Age Estimation in Monodontids 

      Hohn, Aleta A.; Lockyer, Christina; Acquarone, Mario (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      The workshop was a 2-day event organised immediately before the Society for Marine Mammalogy biennial conference in Tampa. NAMMCO funding enabled participation of 4 invited experts and also supported the organization and logistics associated with the workshop. The breadth and depth of the workshop presentations made it clear that most issues concerning monodontid age estimation are not unique. Many ...
    • Representations of Colonialism in Three Popular, Modern Board Games: Puerto Rico, Struggle of Empires, and Archipelago 

      Borit, Cornel; Borit, Melania; Olsen, Petter (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-04-10)
      With all its intricate processes, colonialism, both as an ideology and a historical period, has been a rich source of inspiration for contemporary popular culture, whether in the form of movies, novels, digital games, or analogue games. This article presents a critical analysis of colonial representations in three examples of the latter: <i>Puerto Rico</i> (2002), <i>Struggle of Empires</i> (2004), ...
    • Results based management in fisheries: Delegating responsibility to resource users 

      Nielsen, Kåre Nolde; Holm, Petter; Aschan, Michaela (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-10-31)
      While the notion of results based management has been devoted recent attention in the context of reforming European fisheries management, it remains unclear what it entails. A conceptual model of results based management in fisheries is proposed as a way for public authorities to delegate specific management and documentation responsibilities to resource users. The model comprises three ...
    • Rettslig rammeverk for norsk havbruksnæring - Kartlegging av dagens status 

      Solås, Ann-Magnhild; Hersoug, Bjørn; Andreassen, Otto; Tveterås, Ragnar; Osmundsen, Tonje; Sørgård, Bjørn; Karlsen, Kine Mari; Asche, Frank; Robertsen, Roy (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2015-06-12)
      Ambisjoner om videre vekst i norsk havbruksnæring har vært hyppig uttalt, både av næringen selv, og av skiftende regjeringer. Sentralt er at næringen skal gis muligheten til vekst, så lenge det skjer innenfor miljømessige bærekraftige rammer. Dette kan betraktes som en politisk målsetting for norsk havbruksnæring. Men næringens muligheter for vekst avgjøres ikke av politiske målsettinger alene. Andre ...
    • A review of bioeconomic modelling of habitat-fisheries interactions. 

      Foley, Naomi; Armstrong, Claire W.; Kahui, Viktoria; Mikkelsen, Eirik Inge; Reithe, Siv (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      This paper reviews the bioeconomic literature on habitat-fisheries connections. Many such connections have been explored in the bioeconomic literature; however, missing from the literature is an analysis merging the potential influences of habitat on both fish stocks and fisheries into one general, overarching theoretical model. We attempt to clarify the nature of linkages between the function of ...
    • The right to be part of nature - indigenous peoples and the environment 

      Ørebech, Peter (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2013)
      Book review of Leena Heinämäkis book from 2010. Rovaniemi: Lapland University Press. 380 p, softcover.
    • Riparian plant litter quality increases with latitude 

      Boyero, Luz; Graca, Manuel A S; Tonin, Alan M; Perez, Javier; Swafford, Andrew J; Ferreira, Veronica; Landeira-Dabarca, Andrea; Alexandrou, Markos A; Gessner, Mark O.; McKie, Brendan G.; Albarino, Ricardo J; Barmuta, Leon A; Callisto, Marcos; Chara, Julian; Chauvet, Eric; Dudgeon, David; Encalada, Andrea C; Figueroa, Ricardo; Flecker, Aleksander, S.; Fleituch, Tadeusz; Frainer, André; Goncalves, Jose F; Helson, Julie E; Iwata, Tomoya; Mathooko, Jude; M'Erimba, Charles; Pringle, Catherine; Ramírez, Alonso; Swan, Christopher M; Yule, Catherine M; Pearson, Richard G (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-09-05)
      Plant litter represents a major basal resource in streams, where its decomposition is partly regulated by litter traits. Litter-trait variation may determine the latitudinal gradient in decomposition in streams, which is mainly microbial in the tropics and detritivore-mediated at high latitudes. However, this hypothesis remains untested, as we lack information on large-scale trait variation for ...
    • Risk assessment of radioactivity in Food. Opinion of the Scientific Committee of the Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food Safety, VKM report 2017:25 

      Alexander, Jan; Brantsæter, Anne Lise; Brunborg, Gunnar; Fæste, Christiane Kruse; Jaworska, Alicja; Komperød, Mari; Lillegaard, Inger Therese L.; Rosseland, Carola; Skuterud, Lavrans; Andersen, Lene Frost; Elvevoll, Edel Oddny; Hjeltnes, Brit; Hofshagen, Merete; Krogdahl, Åshild; Källqvist, Torsten; Sorteberg, Hilde-Gunn Opsahl; Rafoss, Trond; Skaar, Ida; Skåre, Janneche Utne; Steffensen, Inger-Lise; Vandvik, Vigdis; Wasteson, Yngvild; Hemre, Gro Ingunn (Research report, 2017-08-23)
      Since 1986, the management of radioactive contamination in food and feed in Norway has been driven mainly by the Chernobyl Disaster follow-up. Monitoring and countermeasures are still in place to reduce the exposure to the population. The Norwegian Food Safety Authority is in the process of revising the maximum levels (MLs) for radioactive substances in drinking water and food and establishing ...
    • The risk of development of antimicrobial resistance with the use of coccidiostats in poultry diets. Opinion of the Panel on Animal Feed of the Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food Safety 

      Nesse, Live Lingaas; Bakke, Anne Marie; Eggen, Trine; Hoel, Kristian; Kaldhusdal, Magne; Ringø, Einar; Yazdankhah, Siamak Pour (Research report, 2015-12-14)
      Antimikrobielle midler har revolusjonert medisinen i det 20. århundre ved å gi effektiv behandling mot infeksjonssykdommer. Mikroorganismer har imidlertid evnen til å utvikle reistens mot slike stoffer. Bruk av antimikrobielle midler bidrar til utvikling av resistente stammer. Det er viktig å forsøke å hindre resistens mot antimikrobielle stoffer som vi er avhengige av for behandling av smittsomme ...
    • Screening for antibacterial and antifungal activities in marine benthic invertebrates from northern Norway 

      Tadesse, Margey; Gulliksen, Bjørn; Strøm, Morten B.; Styrvold, Olaf B.; Haug, Tor (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2008-06-18)
      Benthic marine invertebrates collected from sub-Arctic regions of northern Norway, were found to be a promising source of novel bioactive compounds against human and fish pathogenic bacteria and fungi. Lyophilized material from seven species of ascidians, six sponges and one soft alcyonid coral were extracted with 60% acidified acetonitrile (ACN). After separation into an ACN-rich phase (ACN extract) ...
    • Seafood from a changing Arctic 

      Troell, Max; Eide, Arne; Isaksen, John Roald; Hermansen, Øystein; Crépin, Anne-Sophie (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-10-27)
      We review current knowledge about climate change impacts on Arctic seafood production. Large-scale changes in the Arctic marine food web can be expected for the next 40–100 years. Possible future trajectories under climate change for Arctic capture fisheries anticipate the movement of aquatic species into new waters and changed the dynamics of existing species. Negative consequences are ...