Now showing items 337-356 of 372

    • Terra nullius, Inuit Habitation and Norse Occupation with Special Emphasis on the 1933 East Greenland Case 

      Ørebech, Peter Thomas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-05)
      Sovereignty acquired by occupation entails “recognize[d] title based on discovery,” “a reasonable period [of] … effective occupation of the region claimed to be discovered” and “the continuous and peaceful display of State authority.” Only terra nullius is subject to occupation. A territory inhabited by indigenous groups that sustain social and political organization may impede an occupying power ...
    • Th17 master transcription factors RORα and RORγ regulate the expression of IL-17C, IL-17D and IL-17F in Cynoglossus semilaevis 

      Chi, Heng; Bøgwald, Jarl; Dalmo, Roy Ambli; Zhang, Wenjie; Hu, Yong-hua (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-11-10)
      The RAR-related orphan receptors (RORs) are members of the nuclear receptor family of intracellular transcription factors. In this study, we examined the regulatory properties of RORα (CsRORα) and RORγ (CsRORγ) in tongue sole (Cynoglossus semilaevis). CsRORα and CsRORγ expression was detected in major lymphoid organs and altered to significant extents after bacterial and viral infection. CsRORα ...
    • Torsk fra merd: Pre-rigor produksjon av loins med skinn 

      Kristoffersen, Silje; Kristiansen, Frank; Eilertsen, Guro; Olsen, Ragnar Ludvig (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2009-03)
      I dette forsøket ble torsk fanget levende og lagret i merd hvor den ble fôret med hhv. lodde og kommersielt torskefôr i 3 måneder. Etter skånsom slakting og utblødning i 30 minutter, ble fisken sløyd og de biologiske data registrert før maskinell filetering enten pre-rigor (innen 2 timer etter død) og post-rigor (etter 4 dagers is-lagring av sløyd fisk). Det ble produsert ryggfileter (Loins) enten ...
    • Total Catch of a Red-Listed Marine Species Is an Order of Magnitude Higher than Official Data 

      Kleiven, Alf Ring; Olsen, Esben Moland; Vølstad, Jon Helge (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Accurate information on total catch and effort is essential for successful fisheries management. Officially reported landings, however, may be underestimates of total catch in many fisheries. We investigated the fishery for the nationally red-listed European lobster (Homarus gammarus) in south-eastern Norway. Probability-based strip transect surveys were used to count buoys in the study area in ...
    • Trading off co-produced marine ecosystem services: Natural resource industries versus other use and non-use ecosystem service values 

      Aanesen, Margrethe; Armstrong, Claire W. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-03-22)
      Ecosystem services (ESs) may be both non-market and market based. Both may provide important input to societal welfare. Using natural resources, or converting nature in the development of market based ES may impact the access to non-market or more conservationist ES, and vice versa. How does the general public trade-off between these two types of ES? We use two valuation studies in Northern Norway ...
    • Trading Off Tourism for Fisheries 

      Xuan, Bui Bich; Armstrong, Claire W. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-08-22)
      This paper presents a deterministic bioeconomic model in which the creation of a marine protected area (MPA) is not only a fisheries management tool but also introduced in order to provide tourism amenity benefits. The theoretical model is illustrated with analysis of the Nha Trang Bay (NTB) MPA in Khanh Hoa province in Vietnam, where the anchovy purse seine fishery is considered. An amenity value ...
    • Trained Innate Immunity of Fish Is a Viable Approach in Larval Aquaculture 

      Zhang, Zuobing; Chi, Heng; Dalmo, Roy Ambli (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-25)
      The general understanding has been that only adaptive immunity is capable of immunological memory, but this concept has been challenged in recent years by studies showing that innate immune systems can mount resistance to reinfection—as the innate immune system can adapt its function following an insult. Innate immune training offers an attractive approach in intensive fish larval rearing, especially ...
    • Transcription factor T-bet in Atlantic salmon: characterization and gene expression in mucosal tissues during Aeromonas salmonicida infection 

      Kumari, Jaya; Zhang, Zuobing; Swain, Trilochan; Chi, Heng; Niu, Cuijuan; Bøgwald, Jarl; Dalmo, Roy Ambli (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-07-06)
      The T-box transcription factor T-bet is expressed in a number of hematopoietic cell types in mammals and plays an essential role in the lineage determination of Th1 T-helper cells and is considered as an essential feature for both innate and adaptive immune responses in higher vertebrates. In the present study, we have identified and characterized the full-length Atlantic salmon T-bet cDNA (3502 ...
    • Transcription of reference genes used for quantitative RT-PCR in Atlantic salmon is affected by viral infection 

      Jørgensen, Jorunn B (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      Relative quantification using RT-qPCR is a widely used method for transcription profiling. Transcript levels of target genes in fish after experimental infection is often reported without documentation of stably transcribed reference genes. We present results demonstrating that transcription of typically used reference genes in Atlantic salmon is not stable during experimental infection with salmon ...
    • Transcriptome analyses of Atlantic salmon muscle genes induced by a DNA vaccine against salmonid alphavirus, the causative agent of salmon pancreas disease (PD) 

      Sobhkhez, Mehrdad; Krasnov, Aleksei; Robertsen, Børre (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-01)
      Salmonid alphavirus (SAV) is the causative agent of pancreas disease (PD) in farmed Atlantic salmon. A previous study showed that vaccination of pre-smolt salmon with a plasmid encoding the structural polypeptide of SAV gave protection against infection and development of PD accompanied by production of antibodies against the virus. In the present work we analyzed transcript responses in the muscle ...
    • Transcriptome analysis of plasmid-induced genes sheds light on the role of type I IFN as adjuvant in DNA vaccine against infectious salmon anemia virus 

      Sobhkhez, Mehrdad; Krasnov, Aleksei; Chang, Chia Jung; Robertsen, Børre (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-11-21)
      A previous study showed that a plasmid expressing IFNa (pIFNa) strongly enhanced protection and antibody production of a DNA vaccine against infectious salmon anemia virus (ISAV) in Atlantic salmon. The vaccine consisted of a plasmid (pHE) expressing the virus hemagglutinin-esterase as an antigen. To increase the understanding of the adjuvant effect of pIFNa, we here compared transcriptome responses ...
    • The transformation of the oceans and the future of marine social science 

      Arbo, Peter; Knol, Maaike; Linke, Sebastian; St. Martin, Kevin John (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-04-13)
      The oceans have become a juncture of great visions of blue growth as well as strong environmental concern. This paper discusses the essential role of the social sciences as the oceans increasingly emerge as a contested social arena. The marine social sciences have generated a vast knowledge about the development of fisheries and the implications of fisheries policies on coastal communities. We review ...
    • Transforming conflicts from the bottom-up? Reflections on civil society efforts to empower marginalized fishers in postwar Sri Lanka 

      Scholtens, Joeri; Bavinck, Jan Maarten (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      We analyze the efforts of an international consortium of academics and activists to understand and address a transnational fisheries conflict in South Asia. The so-called REINCORPFISH project (2010–2016) focused on an asymmetrical conflict between trawler fishers from the Indian state of Tamil Nadu who frequently transgress into Sri Lankan waters and northern Sri Lankan fishers, whose livelihoods ...
    • Transgene and immune gene expression following intramuscular injection of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) with DNA-releasing PLGA nano- and microparticles 

      Hølvold, Linn Benjaminsen; Fredriksen, Børge Nilsen; Bøgwald, Jarl; Dalmo, Roy Ambli (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      The use of poly-(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic) acid (PLGA) particles as carriers for DNA delivery has received considerable attention in mammalian studies. DNA vaccination of fish has been shown to elicit durable transgene expression, but no reports exist on intramuscular administration of PLGA-encapsulated plasmid DNA (pDNA). We injected Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) intramuscularly with a plasmid ...
    • Triage of women with ASC-US/LSIL cytology: The added value of implementation of an HPV-test 

      Msomphora, Mbachi Ruth; Sørbye, Sveinung Wergeland; Gutteberg, Tore Jarl; Skjeldestad, Finn Egil (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2013)
      This study has an historical prospective design by including in retrospect all screening- and follow-up tests for women aged 25 to 69 years old kept by the Department of Clinical Pathology, University Hospital of Northern Norway, Tromsø. All women with a first ASC-US/LSIL smear in 1996-98 and 2006-08 were identified and compared on outcomes such as proportion of cases resolved within 35 months of ...
    • Two Isomeric C16 Oxo-Fatty Acids from the Diatom Chaetoceros karianus Show Dual Agonist Activity towards Human Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors (PPARs) α/γ 

      Moldes-Anaya, Angel; Sæther, Thomas; Uhlig, Silvio; Nebb, Hilde Irene; Larsen, Terje; Eilertsen, Hans Christian; Paulsen, Steinar Martin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-05-25)
      The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) function as ligand-activated transcription factors that convert signals in the form of lipids to physiological responses through the activation of metabolic target genes. Due to their key roles in lipid and carbohydrate metabolism, the PPARs are important drug targets. However, for several of the PPAR drugs currently in use, adverse side effects ...
    • Under the canopy: Community-wide effects of invasive algae in Marine Protected Areas revealed by metabarcoding 

      Wangensteen Fuentes, Owen Simon; Cebrian, Emma; Palacín, Creu; Turon, Xavier (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-12-21)
      We analysed with multigene (18S and COI) metabarcoding the effects of the proliferation of invasive seaweeds on rocky littoral communities in two Spanish Marine Protected Areas. The invasive algae studied were <i>Caulerpa cylindracea</i>, <i>Lophocladia lallemandii</i> and <i>Asparagopsis armata</i>. They are canopy-forming, landscape-dominant seaweeds, and we were interested in their effects on the ...
    • Understanding and predicting size selection in diamond-mesh cod ends for Danish seining: a study based on sea trials and computer simulations 

      Herrmann, Bent; Krag, Ludvig Ahm; Feekings, Jordan; Noack, Thomas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-06-28)
      Danish seining is an important fishing method used to harvest demersal species. Knowledge about the size selectivity of different demersal species with this type of fishing gear is therefore of importance for managing the exploitation of marine resources. However, there are only limited data on size selection in cod ends in this fishery. Sea trials were therefore carried out to collect size selectivity ...
    • Understanding the Size Selectivity of Redfish (Sebastes spp.) in North Atlantic Trawl Codends 

      Herrmann, Bent; Sistiaga, Manu Berrondo; Nielsen, Kåre Nolde; Larsen, Roger B. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      The majority of trawl selectivity studies for the three redfish species of particular commercial importance in North Atlantic fisheries: Sebastes marinus, Sebastes mentella and Sebastes fasciatus, are based on data collected from diamond mesh codends with mesh sizes ranging from 88 mm to 147 mm. We demonstrate how results from these studies can be understood by morphological characteristics of ...
    • Use conflicts in ecosystem-based management - The case of oil versus fisheries 

      Arbo, Peter; Pham, Thi Thanh Thuy (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-01-30)
      Coastal states around the world are currently adopting an integrated and ecosystem-based approach to the management of coastal and ocean areas. The main aim is to promote resource use while protecting the integrity of the marine ecosystems. Focus is therefore on the conflict between economic development and conservation. Less attention is paid to the complex uses of the ocean and the conditions for ...