Now showing items 21-40 of 80

    • Mobbing i skolen : en litteraturgjennomgang av eksisterende forskning, og undersøkelse av skolens tiltak for å bekjempe og forebygge mobbing 

      Dalbakk, Jon Andre (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2010-05-14)
      “Alle elevar i grunnskolar og vidaregåande skolar har rett til eit godt fysisk og psykososialt miljø som fremjar helse, trivsel og læring” (Opplæringslova, 1998). Det ble gjort en litteraturgjennomgang av eksisterende forskning på feltet mobbing i forhold til nasjonale og kommunale føringer for arbeid mot mobbing i norske grunnskoler. Samtidig ble 35 grunnskoler i en stor norsk bykommune undersøkt ...
    • The relationship between perceived ethnic discrimination and ethnic identity exploration as mediated by ethnic identity crisis 

      Adubofour, Millicent (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2010-10-31)
      In the adolescent identity formation literature, negative experiences of stress in particular, gender discrimination, and difficulties with work, relationships, finances, health, and experiences with death have been associated with increased identity exploration (Anthis, 2002a,b). Despite these findings, little research has been conducted to examine the relationship between ethnic identity discrimination ...
    • Vil aldersrelaterte endringer i respirasjonsmekanismer hos middelaldrende og friske eldre påvirke utføring av kognitive verbale oppgaver? 

      Jakobsen, Mona Lovise Kvalsvik (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2010-11)
      Redusert raskhet på grunn av nedsatte psykomotoriske funksjoner ved normal aldring er velkjent og aldersrelatert nedgang påvirker kognitive mekanismer. Basert på disse faktorene, vil denne studien undersøke hvorvidt aldersrelaterte endringer i pustemekanismer påvirker nedgang i verbale ferdigheter og den sikter også å evaluere om de er assosiert med generell kognitiv fungering. 45 friske deltakere ...
    • Personality, passion, self-esteem and psychological well-being among junior elite athletes in Norway 

      Bauger, Lars (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-05-02)
      Personality research among athletes seems to have obtained less interest in recent years after much focus until the 1990s. This decline was obviously a result of ill conducted “personology” research, and a greater focus on psychological state versus trait in the sport psychology community. The present study explored personality dimensions, as measured by the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory, ...
    • Sjekkeskript for homofile og lesbiske : med internett som datingarena 

      Engum, Tove-Beate (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-09-07)
      Denne studien undersøkte sjekking på internett blant homofile menn og lesbiske kvinner. Tidligere forskning viser at sjekkeatferd rettledes av ulike sett gruppespesifikke normer og rolleforventninger, kalt seksuelle skript. Det tradisjonelle interpersonlige heteroseksuelle skriptet er kulturelt betinget, og sterkt påvirket av kjønn og kjønnsroller. Hvordan ser det da ut når to personer av samme ...
    • "Friends with benefits": En fenomenologisk studie over seksuelle relasjoner mellom venner 

      Karlsen, Monica (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-11-01)
      ”Friends with benefits” (FWB) betegner venner som har sex med hverandre uten å ha romantiske følelser eller forpliktelser ovenfor hverandre. Med utgangspunkt i seksuell skriptteori, var formålet med denne undersøkelsen å utforske FWB-fenomenet i en norsk, heteroseksuell kontekst. Forskningsmetoden som ble brukt var transendental fenomenologi. Det ble utført semistrukturelle intervjuer av tolv ...
    • Usage, reading and interpreting of nonverbal signs of erotic interest among Norwegian lesbians 

      Potapova, Elena (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-05-02)
      The main aim of the present qualitative study was to explore the means of nonverbal communication lesbian women display to signal interest/sexual attraction to a potential female partner, and what nonverbal markers of communication lesbians evaluate as signs of erotic interest when addressed to them. Different learning processes through/in which women acquire and internalize these nonverbal behaviors ...
    • Hedonic and eudaimonic well-being: an intervention study 

      Wenneberg, Cathrine (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-05-02)
      Most people want to be happy. But if happiness, or well-being, comes in different forms, which one should they pursue? Some researchers do argue that the traditional hedonic view of life satisfaction and pleasant feelings are necessary but not sufficient constituents of a good life. This alternative viewpoint contains both hedonia and eudaimonia which emphasizes personal growth and engagement. With ...
    • Effects of anodal transcranial direct current stimulation on experimentally induced heat pain in healthy volunteers 

      Vasylenko, Olena (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-05-02)
      Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive neuromodulatory technique that can reduce pain. Its side effects are milder than those of pharmacological treatments, and its analgesic effect on chronic pain has been demonstrated. In this study we investigated 1) the effects of anodal tDCS on pain intensity and threshold, 2) the placebo component of tDCS analgesic effect, and 3) ...
    • Morningness-Eveningness and Flextime Possibilities: Connections Between Circadian Rhythm, Work Day Schedule, Well-Being and Productivity 

      Stenvold, Linda Catrine (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-05-02)
      The current study aimed to investigate earlier reported connections to the morningness- eveningness dimension or flextime, and to offer an explanatory model linking these variables to well-being and productivity. Earlier findings gave the impression that it could be beneficial for both organizations and employees to have work schedules allowing employees to take their own circadian rhythm into ...
    • Testing and assessing the effects of Family-Aggression Replacement Training (Family ART) 

      Johansen, Nicholas S. (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-05-02)
      Family Aggression Replacement Training (Family ART) is an expansion of Aggression Replacement Training (ART). The purpose of Family ART is to further enhance social skills and reduce problem behaviour. This is to happen by increasing application of what is learnt in the training sessions, to settings outside that of the training, by actively involving children’s significant persons in the ART ...
    • How does contextual information affect our understanding of numerical probabilities 

      Nerva, Erik Yngvar (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-05-02)
      Numerical probabilities representing health risks or treatment benefits are constantly communicated to the general public. These probabilities are often embedded in contextual information in the form of a personal patient narrative or newscasts. Previous research suggest that people’s perceptions of risk will be greater when probability information is communicated along with contextual information. ...
    • A matter of competence, integrity or (dis)honesty? How academic faculty understand and manage student cheating 

      Pedersen, Tony (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-05-02)
      Academic plagiarism and cheating have received increasing attention in recent years, but the schools traditional rules and regulations on how to punish this type of infraction has not been updated in relation to how society treats other types of foul play. Previous research has traditionally studied cheating from two perspectives: moral and legal. The aim of this study was to document a third ...
    • Eksplisitte og implisitte holdninger mot homofile og lesbiske 

      Andreassen, Kine Kjelstrup (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-10-03)
      Forskning på nordmenns holdninger mot homofile og lesbiske individer viser til funn i uoverensstemmelse. På den ene siden viser spørreundersøkelser gjort blant den norske befolkning til nøytrale eller positive holdninger mot denne menneskegruppen. På den annen side viser rapporter om homofile og lesbiske, så vel som studier gjort blant skoleungdom, til negative holdninger mot homofile og lesbiske. ...
    • The association between dexterity and cognitive functioning in healthy elderly: A kinematic analysis 

      Eriksen, Mari Lise (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-11-08)
      Aging has a degenerative effect on hand function and cognition. After the age of 65, most healthy elders experience sensorimotor changes and cognitive declines of various kinds which can make activities of everyday life a challenge. To our knowledge, few studies have investigated the possible interplay between cognitive function and dexterity in the elderly. The purpose of the present study was to ...
    • Psychometric validity and reliability of the Social Skills Improvement System-Rating Scales (SSIS-RS) 

      Klaussen, Thor; Rasmussen, Lene-Mari P. (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2013-04-30)
      The Social Skills Improvement System-Rating Scales (SSIS-RS: Gresham & Elliott, 2008) assesses social skills and problem behavior in children and adolescents from three perspectives (teacher, parent, and student). The SSIS-RS is a revised version of the Social Skills Rating System (SSRS: Gresham & Elliott, 1990). Both instruments have been validated in the US. In Norway, a Norwegian translation of ...
    • Sosial persepsjonstrening (SPT): Et forebyggende intervensjonstiltak for utvikling av sosial kompetanse hos barn og ungdom. 

      Solstad, Heidi; Varhaug, Lise (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2013-05-02)
      Sosial persepsjonstrening (SPT) er et intervensjonsprogram der målet er å fremme sosial kompetanse og å forebygge problematferd hos barn og ungdom. Hovedmålet i SPT er å lære deltakerne hvordan man tolker en sosial situasjon, og å lære dem å bruke sosialt akseptert atferd, ved å trene på sosiale ferdigheter, sosial utøvelse og empatisk forståelse. Det foreligger til nå ingen publisert forskning på ...
    • Spatial cognition of emotional faces : how fast is our brain? 

      Hopmann, Karen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2013-05-02)
      There are two different routes in the brain that deal with the processing of sensory information and initiate a response. One fast route, the dorsal magnocellular pathway, involves structures like the amygdala and starts a rapid and automatic fear reaction, necessary in so-called fight-or-flight situations. The other route comprises the neocortex, initiating a slower response via the parvocellular ...
    • Does experiencing nature and poetry separately or together affect our emotions and feelings of interest and restorativeness differently? 

      Norberg, Sigrid Schøning (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2013-05-14)
      This study explored how presence of art in a natural environment is experienced, and if combining these elements would improve or impair the experience compared to experiencing the elements separately. Quantitative methods with an experimental between groups design were used, with three conditions (Pure Nature, Pure Poetry, Combined Nature+Poetry). Of the participants, 65% were women. In the Pure ...
    • Verbal Measure, or Graphic Measure, or Both? Psychometric Study of Organizational Identification 

      Moksness, Lars (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2014-04-25)
      For å måle organisasjonsidentitet undersøkte dette forskningsprosjektet vitenskapelige ansatte ved et norsk universitet (N = 74), og ansatte i et norsk multinasjonalt selskap (N = 244). Tidligere forskning, rollen til sosial identitetsteori i organisasjonsidentitet, og en gjennomgang av målemetoder ble presentert. Data ble samlet inn med Identification with a Psychological Group Scale (IDPG) som ...