A Victim-Centred Approach to Combatting Human Trafficking. How different interpretations and understandings of human trafficking can impact the work of the actors fighting this crime and threaten the human rights of the victims.
As one of the leading international crimes in the world, human trafficking has gained much attention in the past decades. While a lot of research has been conducted on the needs of the victims and has taken the perpetrators of the crime has a main actor, the present research focuses on the human rights violations committed against the victims by the actors who work to protect them. The actors in focus are the NGOs working against trafficking, the law enforcement, service providers such as medical personals, as well as politicians and the media. While their aim is to protect victims, previous research found that misidentification of victims as such is common and detrimental to the wellbeing of victims. Often treated as criminals, victims do not enjoy the rights they are entitled to and that are crucial to their wellbeing and reintegration. In order to understand why improper identifications and human rights violations are so common, the present study put a particular focus of the issue of different interpretations of the crime and its victims by different actors working towards the same goals. We then asked how is this crime interpreted by the actors during the victims identification process, how do these interpretations impact the work of the actors and how do they impact the victims and their human rights. Through interviews and observations conducted during the fieldwork in Chicago, and through analyses of existing research and reports, we established that there were many different interpretations and understandings of human trafficking among the actors. We suggest that such different understandings are a threat to the practical work of the actors, especially regarding victim identification, which leads to the violations of human rights of the victims who are entitled to many services as stated in international documents and legislations of the United States.
ForlagUiT Norges arktiske universitet
UiT The Arctic University of Norway
Følgende lisensfil er knyttet til denne innførselen:
Viser innførsler relatert til tittel, forfatter og emneord.
Matamoros Pineda, Jennifer (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2016-05-23)The isolated condition in which many indigenous peoples live in the Amazon magnifies their vulnerability to human rights violations and abuses, and challenge the states, as duty bearers, to guarantee and protect fundamental human rights for peoples who do not want to be part of state zones. This dissertation pursues to analyse how the implementation of the existing human rights legal framework and ...
Fábregas, Antonio; Marín, Rafael (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)Most of the literature devoted to the study of deverbal nominalizations concentrates on the complex event reading (La concentración de partículas tiene lugar a temperatura ambiente, ‘The concentration of particles takes place at room temperature’) and the object reading (El paciente tenía concentraciones de calcio en el hombro, ‘The patient had calcium concentrations in the shoulder’), while ...