Now showing items 31-40 of 51
Cochrane Collaboration Systematic Reviews may be based on trials not approved by a research ethics committee
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-10-27)
Systematic reviews (SR) may potentially contain reports of primary trials with ethical problems. The Cochrane Collaboration SRs are considered as the highest standard in evidence-based health care resources. All SRs completed during the last 5 years (2013–2017) under the management of the Oral Health Group of the Cochrane Collaboration were identified. All primary trials included in the Oral Health ...
The approval of clinical research by an independent ethics committee – a compulsory requirement and not a matter of the investigator's choosing
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2017)
Effects of the Conceptual Model of Health Literacy as a Risk: A Randomised Controlled Trial in a Clinical Dental Context
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-08-01)
Numerous conceptual models of health literacy have been proposed in the literature, but very few have been empirically validated in clinical contexts. The aim of this study was to test the effects of the conceptual model of health literacy as a risk in a clinical dental context. A convenience sample of 133 Norwegian-speaking adults was recruited. Participants were randomly allocated to an intervention ...
Frequency of visits and examinations in the Public Dental Service in Finland - a retrospective analysis, 2001-2013
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-11-28)
Background:<br> This study aimed to investigate longitudinally examination and visiting patterns in the Finnish Public Dental Service (PDS) and to relate these to patients’ treatment needs and international recommendations on examination intervals. <br> Methods: <br> Data on patients and their dental visits in the period 2001–2013 were collected from five municipal PDS-units serving a total ...
Long-Term Effect of Erythritol on Dental Caries Development during Childhood: A Posttreatment Survival Analysis
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-12)
Objective: Assess the effect of daily consumption of erythritol, xylitol, and sorbitol candies on caries development in mixed dentition during a three-year intervention and three years after the intervention. Methods: 485 Estonian first and second grade primary school children participated. Children were randomly allocated to an erythritol, xylitol, or sorbitol (control) group. Polyol-containing ...
Capping carious exposures in adults: a randomized controlled trial investigating mineral trioxide aggregate versus calcium hydroxide
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-11-28)
Aim:<br> The aim of this multicentre, parallel-group randomized clinical trial was to compare the effectiveness of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and a conventional calcium hydroxide liner (CH) as direct pulp capping materials in adult molars with carious pulpal exposure.<br> Methodology:<br> Seventy adults aged 18–55 years were randomly allocated to two parallel arms: MTA (White ProRoot, ...
Light-curing units used in dentistry: factors associated with heat development – potential risk for patients
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-10-01)
Objectives:<br>To investigate how heat development in the pulp chamber and coronal surface of natural teeth with and without cusps subjected to irradiance using light-emitting diode (LED)–light-curing units (LCUs) is associated with (i) irradiance, (ii) time, (iii) distance, and (iv) radiant exposure.<br> Materials and methods:<br>Three different LED-LCUs were used. Their irradiance was measured ...
Dental anxiety: A comparison of students of dentistry, biology and psychology
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-09-23)
Dental anxiety is an important challenge for many patients and clinicians. It is thus of importance to know more about dental students’ own experiences with dental anxiety and their understanding of dental anxiety. The aim was to investigate differences in dental anxiety levels between dental students, psychology students, and biology students at a Norwegian university.
Language of motivation and emotion in an internet support group for smoking cessation: Explorative use of automated content analysis to measure regulatory focus
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
The present study describes a novel approach to the identification of the motivational processes in text data extracted from an Internet support group (ISG) for smoking cessation. Based on the previous findings that a “prevention” focus might be more relevant for maintaining behavior change, it was hypothesized that 1) language use (ie, the use of emotional words) signaling a “promotion” focus would ...
Investigational Clinical Trial of a Prototype Optoelectronic Computer-Aided Navigation Device for Dental Implant Surgery
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-06)
Purpose: New digital technologies enable real-time computer-aided (CA) three-dimensional (3D) guidance during dental implant surgery. The aim of this investigational clinical trial was to demonstrate the safety and effectiveness of a prototype optoelectronic CA-navigation device in comparison with the conventional approach for planning and effecting dental implant surgery. Materials and Methods: ...