Now showing items 1-10 of 43
Et eksperimentelt studium av kreftceller fra livmorhals - Strålesensitivitet, effektutvikling og cGMP nivåer
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-06)
I denne oppgaven ble kreftceller fra livmorhals bestrålt med gammastråler. Strålingens effekt på celletetthet, celledød og cellesyklus ble undersøkt for å si noe om disse cellenes strålesensitivitet. Den ekstracellulære konsentrasjonen av cGMP ble også målt. Dette sykliske nukleotidet har relevans fordi det har vist seg at nivået av cGMP går ned etter behandling hos pasienter med livmorhalskreft.
Molecular characterization of Norwegian clinical isolates of Escherichia coli hyperproducing the chromosomal AmpC beta-lactamase : a regional spread of an IS911-mediated blaAmpC-hyperexpressing ST131 clone
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-05-15)
The worldwide dissemination of antimicrobial resistance is a growing problem causing increased morbidity, mortality, and financial costs. β-lactams are an important family of antimicrobial agents and accounts for ~46% of the total antibiotic use for systemic infections in Norway. Resistance to β-lactams can be caused by several factors where the production of enzymes, β-lactamases, is the major ...
Prevalence of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance in Norwegian and Swedish clinical isolates of Escherchia coli and Klebsiella spp.
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-06-12)
The aim of this study was to examine the presence of plasmid-mediated qnr and aac(6')-Ib-cr resistance genes among Escherichia coli and Klebsiella spp. clinical isolates obtained between 2003 and 2005 from Norway and Sweden and showed resistance and/or reduced susceptibility to nalidixic acid and ciprofloxacin, respectively. Prevalence of the qnr (1.6%) and aac(6’)-Ib-cr (14.1%) determinants was ...
Real-time polymerase chain reaction species specific for Neisseria Gonorrhoeae
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-05)
Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease caused by bacteria called gonococci. The disease was described in ancient times, but until the late nineteenth century it was mixed up with syphilis. Eventually microscopy could differ between the organisms and give a reliable diagnosis. Human is the only known reservoir for gonorrhea. It is transferred during all acts of sexual activity, and an infection ...
Downstream gene expression of wild type p53 tumor suppressor gene versus mutated and null p53
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2006-11)
P53 is a key tumor suppressor and transcription factor protecting us from cancer. The wild type p53 protein functions as a regulatory protein, triggering a variety of cellular responses to different signals. Activation of p53 can lead to cell division arrest, DNA repair, or apoptosis. More than 60% of all human cancers contain p53 mutations. P53 is also reported in many studies to play a role in the ...
Oncolytic Activity and Mechanisms of Action by a small β2,2-amino acid derivative LTX-401
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-05-11)
Antimicrobial peptides are part of the innate immune defence of many organisms and represent a novel class of therapeutics due to their broad-spectrum activities, including cytotoxic activity against cancer cells. It has recently been reported that small antimicrobial β2,2-amino acid derivatives (Mw<500), such as LTX-401, possess potent anticancer activity against Ramos human Burkitt’s lymphoma ...
The antioxidant system of arctic seabirds and the effect of HOCs on antioxidant capacity of kidney tissue
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2010-06-15)
The arctic is exposed to a wide range of pollutants which originate from industrialized areas located in temperate regions. Halogenated organic contaminants (HOCs) are of special concern due to their persistency and ability to bioaccumulate. Consequently, animals high in the food chain, such as marine seabirds, are prone to accumulate high levels of these compounds. The HOCs are known to increase ...
A molecular genetic study investigating the role of maternal and placental laeverin gene mutation and fetal whole genome copy number variations in the pathophysiology of preeclampsia
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-11-29)
Summary Preeclampsia is a clinical syndrome affecting only pregnant women and is defined as new onset of hypertension and proteinuria after 20 weeks of gestation. Approximately, 2-7 % of all pregnant women in the developed world are affected by this condition and it is a major cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Despite intensive research the pathophysiology of preeclampsia is not ...
The effect of sub-lethal concentration of ciprofloxacin on the transfer of multidrug resistance plasmids, fitness costs on the host and the stability of the newly acquired plasmids
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2014-09-30)
The increase in reported cases of antimicrobial resistance has raised a lot of concerns in the public health community. This has prompted efforts aimed at finding out factors that have been contributing to this situation. In Gram-negative bacteria plasmids have been singled out as the most important vehicles behind the spread of antimicrobial resistance. Some plasmids can harbour several resistance ...
The role of MMP-2 and MMP-14 in cell migration and invasion
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2014-02-03)
Cancer is becoming a global epidemic in recent times and can affect different organs in the body and even more worrying is that they do not have a common cause. Several factors have been implicated in the onset and spread of cancers, one of which are the metalloproteinases (MMPs). The MMPs utilize the same strategy they employ in normal physiological processes in pathology, thus creating a dilemma ...