Now showing items 1-10 of 186
Coffee as a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. A literature study
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2016-07-28)
Coffee is the most widely drunk beverage around the world, especially within Scandinavia.However, there have been conflicting evidence on the consumption of coffee as a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. The importance to explore the full effects of coffee related health problems, including brewing methods, is mainly due to the high consumption rate of coffee around the world. In the context ...
The association between socioeconomic conditions in childhood and risk of self-reported ischemic heart disease in middle-aged Norwegian women. The Norwegian Women and Cancer Study (NOWAC)
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-10-11)
Background: Ischemic heart disease is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. It is a chronic disease found to be socioeconomically patterned, and declining rates over the past few decades seems to benefit the most advantaged socioeconomic group, creating a greater difference between the most disadvantaged social group and the most advantageous group. Early life exposures have been ...
Age at menarche. The reproducibility of self-reported menarcheal age and the association between age at menarche and total- and cardiovascular mortality - The Tromsø Study
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2016-03-22)
Background: The possible relationships between age at menarche and total as well as cardiovascular mortality has been investigated, but has not been established. Aim: The first aim was to investigate the reproducibility of self-reported menarcheal age from 1986-1987 (Tromsø 3) to 1994-1995 (Tromsø 4). The second aim was to examine the association between age at menarche and cardiovascular- or ...
The diet and high blood selenium concentrations. A study of battery repair workers in the Ashanti region of Ghana.
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2016-04-26)
This study is based on an earlier study on the assessment of the bioavailability of inorganic elements among battery repair workers in the Ashanti Region of Ghana, which revealed high blood concentrations of selenium, lead and antimony. Selenium is obtained mainly through the diet in the form of food and dietary supplements. The purpose of this study was to investigate the food patterns of the battery ...
Cigarette smoking and pancreatic cancer risk in 83 500 Norwegian men and women
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2017-05-14)
Objective: To investigate the association between cigarette smoking and the risk of developing pancreatic cancer and if the risk differed for male- and female smokers. Methods: For our statistical analysis, using data from the Norwegian Counties Study, Cox proportional hazards model was used to obtain age-adjusted and multivariate hazard ratios with 95% confidence intervals for obtaining risk ...
The prevalence and tracking of overweight and obesity in a cohort of youths. Natural development of body mass index from childhood to adolescence. A sub study of the Fit Futures cohort.
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2013-05-01)
Objectives: The purpose of this master project was to: obtain height and weight data at three measuring points (2-4 years of age, preschool age and adolescence) in a Norwegian cohort of youths, to estimate prevalence rates of weight classes, describe the natural development of body mass index (BMI) from childhood to adolescence, and to investigate to what extent tracking of overweight and obesity ...
The association between whole blood mercury and the risk of developing CVD among the Greenlandic population
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2017-05-15)
Introduction: The World Health Organization, estimated that 17.5 million people died from cardiovascular disease (CVD) in 2012 alone, accounting for 30% of global deaths and serving as the number one cause of death globally. Environmental pollutants, such as heavy metals (e.g. mercury) and persistent organic pollutants (POPs) (e.g. polychlorinated biphenyl (PCBs), may contribute to the burden of ...
Personer med funksjonsnedsettelser og livskvalitet, tilfredshet med livet og fremtidstro
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2016-05-13)
Bakgrunn: Forskning på personer med funksjonsnedsettelser er et lite berørt område. En rekke indikatorer på levekår er lite belyst hos personer med funksjonsnedsettelser, og tidligere forskning tyder på at personer med funksjonsnedsettelser scorer lavere på noen levekårsfaktorer enn funksjonsfriske. Formål: Formålet med studien er å beskrive og sammenlikne livskvalitet, tilfredshet med ...
Beyond diagnoses: The importance of social circumstances and lifestyle factors in explaining health-related quality of life and subjective well-being
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-08-01)
Background: There exist different descriptive system for reporting Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) and Subjective Well-being (SWB). Comparisons of results obtained from respondents shows not only diseases or health status that influence the result, but also social circumstance and behavioural factors are important to consider when analysing the results obtained when measuring HRQoL and ...
Saturated fatty acid intakes and the risk of myocardial infarction in women. A prospective cohort study
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2016-05-23)
Some recent researches about relationships between dietary fat and the risk of cardiovascular disease revealed contrasting results with the lipid hypothesis. The primary object of this study was to explore the risk of non-fatal (self-reported) myocardial infarction in relation to saturated fat consumption. We used food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to measure saturated fat intake