|dc.description.abstract||Using the perspective of the role of fear in security and identity-based conflicts, I was motivated to investigate in this thesis how peace actors strive to be actively involved in peacemaking in Israel. The main objective of this thesis is to gain insight in the activities of Peace Now in light of the second Intifadah 2000-2004, and disorientation of peace camp. If successful, the results of this thesis might have an impact on creating space for my further work in the realm of conflict resolution and civil society peace work.
I approached the problem of security and identity, by analyzing how Israelis and Palestinians perceive violence, peace and conflict. Subsequently, based on theoretical framework, I stressed how fear and distrust influenced the identity formation of Israelis and Palestinians. Because identity was not approached properly, the failure of peace process happened. Other reason that influenced this collapse was an increase of Palestinian terrorism, perceived as a backlash to the peace camp initiative in Israel.
Therefore, in this thesis I tried to provide a more nuanced and comprehensive understanding of the problem of identities and how they relate to the security within the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. In particular I was concerned with the dynamics of identity formation within the actor Peace Now and its consequences for its peace work.||en