Now showing items 11-30 of 58

    • Demand analysis of the Chinese whitefish market 

      Balachandran, Adrian (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2016-11-30)
      A demand analysis of the Chinese whitefish market was done, using Chinese import data provided by Norwegian Seafood Council. The main whitefish species of Alaska Pollock, Cod, Haddock, Coalfish and Hake was studied using the LA/AIDS model. Alaska Pollock is the cheapest of the whitefish species, and it has the largest market share, of an average of 50 percent of all Chinese whitefish imports. Because ...
    • Demand Analysis of the Whitefish Market in the EU - Has Pangasius Taken Over Market Shares in the Whitefish Market? 

      Hellandsjø, Lena Victoria (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-11-30)
      The market for seafood has changed significantly during the last couple of decades. This is mainly due to two prevailing trends, that is the stagnation in harvest of wild fish and increased production of aquaculture species. The growth in the supply of aquaculture products is caused by both new species entering the market and an increased production of already established species. Given the vast ...
    • Determinants of credit constraints in Ethiopia 

      Eshetu, Obse Muktar (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2016-06-15)
      A well-functioning financial system plays an important role in resources allocation and credit expansion, and is vital in stimulating economic growth by fueling investment and consumption. Development of efficient financial system should therefore be one of the main priorities of a developing nation such as Ethiopia. The county has achieved phenomenal economic growth over the last decades and advanced ...
    • Econometrics versus the Bookmakers. An econometric approach to sports betting 

      Hansen, Sindre Michael (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2016-06-01)
      Bruk av økonometri for å estimere sannsynligheter for ulike utfall i fotballkamper, over en Premier League sesong. Lager en modell basert på Bradley-Terry. Resultatet av estimeringene testes deretter ved å sammenligne med historisk odds satt av ulike spilltilbydere, og anvendes for hypotetiske innsatser. Modellen viser profitt.
    • The economic potential for closed cage fish farming and the total economic value of the wild salmon stock. A literature review 

      Pedersen, Christ Ulrik Alterskjær (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2016-06-22)
      The aquaculture industry has been in rapid development in the last decades. Norwegian Atlantic salmon farming has proven to be an efficient and fast growing industry. Being able to develop and utilize open net-pens on the Norwegian coastline has been a key factor for the industry. However, the open net-pen technology are facing problems with external environmental effects. These environmental problems ...
    • Electric vehicles in Norway: a cost-benefit analysis 

      Johnsen, Truls J. (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-05-31)
      This research looks at the socioeconomic effects between the procurement and use of an electric vehicle compared to a conventional vehicle under today´s policy measures. In order to get a sufficient comparison between electric and vehicles the cost-benefit analysis was chosen. The cost-benefit analysis was done in three separate scenarios, where each scenario included different variables. This was ...
    • En etterspørselsanalyse av laksemarkedet i EU. Med et spesielt blikk på lakseavtalen mellom Norge og EU 

      Thyholdt, Sverre Braathen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2007-05)
      Denne oppgaven er en etterspørselsanalyse av laksemarkedet i EU, hvor spesielt effekten av lakseavtalen mellom EU og Norge blir analysert. For å estimere effekten er det blitt brukt tre forskjellige AIDS (almost ideal demand system) modeller. Den første modellen behandler lakseavtalen som en dummyvariabel. Dummyvariabelen er en skiftvariabel som viser skiftene i etterspørselskurven lakseavtalen ...
    • En nytte- kostnadsanalyse av den mulige "flerbruksveien" i Lyngen 

      Sæther, Marit Slåen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2013-11-15)
      Denne oppgaven utfører en nytte- kostnadsanalyse av en mulig skogsvei til flerbruk i Lyngen. Flere av økosystemtjenestene i området vil kunne påvirkes av en mulig vei, og disse tjenestene blir forsøkt beskrevet, og tallfestes der det er mulig. På nyttesiden er det rekreasjonsverdi og innsparinger i terrengtransport som er de største prissatte komponentene. Investeringskostnader og vedlikeholdskostnader ...
    • En sammenligning av økonomiske teorier for regional vekst 

      Lunde, Grethe (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-05-15)
      Formålet med denne oppgaven er å sammenligne to teorier for økonomisk vekst i regioner. På den ene siden har jeg en keynesiansk tilnærming hvor jeg har benyttet en modell utledet av Thirlwall (1980). Thirlwalls modell fokuserer på etterspørselen etter eksportvarer som kilde til økonomisk vekst, hvor tilbudet i markedet tilpasser seg etterspørselen. Jeg har supplert med teori fra blant annet Kaldor ...
    • An Essay on the Significance of Economic Growth and Inequality on Human Welfare 

      Jacobsen, Martin Iver (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2017-12-22)
      When the twenty-first century began there had over several decades been developed a dominant political discourse where economic growth was the overarching objective of public policy and with the terms of that discourse reflecting a significantly changed acceptance for the market mechanism as the primary way to achieve that end. Moreover, a significant degree of inequality was not only seen as an ...
    • The Fairtrade value chain : the impact of ethical consumers in the North on producers and communities in the South 

      Myhr, Sindre (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-05-30)
      In this thesis, the value chain for Fairtrade labeled goods is examined from ethical consumers in the north to producer organizations in the south. From there, the analysis studies how the income can be shared between producers, stakeholders and communities in different scenarios. Profit functions are used in a principal-agent setting to analyze participation constraints as well as incentive ...
    • FoU – konkurranse og FoU – samarbeid, insentiver og gjennomføringsevne 

      Olsen, Leif Roger (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2010-05-18)
      Denne oppgaven tar for seg hvordan insentivene til å investere i forskning og utvikling (FoU) påvirkes av markedseffekter, og eksterne effekter i et horisontalt marked med et homogent produkt. FoU – samarbeid kan være en metode for å overkomme kostnadsbarrierer, usikkerhet, og bidra til effektiv utnyttelse av resurser gjennom å unngå duplisering av innsats. Asymmetri mellom bedrifter, kostnader ...
    • The future of Norwegian milk Production. An investment analysis of dairy farms 

      Romsaas, Ingrid (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-05-31)
      This master thesis examines the dairy industry in Norway. Since World War 2 the total number of farms and farmers has decreased. Even though the dairy sector is developing and becoming more efficient, the milk production has stagnated and led to an increase in import of dairy products. To maintain the political goals; spread settlement, preserving the cultural landscape and food security, the ...
    • Ghanaian Oil Production; A look at the future prospects for the Ghanaian population, government and businesses 

      Holst-Sverresvold, Harald (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2013-05-29)
      Ghana started their oil production in 2010. I am looking at the prospects for the Ghanaian population into the future, what they may expect. With respect to African experiences with rich natural resources, we have seen several situations where they can get caught up in the resource curse. This have several reasons, and I have tried to look at some key factors and compare these with the current ...
    • Horisontale fusjoner og innovasjon 

      Halvorsen, Knut-Åge Vargren (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-05-15)
      Denne oppgaven tar for seg en horisontal fusjon mellom 2 bedrifter i et marked med homogene produkter. Hensikten med oppgaven er å se om nivået på FoU (Forskning og Utvikling) blir påvirket av den endrede konkurransesituasjonen i markedet som en fusjon vil medføre. Modellen som ligger til grunn for analysen er hentet fra Halmenschalger (2004). Modellen er en Cournout-modell med 3 bedrifter og homogene ...
    • Hvordan kan en frittstående bedrift være konkurransedyktig i forhold til kjedene? 

      Rossebø, Tove Margareth (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2007-12-06)
      Denne oppgaven skal ta opp ulike faktorer for hvordan en frittstående bedrift kan være konkurransedyktig i forhold til kjedene. Ryktet til bedriften vil være en av de viktigste faktorene som bidrar til dette. Samtidig er service og garanti også med på å bygge opp ryktet. Hvordan dette ryktet oppnås, er først og fremst avhengig av bedriftens valg av kvalitet til produktene. Jeg har brukt en hovedmodell ...
    • Hvordan påvirker humankapital økonomisk vekst? : en teoretisk og empirisk analyse 

      Akselsen, Lin Kristin Bjørk (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2007-11-26)
      Humankapital synes å ha en klar positiv effekt for den økonomiske velstandsutviklingen i et land. Gjennom teori om utdanning, humankapital og økonomisk vekst, og datasett for viktige forklaringsvariabler som befolkningsvekst, investeringsrate og humankapital for 22 OECD-land, har jeg funnet at det er en solid sammenheng mellom utdanning og økonomisk vekst innen disse landene. Jeg trekker inn teori ...
    • Import demand elasticities for farmed salmon in the European Union and United States. 

      Lodhi, Mohsin (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-05-29)
      This research has been conducted to investigate the demand structure of farmed salmon in EU and US markets between 2002 and 2014, and moreover to find the impact of the financial crisis on the demand for farmed salmon. The analysis includes 155 monthly observations from January 2002 to November 2014 in respect of the quantity and value of farmed fresh and frozen salmon exported from Norway, Chile ...
    • In which way can the Break-Even Requirement benefit European football? A theoretical study of the contest model 

      Uglebakken, Erik Hernæs (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-06-01)
      The background of the introduction of the Break-Even Requirement (BER) by UEFA is the huge funding from rich owners and the significant debt of many professional European clubs. With the BER, the clubs gradually being forced to live within their means. Meaning that clubs cannot use more money than they earn. The purpose of this thesis is to find an answer on the question. To investigate the effects ...
    • Incentives for international environmental co-operation : the flexible mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol 

      Mikkelsen, Eirik (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2000-08)
      In this thesis I have taken a broad view on international environmental co-operation; What are the incentives, obstacles and ways to enhance participation and compliance with international environmental agreements. I have also looked at a more specific issue; The implementation of the “flexible mechanisms” of the Kyoto Protocol, and particularly joint implementation projects between an investor ...