Now showing items 1-10 of 60
The acquisition of word order in L2 Norwegian: The case of subject and object shift
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-13)
This article reports on a syntactic acceptability judgement study of 59 adult L2/Ln learners of Norwegian and a group of native controls, studying subject and object shift. These constructions involve movement of (mainly) pronominal subjects or objects across negation/adverbs. Both subject shift and object shift display considerable micro-variation in terms of syntax and information structure, ...
Differences in use without deficiencies in competence: passives in the Turkish and German of Turkish heritage speakers in Germany.
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017)
Determining how and why adult outcomes of heritage speaker (HS) bilingualism differ from monolinguals is difficult because it requires the reconstruction of developmental paths from end-state data. In an effort to address this issue, we examine HSs of Turkish in Germany at an early age of development (10-15 years old, n=22), as well as age-matched monolingual controls in Turkey (n=20) and Germany ...
Grammatical gender in bilingual Norwegian-Russian Acquisition: The role of input and transparency
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-09-18)
This paper investigates the role of parental input and transparency in the acquisition of two different gender systems, Norwegian and Russian, by bilingual children living in Norway. While gender in Russian is generally predictable from the morphophonological shape of the noun (with some exceptions), gender assignment in Norwegian is opaque. An experimental production study was carried out with two ...
Complexity and conflicting grammars in language acquisition
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
On the acquisition of word order in WH-questions in theTromsø dialect
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2003)
This article reports on a study of three children acquiring a dialect of Norwegian which allows two different word orders in certain types of WH-questions, verb second (V2) and and verb third (V3). The latter is only allowed after monosyllabic WH-words, while the former, which is the result of verb movement, is the word order found in all other main clauses in the language. It is shown that both V2 ...
Optional Word Order in Wh-Questions in Two Norwegian Dialects: A Diachronic Analysis of Synchronic Variation
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2005)
Based on a corpus of spontaneous production data, this paper compares the word order of wh-questions in two Norwegian dialects, Kåfjord and Tromsø. While the choice of word order (V2 or non-V2) in Tromsø is dependent on information structure, the Kåfjord speakers produce considerably more non-V2 in questions with monosyllabic wh-elements. The majority of questions with multisyllabic wh-constituents, ...
Bilinguals’ sensitivity to grammatical gender cues in Russian: the role of cumulative input, proficiency, and dominance
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-11)
This paper reports on an experimental study investigating the acquisition of grammatical gender in Russian by heritage speakers living in Norway. The participants are 54 Norwegian-Russian bilingual children (4;0-10;2) as well as 107 Russian monolingual controls (3;0-7;0). Previous research has shown that grammatical gender is problematic for bilingual speakers, especially in cases where gender ...
Exploring the role of cognitive control in syntactic processing: Evidence from cross-language priming in bilingual children
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-07-10)
In this paper, we explore the role of cognition in bilingual syntactic processing by employing a structural priming paradigm. A group of Norwegian-English bilingual children and an age-matched group of Norwegian monolingual children were tested in a priming task that included both a within-language and a between-language priming condition. Results show that the priming effect between-language was ...
The interaction of input and UG in the acquisition of verb movement in a dialect of Norwegian
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2004)
In this paper it is argued that a principle of information structure provided by Universal Grammar (UG) may interact with input in the acquisition of word order. In a study which investigates three children from the age of approximately 1;9 to 3 acquiring a Northern dialect of Norwegian, it has previously been shown that word order patterns in certain types of wh-questions which are sensitive to ...
Gender Change in Norwegian Dialects: Comprehension is affected before Production
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-10-04)
This article investigates language variation and change in the grammatical gender system of Norwegian, where feminine gender agreement is in the process of disappearing in some Northern Norwegian dialects. Speakers of the Tromsø ( N = 46) and Sortland ( N = 54) dialects participated in a Visual Word experiment. The task examined whether they used indefinite articles ( en , e ...