Now showing items 1-10 of 854
The effects of language and emotionality of stimuli on vocabulary learning
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-10-07)
Learning new content and vocabulary in a foreign language can be particularly difficult. Yet, there are educational programs that require people to study in a language they are not native speakers of. For this reason, it is important to understand how these learning processes work and possibly differ from native language learning, as well as to develop strategies to ease this process. The current ...
The All Affected Principle, and the Weighting of Votes
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-08-18)
In this article we defend the view that, on the All Affected Principle of voting rights, the weight of a person’s vote on a decision should be determined by and only by the degree to which that decision affects her interests, independently of her voting weights on other decisions. Further, we consider two recent alternative proposals for how the All Affected Principle should weight votes, and give ...
On the Status of Transfer in Adult Third Language Acquisition of Early Bilinguals
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-03-04)
The study of linguistic transfer—understood here in terms of the copying of previous linguistic representations—seeks to reveal how domain-relevant prior language knowledge impacts the acquisition and development of new mental representations more generally. Studying sequential multilingualism offers a natural laboratory to observe cognitive-economical mechanisms that avoid redundancy in language ...
Forholdet mellom politikk og administrasjon – Hva kan vi lære fra en norsk småkommune?
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-06-25)
Denne artikkelen handler om forholdet mellom politikk og administrasjon i små politisk-administrative systemer. Den er eksplorerende og setter empirisk fokus på en kommune. Formålet er primært å identifisere noen hypoteser om typiske utfordringer i forholdet mellom politikk og administrasjon, og å få rikere kunnskap om forholdet. Artikkelen gir innblikk i litteratur om administrativ makt og kommenterer ...
School‐entry language outcomes in late talkers with and without a family risk of dyslexia
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-03-17)
Children with familial risk (FR) of dyslexia and children with early language delay are known to be at risk for later language and literacy difficulties. However, research addressing long‐term outcomes in children with both risk factors is scarce. This study tracked FR and No‐FR children identified as late talkers at 2 years of age and reports development from 4;6 through 6 years. We examined the ...
The Tale of Two Lexicons: Decomposing Complexity across a Distributed Lexicon
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-11-10)
The notion of complexity is evasive and often left to intuition, yet it is often invoked when studying heritage language grammars. In this article, we propose a first pass at decomposing the notion of complexity into smaller components in a formal grammatical model. In particular, we argue that a distributed model of the lexicon (i.e., one that assumes that principles that generate both words and ...
Creativity in problem solving: Integrating two different views of insight
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-09-02)
Even after many decades of productive research, problem solving instruction is still considered inefective. In this study we address some limitations of extant problem solving models related to the phenomenon of insight during problem solving. Currently, there are two main views on the source of insight during problem solving. Proponents of the frst view argue that insight is the consequence of ...
Socioeconomic Status, Culture, and Reading Comprehension in Immigrant Students
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-11-19)
Research on reading comprehension in immigrant students is heterogeneous and conflicting. Differences in socioeconomic status and cultural origins are very likely confounds in determining whether differences to native pupils can be attributed to immigrant status. We collected data on 312 Spanish students of Native, of Hispanic origin–therefore with the same family language as native students- ...
'I are in New York’: om tilegnelsen av samsvarsbøyning i engelsk blant innlærere med norskspråklig bakgrunn
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-07-02)
Artikkelen diskuterer tilegnelsen av samsvarsbøyning (mellom subjekt og verbal) ved be i engelsk blant 12–13- og 15–16-åringer med norsk språkbakgrunn. Det legges fram data fra the Corpus of Young Learner Language som tyder på at en del 12–13-åringer overgeneraliserer formen are i presens, mens innlærere fra begge aldersgrupper overgeneraliserer was i preteritum. Mens overgeneraliseringa av are ...
Material Methods for a Rapid-Response Anthropology
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-05-13)
Sudden crises frustrate anthropological methodologies. Our discipline aspires to engaged scholarship in dialogue with community and public concerns. Yet timely social analysis must address the ephemeral and unpredictable, running against the rhythm of anthropological fieldwork and publication. When social distancing precludes typical ethnographic engagements, how may we adapt anthropological approaches?