• The acupuncture on hot flashes among menopausal women (ACUFLASH) study : observational follow up results at six and 12 months 

      Borud, Einar Kristian; White, Adrian; Alræk, Terje; Grimsgaard, Sameline (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2010-03)
      Objective: The previously published ACUFLASH study compared the effectiveness of individualized acupuncture treatment plus self-care versus self-care alone on hot flashes and health-related quality of life in postmenopausal women. This paper reports on the observational follow-up results at six and 12 months. <br>Methods: The ACUFLASH study was a pragmatic, multicenter, randomized, controlled ...
    • Acupuncture versus usual care for postoperative nausea and vomiting in children after tonsillectomy/adenoidectomy: a pragmatic, multicenter, double-blinded, randomized trial 

      Liodden, Ingrid Elisabeth; Sandvik, Leiv; Valeberg, Berit Taraldsen; Borud, Einar Kristian; Norheim, Arne Johan (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-04-13)
      Objectives. To investigate the effect of a standardised acupuncture on nausea and vomiting in children after tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy when possible placebo effects were precluded. Methods. A pragmatic, multicentre, double-blinded, randomised controlled trial. The study was conducted over 10 months in 2012–2013 at three ambulatory clinics. Two hundred and eighty-two children, ...
    • Chinese red yeast rice (Monascus purpureus) for primary hyperlipidemia. A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials 

      Grimsgaard, Sameline; Zhang, Jing; Yi, Shi; Alræk, Terje; Fønnebø, Vinjar; Liu, Jianping (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2006-11-23)
      Extracts of Chinese red yeast rice (RYR, a traditional dietary seasoning of Monascus purpureus) contains several active ingredients including lovastatin, and several trials of its possible lipid-lowering effects have been conducted. This meta-analysis assesses the effectiveness and safety of RYR preparations on lipid modification in primary hyperlipidemia. We included randomized controlled trials ...
    • Circular instead of hierarchical. Methodological principles for the evaluation of complex interventions 

      Walach, Harald; Fønnebø, Vinjar; Falkenberg, Torkel; Lewith, George; Jonas, Wayne B. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2006-06-24)
      Background: The reasoning behind evaluating medical interventions is that a hierarchy of methods exists which successively produce improved and therefore more rigorous evidence based medicine upon which to make clinical decisions. At the foundation of this hierarchy are case studies, retrospective and prospective case series, followed by cohort studies with historical and concomitant non-randomized ...
    • The effect of TCM acupuncture on hot flushes among menopausal women (ACUFLASH) study: A study protocol of an ongoing multi-centre randomised controlled clinical trial 

      White, Adrian; Borud, Einar Kristian; Alræk, Terje; Fønnebø, Vinjar; Grimsgaard, Sameline (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2007-02-26)
      Background: After menopause, 10–20% of all women have nearly intolerable hot flushes. Long term use of hormone replacement therapy involves a health risk, and many women seek alternative strategies to relieve climacteric complaints. Acupuncture is one of the most frequently used complementary therapies in Norway. We designed a study to evaluate whether Traditional Chinese Medicine acupuncture-care ...
    • Evaluating complex health interventions : a critical analysis of the 'outcomes' concept 

      Launsø, Laila; Paterson, Charlotte; Baarts, Charlotte; Verhoef, Marja J. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2009-06-18)
      Background: The extent to which a health care intervention causes or facilitates health-related change is a key question in research. The need to quantify such change has led to the development of an increasing number of change indicators, to measure what have come to be known as 'outcomes'. In the context of medical research into the efficacy or effectiveness of an intervention the term 'outcomes' ...
    • Green tea (Camellia sinensis) and cancer prevention : a systematic review of randomized trials and epidemiological studies 

      Xing, Jianmin; Liu, Jianping; Fei, Yutong (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2008-10-22)
      Background: Green tea is one of the most popular beverages worldwide. This review summarizes the beneficial effects of green tea on cancer prevention. <br> Methods: Electronic databases, including PubMed (1966–2008), the Cochrane Library (Issue 1, 2008) and Chinese Biomedical Database (1978–2008) with supplement of relevant websites, were searched. There was no language restriction. The searches ...
    • Mapping the risk perception and communication gap between different professionals of healthcare providers in cancer care: a cross-sectional protocol 

      Stub, Trine; Musial, Frauke; Quandt, Sara A.; Arcury, Thomas A; Salamonsen, Anita; Kristoffersen, Agnete Egilsdatter; Berntsen, Gro Karine Rosvold (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-09-03)
      Introduction: Studies show that patients with cancer who use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) have a poorer survival prognosis than those who do not. It remains unclear whether this is due to a priori poorer prognosis that makes patients turn to CAM, or whether there is a factor associated with CAM use itself that influences the prognosis negatively. Healthcare providers should assist ...
    • Moxibustion and other acupuncture point stimulation methods to treat breech presentation : a systematic review of clinical trials 

      Li, Xun; Liu, Jianping; Hu, Jun; Wang, Xiaoyi; Zhang, Huirui (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2009-02-27)
      Background: Moxibustion, acupuncture and other acupoint stimulations are commonly used for the correction of breech presentation. This systematic review aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of moxibustion and other acupoint stimulations to treat breech presentation. <br> Methods: We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and controlled clinical trials (CCTs) on moxibustion, acupuncture ...
    • Opplevde sammenhenger mellom amalgam og helse i den norske befolkning 

      Norheim, Arne Johan; Ramstad, Susanne (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2006-11-13)
      Sosial og helsedirektoratet arbeider med retningslinjer for pasientbehandling ved mistanke om helseskade fra amalgamfyllinger. Som bakgrunn for dette arbeid fikk Nasjonalt Forskningssenter innen Komplementær og Alternativ Medisin (NAFKAM) ved Universitetet i Tromsø i oppdrag å beskrive hvordan befolkningen opplever sammenhengen mellom amalgam og helse. Kvantitative og kvalitative metoder har vært ...
    • Prevalence and reasons for intentional use of complementary and alternative medicine as an adjunct to future visits to a medical doctor for chronic disease 

      Kristoffersen, Agnete Egilsdatter; Stub, Trine; Musial, Frauke; Fønnebø, Vinjar; Lillenes, Ola; Norheim, Arne Johan (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-03-27)
      Intentional use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has previously only been researched in small, possibly biased, samples. There seems to be a lack of scientific information regarding healthy individual's attitudes and presumed use of CAM. The aim of this study is to describe prevalence and characteristics of participants who intend to see a CAM provider compared to participants who ...
    • Qualitative research methods in complementary and alternative treatment 

      Launsø, Laila; Rieper, Olaf (Forskningsrapport; Research report, 2007-01)
      Denne rapport giver en introduction til kvalitative forskningsmetoder, der er velegnede til forskning i komplementær og alternativ behandling. Kvalitative og kvantitative metoder producerer meget forskellige former for kundskaber, som er rettet mod forskellige brugssammenhænge og formål. Vi starter med at forholde os til evidens-baseret viden og beskriver epistemologiske baggrunde for at vælge ...
    • Risk in homeopathy: Classification of adverse events and homeopathic aggravations – A cross sectional study among Norwegian homeopath patients 

      Stub, Trine; Kristoffersen, Agnete Egilsdatter; Alræk, Terje; Musial, Frauke; Steinsbekk, Aslak (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-06-10)
      The registration of adverse events is important to identify treatment that might impose risk to patients. Homeopathic aggravation, a concept unique for homeopathy may impose a particular risk, as it is tolerant towards a worsening of the patients’ symptoms. The aim of this study was to explore the classification of patient reported reactions as homeopathic aggravations or adverse events. <br>Design ...
    • Utprøvinger av alternativ behandling innenfor helsevesenet i møte mellom helsepersonell og alternative behandlere 

      Nyborg, Lisbeth; Launsø, Laila (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2007)
      Internasjonalt og nasjonalt bruker stadig flere mennesker alternativ behandling i forbindelse med sykdom og helseplager. I økende grad trekkes alternativ behandling inn på sykehus, også i Norge. Helsepersonell ønsker mer kunnskap om alternativ behandling og ønsker å se hva alternativ behandling kan bidra med for deres pasienter. Flere helsepersonell ved ulike avdelinger ved norske sykehus har ...
    • "We own the illness”: a qualitative study of networks in two communities with mixed ethnicity in Northern Norway 

      Larsen, Anette Iren Langås; Salamonsen, Anita; Kristoffersen, Agnete Egilsdatter; Hamran, Torunn; Evjen, Bjørg; Stub, Trine (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-02-21)
      Background: When people in Northern Norway get ill, they often use traditional medicine. The global aim of this study was to examine the extended family networks’ function and responsibility in cases of illness in the family, in two Northern Norwegian communities with a population of mixed ethnicity.<p> Methods: Semi-structured individual interviews with 13 participants and 4 focus group interviews ...
    • Which risk understandings can be derived from the current disharmonized regulation of complementary and alternative medicine in Europe? 

      Wiesener, Solveig; Salamonsen, Anita; Fønnebø, Vinjar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-01-10)
      Background: Many European citizens are seeking complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). These treatments are regulated very differently in the EU/EFTA countries. This may demonstrate differences in how risk associated with the use of CAM is perceived. Since most CAM treatments are practiced fairly similarly across Europe, differing risk understandings may influence patient safety for European ...
    • Yoik experiences and possible positive health outcomes: An explorative pilot study 

      Hämäläinen, Soile; Musial, Frauke; Graff, Ola; Olsen, Torjer Andreas; Salamonsen, Anita (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-01-19)
      Background: Yoik is an old vocal music tradition of Sami, the indigenous people inhabiting Northern Fennoscandia and Kola peninsula in Russia. Studies of music therapy (MT) and especially singing have documented improvements in social and overall functioning in people With severe mental disorders and positive effect on depressive symptoms and sleep quality. Possible connections between yoik and ...