Now showing items 1-20 of 34

    • Acupuncture for the Treatment of Pain – A Mega-Placebo? 

      Musial, Frauke (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-17)
      Several control conditions, such as penetrating sham acupuncture and non-penetrating placebo needles, have been used in clinical trials on acupuncture effects in chronic pain syndromes. All these control conditions are surprisingly effective with regard to their analgesic properties. These findings have fostered a discussion as to whether acupuncture is merely a placebo. Meta-analyses on the clinical ...
    • The acupuncture on hot flashes among menopausal women (ACUFLASH) study : observational follow up results at six and 12 months 

      Borud, Einar Kristian; White, Adrian; Alræk, Terje; Grimsgaard, Sameline (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2010-03)
      Objective: The previously published ACUFLASH study compared the effectiveness of individualized acupuncture treatment plus self-care versus self-care alone on hot flashes and health-related quality of life in postmenopausal women. This paper reports on the observational follow-up results at six and 12 months. <br>Methods: The ACUFLASH study was a pragmatic, multicenter, randomized, controlled ...
    • Acupuncture versus usual care for postoperative nausea and vomiting in children after tonsillectomy/adenoidectomy: a pragmatic, multicenter, double-blinded, randomized trial 

      Liodden, Ingrid Elisabeth; Sandvik, Leiv; Valeberg, Berit Taraldsen; Borud, Einar Kristian; Norheim, Arne Johan (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-04-13)
      Objectives. To investigate the effect of a standardised acupuncture on nausea and vomiting in children after tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy when possible placebo effects were precluded. Methods. A pragmatic, multicentre, double-blinded, randomised controlled trial. The study was conducted over 10 months in 2012–2013 at three ambulatory clinics. Two hundred and eighty-two children, ...
    • The cancer may come back: experiencing and managing worries of relapse in a North Norwegian village after treatment 

      Skowronski, Magdalena; Risør, Mette Bech; Andersen, Rikke Sand; Foss, Nina (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-06-18)
      Little is known about how people living in the aftermath of cancer treatment experience and manage worries about possible signs of cancer relapse, not as an individual enterprise but as socially embedded management. One-year ethnographic fieldwork was conducted in a coastal village of under 3000 inhabitants in northern Norway. Ten villagers who had undergone cancer treatment from six months to five ...
    • Chinese herbal medicine Dengzhan Shengmai capsule as adjunctive treatment for ischemic stroke: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials 

      Yang, Xiao-Ying; Wang, Li-Qiong; Li, Jin-Gen; Liang, Ning; Wang, Ying; Liu, Jian-Ping (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-12-09)
      <i>Objective</i>: The existing eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were critically appraised for the effectiveness and safety of Chinese herbal medicine Dengzhan Shenmai for ischemic stroke.<p> <p><i>Design</i>: Systematic review and meta-analysis (CRD42016042914, http://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO). Methods: Six electronic databases were searched from inception to May 2016. Risk ratio ...
    • Chinese red yeast rice (Monascus purpureus) for primary hyperlipidemia. A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials 

      Grimsgaard, Sameline; Zhang, Jing; Yi, Shi; Alræk, Terje; Fønnebø, Vinjar; Liu, Jianping (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2006-11-23)
      Extracts of Chinese red yeast rice (RYR, a traditional dietary seasoning of Monascus purpureus) contains several active ingredients including lovastatin, and several trials of its possible lipid-lowering effects have been conducted. This meta-analysis assesses the effectiveness and safety of RYR preparations on lipid modification in primary hyperlipidemia. We included randomized controlled trials ...
    • Circular instead of hierarchical. Methodological principles for the evaluation of complex interventions 

      Walach, Harald; Fønnebø, Vinjar; Falkenberg, Torkel; Lewith, George; Jonas, Wayne B. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2006-06-24)
      Background: The reasoning behind evaluating medical interventions is that a hierarchy of methods exists which successively produce improved and therefore more rigorous evidence based medicine upon which to make clinical decisions. At the foundation of this hierarchy are case studies, retrospective and prospective case series, followed by cohort studies with historical and concomitant non-randomized ...
    • Clinical Presentation of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease: A Prospective Study on Symptom Diversity and Modification of Questionnaire Application 

      Broderik, Ryan; Fuchs, Karl-Hermann; Breithaupt, Wolfram; Varga, Gabor; Schulz, Thomas; Babic, Benjamin; Lee, Arielle; Musial, Frauke; Horgan, Santiago (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-09-12)
      <p><i>Introduction - </i>Symptoms occurring in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) such as heartburn, regurgitation, thoracic pain, epigastric pain, respiratory symptoms, and others can show a broad overlap with symptoms from other foregut disorders. The goal of this study is the accurate assessment of symptom presentation in GERD. <p><i>Methods - </i>Patients with foregut symptoms were ...
    • Complementary and alternative medicine for treatment of atopic eczema in children under 14 years old: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials 

      Lu, Chun-Li; Lui, Xue-han; Stub, Trine; Kristoffersen, Agnete Egilsdatter; Liang, Shi-bing; Wang, Xiao; Bai, Xue; Norheim, Arne Johan; Musial, Frauke; Alræk, Terje; Fønnebø, Vinjar; Liu, Jianping (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-09-26)
      <i>Background</i>: Due to limitations of conventional medicine for atopic eczema (AE), complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is widely used as an alternative, maintaining, or simultaneous treatment for AE. We aimed to evaluate the beneficial and harmful effects of CAM for children with AE under 14 years old.<p> <p><i>Methods</i>: We searched for randomized trials on CAM in 12 Chinese and ...
    • Conventional and complementary cancer treatments: where do conventional and Complementary providers seek information about these modalities? 

      Stub, Trine; Quandt, Sara A.; Arcury, Thomas A.; Sandberg, Joanne C.; Kristoffersen, Agnete Egilsdatter (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-14)
      <p><i>Background</i>: Both conventional health care providers and complementary therapists treat cancer patients. To provide effective treatment, both types of providers should to be familiar with their own as well as alternative types of treatment. Our aim was to compare how conventional health care providers (oncology doctors, oncology nurses, family physicians) and complementary therapists ...
    • Differences and similarities between users of traditional healing and other CAM modalities in the seventh survey of the Tromsø Study 

      Kristoffersen, Agnete Egilsdatter; Broderstad, Ann Ragnhild; Musial, Frauke; Stub, Trine (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2019-05)
    • Do patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease and somatoform tendencies benefit from antireflux surgery? 

      Fuchs, Hans Friedrich; Babic, Benjamin; Fuchs, Karl-Hermann; Breithaupt, Wolfram; Varga, Garbor; Musial, Frauke (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-21)
      <p><i>BACKGROUND - </i>The clinical presentation of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) shows a large symptom variation also in different intensities among patients. As several studies have shown, there is a large overlap in the symptomatic spectrum between proven GERD and other disorders such as dyspepsia, functional heartburn and/or somatoform disorders. <p><i>AIM - </i>To prospectively ...
    • The effect of TCM acupuncture on hot flushes among menopausal women (ACUFLASH) study: A study protocol of an ongoing multi-centre randomised controlled clinical trial 

      White, Adrian; Borud, Einar Kristian; Alræk, Terje; Fønnebø, Vinjar; Grimsgaard, Sameline (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2007-02-26)
      Background: After menopause, 10–20% of all women have nearly intolerable hot flushes. Long term use of hormone replacement therapy involves a health risk, and many women seek alternative strategies to relieve climacteric complaints. Acupuncture is one of the most frequently used complementary therapies in Norway. We designed a study to evaluate whether Traditional Chinese Medicine acupuncture-care ...
    • Evaluating complex health interventions : a critical analysis of the 'outcomes' concept 

      Launsø, Laila; Paterson, Charlotte; Baarts, Charlotte; Verhoef, Marja J. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2009-06-18)
      Background: The extent to which a health care intervention causes or facilitates health-related change is a key question in research. The need to quantify such change has led to the development of an increasing number of change indicators, to measure what have come to be known as 'outcomes'. In the context of medical research into the efficacy or effectiveness of an intervention the term 'outcomes' ...
    • Green tea (Camellia sinensis) and cancer prevention : a systematic review of randomized trials and epidemiological studies 

      Xing, Jianmin; Liu, Jianping; Fei, Yutong (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2008-10-22)
      Background: Green tea is one of the most popular beverages worldwide. This review summarizes the beneficial effects of green tea on cancer prevention. <br> Methods: Electronic databases, including PubMed (1966–2008), the Cochrane Library (Issue 1, 2008) and Chinese Biomedical Database (1978–2008) with supplement of relevant websites, were searched. There was no language restriction. The searches ...
    • Mapping the risk perception and communication gap between different professionals of healthcare providers in cancer care: a cross-sectional protocol 

      Stub, Trine; Musial, Frauke; Quandt, Sara A.; Arcury, Thomas A; Salamonsen, Anita; Kristoffersen, Agnete Egilsdatter; Berntsen, Gro Karine Rosvold (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-09-03)
      Introduction: Studies show that patients with cancer who use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) have a poorer survival prognosis than those who do not. It remains unclear whether this is due to a priori poorer prognosis that makes patients turn to CAM, or whether there is a factor associated with CAM use itself that influences the prognosis negatively. Healthcare providers should assist ...
    • Moxibustion and other acupuncture point stimulation methods to treat breech presentation : a systematic review of clinical trials 

      Liu, Jianping; Li, Xun; Hu, Jun; Wang, Xiaoyi; Zhang, Huirui (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2009-02-27)
      Background: Moxibustion, acupuncture and other acupoint stimulations are commonly used for the correction of breech presentation. This systematic review aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of moxibustion and other acupoint stimulations to treat breech presentation. <br> Methods: We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and controlled clinical trials (CCTs) on moxibustion, acupuncture ...
    • Opplevde sammenhenger mellom amalgam og helse i den norske befolkning 

      Norheim, Arne Johan; Ramstad, Susanne (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2006-11-13)
      Sosial og helsedirektoratet arbeider med retningslinjer for pasientbehandling ved mistanke om helseskade fra amalgamfyllinger. Som bakgrunn for dette arbeid fikk Nasjonalt Forskningssenter innen Komplementær og Alternativ Medisin (NAFKAM) ved Universitetet i Tromsø i oppdrag å beskrive hvordan befolkningen opplever sammenhengen mellom amalgam og helse. Kvantitative og kvalitative metoder har vært ...
    • Placebo by proxy expectations toward acupuncture change over time: A survey comparing parental expectations to acupuncture pre- and postoperatively 

      Liodden, Ingrid Elisabeth; Pripp, Are Hugo; Norheim, Arne Johan (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-06-14)
      <i>Background</i>: Patients entering a treatment have expectancy to outcome based on their previous experience, the information received, and the credibility of the treatment. Once the treatment has started, patients may detect and interpret contextual cues and somatic state. Influenced and conditioned by positive or negative interpretations, their reappraisal may improve or worsen the treatment ...
    • "The prayer circles in the air": a qualitative study about traditional healer profiles and practice in Northern Norway 

      Larsen, Anette Langås; Salamonsen, Anita; Kristoffersen, Agnete Egilsdatter; Stub, Trine (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-05-31)
      In Northern Norway, traditional healing has been preserved by passing down the knowledge through generations. Religious prayers of healing (<i>reading</i>) and Sami rituals (<i>curing</i>) are examples of methods that are used. We have examined traditional healers’ understanding of traditional healing, the healing process and their own practice, as well as what characteristics healers should have. ...