Now showing items 13-32 of 103

    • Discrimination amongst Arctic Indigenous Sami and Non-Sami Populations in Norway - The SAMINOR 2 Questionnaire Study 

      Hansen, Ketil Lenert; Minton, Stephen James; Friborg, Oddgeir; Sørlie, Tore (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Background:<br> Recent research demonstrates that for many indigenous Sami people, experiencing ethnic discrimination is a regular occurrence. The present study was designed to provide estimates of the prevalence of self-reported discrimination in order to identify specific settings where discrimination happened, to identify perpetrators and to examine individuals’ responses to the discrimination. ...
    • Do frequency of visits with birth parents impact children’s mental health and parental stress in stable foster care settings 

      Fossum, Sturla; Vis, Svein Arild Myhra; Holtan, Amy (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-01-13)
      This article explores whether the number of visits by birth parents influence perceptions of attachment, children’s competence and mental health, and stress levels in foster parents. Foster parents acted as informants regarding 203 children living in kinship and non-kinship foster care. The children were young when placed in foster care, on average 2.3 years old (SD = 1.0) and had been living in the ...
    • Do Norwegian Sami and non-indigenous individuals understand questions about mental health similarly? A SAMINOR 2 study 

      Sørlie, Tore; Hansen, Ketil Lenert; Friborg, Oddgeir (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-06-05)
      The Western culturally developed Hopkins Symptom Checklist (HSCL-10) is a self-report measure of mental distress widely used for both clinical and epidemiological purposes – also in the multiethnic epidemiological SAMINOR studies in Northern Norway, but without any proper cross-cultural validation. Our objective was to test invariance of the HSCL-10 measurements among Sami and the non-indigenous ...
    • Does the Incredible Years Teacher Classroom Management Programme Improve Child–Teacher Relationships in Childcare Centres? A 1-Year Universal Intervention in a Norwegian Community Sample. 

      Tveit, Håvard Horndalen; Drugli, May Britt; Fossum, Sturla; Handegård, Bjørn Helge; Stenseng, Frode (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-08-08)
      The Incredible Years Teacher Classroom Management (IY TCM) programme has shown promise in reducing behaviour problems among high-risk children in childcare. However, at present, we do not know whether the IY TCM successfully improves the child–teacher relationship in childcare and whether the effects manifest in both the population and in high-risk groups. Hence, we conducted a quasi-experimental ...
    • Does the Incredible Years Teacher Classroom Management Training programme have positive effects for young children exhibiting severe externalizing problems in school?: A quasi-experimental pre-post study. 

      Kirkhaug, Bente; Drugli, May Britt; Handegård, Bjørn Helge; Lydersen, Stian; Aasheim, Merete; Fossum, Sturla (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-10-26)
      <b>Background:</b> Young children exhibiting severe externalizing problems in school are at risk of developing several poor outcomes. School-based intervention programs have been found to be effective for students with different problems, including those with behavioral problems, emotional distress, or social problems. The present study investigated whether the IY-TCM programme, as a universal ...
    • Early drinking onset: A study of prevalence and determinants among 13-year-old adolescents in Norway 

      Adolfsen, Frode; Strøm, Henriette Kyrrestad; Martinussen, Monica; Natvig, Henrik; Eisemann, Martin; Handegård, Bjørn Helge; Koposov, Roman A (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
    • Early intervention influences positively quality of life as reported by prematurely born children at age nine and their parents; a randomized clinical trial 

      Landsem, Inger Pauline; Handegård, Bjørn Helge; Ulvund, Stein Erik; Kaaresen, Per Ivar; Rønning, John Andreas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-02-22)
      Background: The Tromsø Intervention Study on Preterms evaluates an early, sensitizing intervention given to parents of prematurely born children (birth-weight < 2000 g). The current study investigated the potential influence of the intervention on children’s self-reported and parental proxy-reported quality of life (QoL) at children’s age of nine. <p>Methods: Participants were randomized to either ...
    • Effects of parenting interventions for at-risk parents with infants: A systematic review and meta-analyses 

      Rayce, Signe Boe; Rasmussen, Ida Scheel; Klest, Sihu; Patras, Joshua; Pontoppidan, Maiken (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-12-27)
      Objectives:<br>Infancy is a critical stage of life, and a secure relationship with caring and responsive caregivers is crucial for healthy infant development. Early parenting interventions aim to support families in which infants are at risk of developmental harm. Our objective is to systematically review the effects of parenting interventions on child development and on parent–child relationship ...
    • The effects of universally offered parenting interventions for parents with infants: A systematic review 

      Pontoppidan, Maiken; Klest, Sihu; Patras, Joshua; Rayce, Signe (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-09-28)
      Objectives: From a developmental perspective, infancy is a critical stage of life. Early childhood interventions aim to support caretakers, but the effects of universal interventions for parents with infants are unknown. The objective is to determine the effects of universal parenting interventions offered to parents with infants 0–12 months on measures of child development and parent–child relationship. ...
    • Emotion regulation and its relation to symptoms of anxiety and depression in children aged 8–12 years: does parental gender play a differentiating role? 

      Løvaas, Mona Elisabeth S; Sund, Anne Mari; Patras, Joshua; Martinsen, Kristin Dagmar; Hjemdal, Odin; Neumer, Simon-Peter; Holen, Solveig; Reinfjell, Trude (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-08-20)
      <i>Background</i>: Symptoms of anxiety and depression are prevalent and highly comorbid in children, contributing to considerable impairment even at a subclinical level. Difficulties with emotion regulation are potentially related to both anxious and depressive symptoms. Research looking at maternal contributions to children’s mental health dominates the literature but ignores the potentially important ...
    • Emphasizing indigenous communities in social work research ethics 

      Nygård, Reidunn Håøy; Saus, Merete (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-09-01)
      This article questions whether the development of Sámi social work could benefit from a greater emphasis on communities in research ethics. Using experience from a comparative research project carried out in indigenous communities in Norway and the United States, we discuss (1) the advantages and challenges associated with the institutionalization of research ethics and (2) the consequences for our ...
    • Evaluating workforce developments to support children of mentally ill parents: implementing new interventions in the adult mental healthcare in Northern Norway 

      Reedtz, Charlotte; Lauritzen, Camilla; vanDoesum, Karin; Martinussen, Monica (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      According to new Norwegian laws, mental healthcare for adults are obligated to assess all patients who are parents and to act on their children's needs. This article describes the study protocol of implementing the interventions Family Assessment and Child Talks for children of patients in the adult psychiatry of the University Hospital of Northern Norway. The project is designed to evaluate the ...
    • Evaluation of the Incredible Years Teacher Classroom Management Program in a Regular Norwegian School Setting 

      Aasheim, Merete; Reedtz, Charlotte; Handegård, Bjørn Helge; Martinussen, Monica; Mørch, Willy-Tore (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-05-29)
      This study examined whether the Incredible Years (IY) Teacher Classroom Management (TCM) program implemented as a school-wide preventive intervention at 1st to 3rd grade in a regular school setting reduces the development of problem behavior and improves social competence. Using a quasi-experimental pre-post design, the IYTCM was implemented in 21 schools and compared with 22 matched schools that ...
    • Exposure to community violence, psychopathology, and personality traits in Russian youth. 

      Koposov, Roman A; Ruchkin, Vladislav (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      Previous research with the US inner-city youth demonstrated the hazardous effects of community violence exposure. It remains unclear, however, whether these findings are generalizable to other cultures and populations. Furthermore, the role of factors influencing the processing of traumatic events such as personality has not been investigated. Two groups of Russian adolescents (community youth (N ...
    • Facilitators and Barriers to the Implementation of EMOTION: An Indicated Intervention for Young Schoolchildren 

      Rasmussen, Lene-Mari Potulski; Patras, Joshua; Neumer, Simon-Peter; Adolfsen, Frode; Martinsen, Kristin Dagmar; Holen, Solveig; Sund, Anne Mari; Martinussen, Monica (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-02)
      Research on implementation of school-based transdiagnostic interventions, conducted by personnel from the municipal services is limited. We investigated facilitators and barriers regarding implementation of EMOTION, an intervention targeting symptoms of anxiety and depression in children 8–12 years. Trained health- and childcare professionals completed one questionnaire before (<i>N</i> = 63) and a ...
    • The Factor Structure of MASC Youth Report in Norwegian School Children 

      Martinsen, Kristin Dagmar; Holen, Solveig; Neumer, Simon-Peter; Waaktaar, Trine; Rasmussen, Lene-Mari Potulski; Kendall, Philip C; Patras, Joshua (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-03-29)
      Identifying children with symptoms of anxiety before they develop clinical disorders is important. The objective of our study was to examine the latent factor structure of the MASC (youth report version) in a large self-selected sample of school children in 4th to 6th grade, and examine if the measure had a comparable factor structure for gender and age. Gender and age differences in anxiety symptoms ...
    • Factors that determine decision making in child protection investigations: A review of the literature 

      Lauritzen, Camilla; Vis, Svein Arild Myhra; Fossum, Sturla (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-03-15)
      The aim of the study was to conduct a systematic review of the literature on factors that determine decision making in child protection investigations. More specifically, to investigate the existing research on the 4 factors that are considered fundamental for child protection decision making: case characteristics, caseworker characteristics, organizational characteristics, and external factors. The ...
    • Factors that may Facilitate or Hinder a Family-focus in the Treatment of Parents With a Mental Illness 

      Lauritzen, Camilla; Reedtz, Charlotte; van Doesum, Karin; Martinussen, Monica (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Children with mentally ill parents are at risk of developing mental health problems themselves. To enhance early support for these children may prevent mental health problems from being transmitted from one generation to the next. The sample (N = 219) included health professionals in a large university hospital, who responded to a web-based survey on the routines of the mental health services, ...
    • Family assessment conversations as a tool to support families affected by parental mental illness: a retrospective review of electronic patient journals 

      Lauritzen, Camilla; Kolmannsskog, Anne Berit; Iversen, Anette Christine (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-04-24)
      <p><i>Background</i>: Previous research has shown a link between parental mental illness and adverse development in their offspring. In Norway, it is mandatory for health professionals to identify if patients in adult mental health services have children, and subsequently to provide support for the children. An important tool to detect if families are affected by parental mental illness and to ...
    • Fra 15 til 22 elever i klassen: Hvordan påvirker større klasse elevenes læringsmiljø og trivsel? 

      Lauritzen, Camilla; Adolfsen, Frode; Rasmussen, Lene-Mari Potulski; Strandbu, Astrid (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-12-12)
      Vår studie viser at klassestørrelse ikke nødvendigvis spiller noen rolle for elevenes trivsel på skolen, i klassen og i friminuttene. Læringsmiljøet ble imidlertid mer preget av uro og bråk, skriver Camilla Lauritzen og kolleger.