Now showing items 1775-1794 of 5604

    • Expectations of increased and decreased pain explain the effect of conditioned pain modulation in females 

      Bjørkedal, Espen; Flaten, Magne Arve (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Chronic pain is believed to be related to a dysfunction of descending pain modulatory mechanisms. Functioning of descending pain modulation can be assessed by various methods, including conditioned pain modulation (CPM). CPM refers to the inhibition of one source of pain by a second noxious stimulus, termed the conditioning stimulus. This procedure can activate an endogenous pain inhibitory mechanism ...
    • Expectations, effect and experiences of an easily accessible self-management intervention for people with chronic pain: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial with embedded qualitative study 

      Nøst, Torunn Hatlen; Steinsbekk, Aslak; Bratås, Ola; Grønning, Kjersti (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-07-18)
      Background People struggling with chronic pain may benefit from different types of non-pharmacological interventions such as self-management courses. Self-management courses aim to increase participants’ skills and knowledge in managing chronic conditions. Community health-care services in Norway have increasingly established Healthy Life Centres (HLCs) to offer easily accessible interventions to ...
    • Experience with quality assurance in two store-and-forward telemedicine networks 

      Wootton, Richard; Liu, Joanne; Bonnardot, Laurent; Venugopal, Raghu; Oakley, Amanda (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-11-26)
      Despite the increasing use of telemedicine around the world, little has been done to incorporate quality assurance (QA) into these operations. The purpose of the present study was to examine the feasibility of QA in store-and-forward teleconsulting using a previously published framework. During a 2-year study period, we examined the feasibility of using QA tools in two mature telemedicine networks ...
    • Experiences matter: Positive emotions facilitate intrinsic motivation 

      Løvoll, Helga Synnevåg; Røysamb, Espen; Vittersø, Joar (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-06-26)
      This paper has two major aims. First, to investigate how positive emotions and intrinsic motivation affect each other over time. Second, to test the effect of positive emotions and intrinsic motivation on subsequent educational choices. Through two ordinary study semesters, 64 sport students in Norway reported on their intrinsic motivation for outdoor activities (twice) as well as positive ...
    • Experiences of general practitioner continuity among women with chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis: a cross-sectional study 

      Hansen, Anne Helen; Lian, Olaug S (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-11-14)
      <b>Background:</b> Continuity of care is important for patients with chronic illness in need of coordinated healthcare services from multiple providers. Little is known about how patients with chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) experience continuity of GP care. This study explores how women with CFS/ME experience GP care across the three dimensions of continuity: informational, ...
    • Experiences of quality of life the first year after stroke in Denmark and Norway. A qualitative analysis 

      Pedersen, Synne Garder; Anke, Audny; Aadal, Lena; Pallesen, Hanne; Moe, Siri; Arntzen, Cathrine (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-09-24)
      <i>Purpose</i>: This study aims to explore quality of life (QOL) during the first year of recovery after stroke in North Norway and Central Denmark. <p> <p><i>Method</i>: Individual in-depth interviews with 11 stroke survivors were performed twelve months after stroke onset. An interpretative, inductive approach shaped the interview process and the processing of data. <p> <p><i>Results</i>: ...
    • Experiences of tobacco smoking and quitting in smokers with and without chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-a qualitative analysis 

      van Eerd, Eva; Risør, Mette Bech; van Rossem, Carolien; van Schayck, Onno CP; Kotz, Daniel (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-11-04)
      <p>Background: Smokers with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) seem to be a special subgroup of smokers that have a more urgent need to quit smoking but might find it more difficult to do so. This study aimed to explore which justifications for tobacco smoking and experiences of quitting were commonly shared in smokers with and without COPD, and which, if any, were specific to smokers ...
    • Experiences with outpatient commitment orders from the perspectives of patients, relatives and staff - A qualitative study 

      Stensrud, Bjørn (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2016-10-27)
      Compulsory outpatient psychiatric care or outpatient commitment (OC) is intended to ensure treatment of people with severe psychotic disorders after discharge from inpatient care. Although OC has long been used in Norway, there is little research-based knowledge of the extent and content of the scheme and a particular lack of knowledge of the experiences of those involved. The studies are based on ...
    • Experimental explorations of general patterns of epistatic interactions in clinical Escherichia coli isolates 

      Pat, Gina (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-05-13)
      Resistance towards antimicrobial agents is an increasing medical problem nowadays caused by the elimination of susceptible bacteria leaving only the resistant ones to survive and evolve. Evolution through mutations that lead to antibiotic resistance in bacteria increases the diversity of bacterial genomes. Under antibiotic treatment, these mutations might be advantageous for the bacteria, but ...
    • Expert consensus on re-irradiation for current glioma 

      Krauze, Andra; Attia, Albert; Braunstein, Steve; Chan, Michael; Combs, Stephanie E; Fietkau, Rainer; Fiveash, John; Flickinger, John; Grosu, Anca-Ligia; Howard, Steven; Nieder, Carsten; Niyazi, Maximilian; Rowe, Lindsay; Smart, Dee Dee; Tsien, Christina; Camphausen, Kevin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-12-01)
      Purpose:<br>To investigate radiation oncologists’ opinions on important considerations to offering re-irradiation (re-RT) as a treatment option for recurrent glioma.<br>Materials and methods:<br>A survey was conducted with 13 radiation oncologists involved in the care of central nervous system tumor patients. The survey was comprised of 49 questions divided into 2 domains: a demographic section (10 ...
    • Expired CO2 Levels Indicate Degree of Lung Aeration at Birth 

      Hooper, Stuart B.; Fouras, Andreas; Siew, Melissa; Wallace, Megan; Kitchen, Marcus; te Pas, Arjan B; Klingenberg, Claus; Lewis, Robert; Davis, Peter; Morley, Colin J.; Schmölzer, Georg M. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      As neonatal resuscitation critically depends upon lung aeration at birth, knowledge of the progression of this process is required to guide ongoing care. We investigated whether expired CO2 (ECO2) levels indicate the degree of lung aeration immediately after birth in two animal models and in preterm infants. Lambs were delivered by caesarean section and ventilated from birth. In lambs, ECO2 levels ...
    • Explaining the association between anxiety disorders and alcohol use disorder: A twin study 

      Torvik, Fartein Ask; Rosenström, Tom Henrik; Gustavson, Kristin; Ystrøm, Eivind; Kendler, Kenneth S.; Bramness, Jørgen Gustav; Czajkowski, Nikolai Olavi; Reichborn-Kjennerud, Ted (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-03-05)
      <p><i>Background - </i>It is unknown whether social anxiety disorder (SAD) has a unique association with alcohol use disorder (AUD) over and beyond that of other anxiety disorders, how the associations develop over time, and whether the associations are likely to be causal. <p><i>Methods - </i>Diagnoses of AUD, SAD, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, agoraphobia, and specific phobias ...
    • Exploration of 27 plasma immune markers: A cross-sectional comparison of 64 old psychiatric inpatients having unipolar major depression and 18 non-depressed old persons 

      Gaarden, Torfinn Lødøen; Engedal, Knut; Saltyte Benth, Jurate; Larsen, Marianne; Lorentzen, Bernhard; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Bjølseth, Tor Magne; Castellheim, Albert (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-06-25)
      <p><i>Background</i>: The prevalence of major depression (MD) according to population studies is the same for old (65 years and older) and younger adults. In contrast, an elevated proportion of old MD patients are hospitalized compared to younger adults with MD, indicating a need to expand the characteristics of old inpatients with MD. To illustrate this point, the association between inflammation ...
    • Exploration of characteristics of community pharmacies that may influence the successful outcomes of Stop Smoking Services 

      Mortensen, Kristian (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2013-05-20)
      BACKGROUND: National Health Service (NHS) Lothian community pharmacies contracted to deliver the Stop Smoking Service have varying success rates. A clearer understanding of the factors or predictors which may impact on the success of the NHS community pharmacy Stop Smoking Services is required by NHS Lothian Public Health Directorate. AIM:To describe the characteristics of community pharmacies ...
    • Exploring Personality and Readiness to Change in Patients With Substance Use Disorders With and Without ADHD 

      Flores, Lizbett; Ytterstad, Elinor; Lensing, Michael B.; Eisemann, Martin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      <p><i>Objective</i>: To explore personality and readiness to change among substance use disorders (SUD) patients with and without ADHD.</p> <p><i>Method</i>: SUD + ADHD versus SUD − ADHD patients consecutively entering treatment between 2010 and 2012 were compared concerning personality (Temperament and Character Inventory) and readiness to change (Stages of Change Readiness and Treatment Eagerness ...
    • Exploring physical activity and dietary choices among adolescents in Troms County, with focus on a potential association between the two health-related behaviors. A cross-sectional study based on Fit Futures - part of The Tromsø Study 

      Sandvær, Vårin (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2013-07-30)
      Increased knowledge about physical activity(PA) and dietary choises could be valuable when preventive measures against overweight are planned and carried out. The main aim of the thesis was therefore to explore PA and dietary choises among adolescents in Troms County, furthermore to investigate if there were an association between these two health-related behaviors. The thesis is a cross-sectional ...
    • Exploring the causal and effect nature of EQ-5D dimensions: an application of confirmatory tetrad analysis and confirmatory factor analysis 

      Gamst-Klaussen, Thor; Gudex, Claire; Olsen, Jan Abel (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-07-31)
      <p><i>Background</i>: The relationship between the various items in an HRQoL instrument is a key aspect of interpreting and understanding preference weights. The aims of this paper were i) to use theoretical models of HRQoL to develop a conceptual framework for causal and effect relationships among the five dimensions of the EQ-5D instrument, and ii) to empirically test this framework.</p> ...
    • Exploring the gender specific association between use of complementary and alternative medicine and alcohol consumption and injuries caused by drinking. The sixth Tromsø study 

      Sivertsen, Kristina (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2017-08-25)
      Background: Previous studies have found that the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is associated with several characteristic, such as female gender, higher education and higher income. However, studies investigating the relationship between alcohol consumption patterns and different CAM approaches have so far been limited. Harmful use of alcohol has detrimental consequences to ...
    • Exploring the in vitro expansion of CD4 T cells. For improved culturing of CD4 T cells linked to FNAIT 

      Hofsten, Susannah von (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-05-15)
      Fetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT) is a rare disease that may cause serious bleedings in the fetus or neonate of a woman who has developed antibodies against the fetus’ platelets. Development of FNAIT has been linked to the presence of platelet reactive CD4 T cells that help B cells to develop into antibody producing plasma cells. To be able to conduct research on such T cells, ...
    • Exploring the meaning of a new assistive technology device for older individuals 

      Gramstad, Astrid; Storli, Sissel Lisa; Hamran, Torunn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)