Now showing items 2773-2792 of 5646

    • Intervention to reduce procrastination in first-year students: Preliminary results from a Norwegian study 

      Nordby, Kent; Wang, Catharina Elisabeth Arfwedson; Dahl, Tove Irene; Svartdal, Frode (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-06-25)
      This paper reports preliminary results from a brief intervention designed to reduce academic procrastination. Students enrolled in an introductory psychology course received lectures and seminar sessions about procrastination and its causes and consequences. Students who were enrolled in an introductory psychology course received lectures and seminar sessions about procrastination and its causes and ...
    • Intra- and inter-rater reliability of the Mini-Balance Evaluation Test (Mini-BESTest) in individuals with stroke 

      Dahl, Stine Susanne Haakonsen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-05-15)
      ABSTRACT Background: Mini-Balance Evaluation Systems Test (Mini-BESTest) is a new and promising measure for evaluation of dynamic balance, but intra- and inter-rater reliability in individuals with stroke have not yet been examined. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the within raters’ (intra-rater) and between raters’ (inter-rater) reliability of the Mini-BESTest in adults with stroke. ...
    • Intra- and interobserver variation in lung sound classification. Effect of training. 

      Grunnreis, Fredrik Ostad (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2016-05-31)
      This study explores how last year medical students at the University of Tromsø, the Arctic University of Norway, interpret and describe different lung sounds. This is done by measuring intra- and interobserver variation in agreement among 16 students, when reporting abnormal lung sounds after listening to audio recordings. Agreement with a reference standard is included, and testing of effect on ...
    • Intracellular gelatinolytic activity in mouse tissues 

      Solli, Ann Iren (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-09-12)
      Matrix metalloproteinases have traditionally been thought to act only extracellulary. However, increasing evidence has revealed intracellular localization as well as several alternative substrates and novel biological roles for these proteinases. The aims of this master thesis were to map intracellular localization of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in different tissues from mouse, determine if detected enzymes ...
    • Intracellular MMP-2 Activity in Skeletal Muscle is Associated with Type II Fibers 

      Hadler-Olsen, Elin Synnøve; Solli, Ann Iren; Hafstad, Anne Dragøy; Winberg, Jan-Olof; Uhlin-Hansen, Lars (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-09-29)
      Matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) is a proteolytic enzyme implicated in motility, differentiation, and regeneration of skeletal muscle fibers through processing of extracellular substrates. Although MMP-2 has been found to be localized intracellularly in cardiomyocytes where the enzyme is thought to contribute to post-ischemic loss of contractility, little is known about intracellular MMP-2 activity ...
    • Intrakranielle gliomer hos personer over 15 år i Nord-Norge i perioden 1986-2001. 

      Bjarghov, Steinar; Stølen, Stian Bergseng (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2002-08-30)
    • Intrathoracic Breast Transposition: A New Method in the Treatment of Bronchopleural Fistula and Empyema 

      de Weerd, Louis; Endresen, Petter Cappelen; Numan, Anmar; Weum, Sven (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      A bronchopleural fistula (BF) is a life-threatening complication. Optimal management of a BF is still debated although surgery remains the preferred treatment. Usually, the fistula is a result of inadequate healing at the bronchial stump after pneumonectomy. Successful closure of a BF after pneumonectomy depends on evacuation of empyema, coverage of the suture line after fistula closure with ...
    • Intra‐arterial blood pressure traits during and after heavy resistance exercise in healthy males 

      Heitmann, Kim Arne; Dalen, Håvard; Gundersen, Guri Holmen; Ingvaldsen, Rolf Petter; Welde, Boye (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-29)
      This randomized within‐subjects crossover‐designed study evaluated intra‐arterial blood pressure (BP) traits in seven healthy males (24 ± 1 years) during heavy resistance exercise (HRE) to failure (10 × 5 repetitions, 5RES) and not to failure (10 × 3 repetitions, 3RES), both at 5RM load. By combining few repetitions, avoidance of Valsalva maneuver, and restricting the duration of each contraction, ...
    • Introducing dental local anaesthesia using a standardized cognitive behavioural technique 

      Vestjord, Maria; Kjøløymo, Tina; Nerdal, Anne Marte (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-05-29)
      A major dilemma is that pain free dental treatment using local anaesthesia (LA) is of main importance for avoiding dental fear and anxiety (DFA) at the same time as intraoral injections are strongly associated with DFA. Well-educated dentists and dental hygienists, with a variety of techniques and approaches available, are important to give the patient receiving LA a perception of control. The purpose ...
    • Introduction: Sensations, Symptoms and Healthcare Seeking 

      Andersen, Rikke Sand; Nichter, Mark; Risør, Mette Bech (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-03)
      Inspired by the sensory turn in the humanities, anthropologists have coined the term ‘an anthropology of the senses’ to describe the study of the perceptual construction and output of bodily sensations and sense-modalities (cf. Howes 2006; Nichter 2008). Starting from the premise that different cultures and social settings configure, elaborate and extend the senses in different directions, key ...
    • Introduktion: Arbejde – sundhed og sygdom 

      Vinther Nielsen, Claus; Wind, Gitte; Risør, Mette Bech (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2012)
      I dette temanummer kigger vi nærmere på forholdet mellem arbejde, sundhed og sygdom.
    • Invasion-mediated changes in the population biology of a dimorphic whitefish Coregonus lavaretus population 

      Bøhn, Thomas; Amundsen, Per-Arne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2004-02-26)
      Population biology changes in native dimorphic whitefish <i>Coregonus lavaretus</i> were studied over a decade in the subarctic Pasvik watercourse, where large biotric changes occurred due to an invasion by vendace <i> C. albula</i>. Although initially recorded in the upstream part of the watercourse, where it is now the dominant pelagic species, the vendace subsequently also colonised the downstream ...
    • Investigating the Burden of Chronic Pain: An Inflammatory and Metabolic Composite 

      Sibille, Kimberly T; Steingrímsdóttir, Ólöf Anna; Fillingim, Roger B; Stubhaug, Audun; Schirmer, Henrik; Chen, Huaihou (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-02-17)
      BACKGROUND. Chronic pain is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, predominated by cardiovascular disease and cancer. Investigating related risk factor measures may elucidate the biological burden of chronic pain. OBJECTIVES. We hypothesized that chronic pain severity would be positively associated with the risk factor composite. METHODS. Data from 12,982 participants in the 6th Tromsø ...
    • Investigating the mobilome in clinically important lineages of Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus faecalis 

      Mikalsen, Theresa; Pedersen, Torunn Annie; Willems, Rob J; Coque, Teresa M.; Werner, Guido; Sadowy, Eva; van Schaik, Willem; Jensen, Lars Bogø; Sundsfjord, Arnfinn; Hegstad, Kristin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-04-10)
      Background: The success of Enterococcus faecium and E. faecalis evolving as multi-resistant nosocomial pathogens is associated with their ability to acquire and share adaptive traits, including antimicrobial resistance genes encoded by mobile genetic elements (MGE). Here, we investigate this mobilome in successful hospital associated genetic lineages, E. faecium sequence type (ST)17 (n=10) and ...
    • Investigation and optimization of liposome formulation for use as drug carrier for the anticancer agent Camptothecin 

      Naderkhani, Elenaz (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-06-09)
      In this thesis, the method development and investigation of different liposomal formulations to incorporate and retain Camptothecin (CPT) is described. CPT is a potent anticancer drug that has shown to be active against a broad spectrum of cancers. However, due to its challenging physicochemical properties, like poor water solubility, severe toxic effects to normal tissues and instability, its ...
    • An investigation of Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in Breast Cncer 

      Elston, Bryan George Vincent (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2016-05-18)
      Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 (ICAM-1, CD54), a cell surface glycoprotein that functions as an integrin, has a well-established role in leukocyte migration during inflammation. Recent studies have indicated a role for this protein in cancer development. In this study three breast cancer cell lines were stimulated with a variety of cytokines. The breast cancer cell lines (MCF7, SK-BR-3 and ...
    • An investigation of multidisciplinary complex health care interventions - steps towards an integrative treatment model in the rehabilitation of People with Multiple Sclerosis 

      Skovgaard, Lasse; Bjerre, Liv; Haahr, Niels; Paterson, Charlotte; Launsø, Laila; Boesen, Finn; Nissen, Michael; Ottesen, May-Britt; Mortensen, Christina; Olsen, Anette; Borch, Søren; Mortensen, Birte K.; Rasmussen, Gudrun A.; Sietam, Kirsten; Staalkjær, Frank; Pedersen, Karin; Søndermark, Kirsten (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      The Danish Multiple Sclerosis Society initiated a large-scale bridge building and integrative treatment project to take place from 2004–2010 at a specialized Multiple Sclerosis (MS) hospital. In this project, a team of five conventional health care practitioners and five alternative practitioners was set up to work together in developing and offering individualized treatments to 200 people with MS. ...
    • Investigation of the antiviral effects of artesunate on BK and JC polyomavirus replication 

      Sharma, Biswa Nath (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2014-09-19)
      The ubiquitous human BK and JC polyomaviruses cause the diseases polyomavirus-associated nephropathy, hemoragic cystitis and progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in immunosuppressed patients. There are no antiviral drugs for these diseases which often lead to kidney graft loss, severe disability and premature death. As a first step in the evaluation of the malaria drug artesunate as a future ...
    • Investigational Clinical Trial of a Prototype Optoelectronic Computer-Aided Navigation Device for Dental Implant Surgery 

      Jokstad, Asbjørn; Winnett, Brenton; Fava, Joseph; Powell, David; Somogyi-Ganss, Eszter (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-06)
      Purpose: New digital technologies enable real-time computer-aided (CA) three-dimensional (3D) guidance during dental implant surgery. The aim of this investigational clinical trial was to demonstrate the safety and effectiveness of a prototype optoelectronic CA-navigation device in comparison with the conventional approach for planning and effecting dental implant surgery. Materials and Methods: ...
    • Investigations of binding mode for the cyclopentapeptide CXCR4 antagonist FC131 by induced fit docking 

      Abera, Natnael (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2009-06-12)
      The GPCR CXCR4 is a chemokine receptor that by activation of its natural ligand SDF-1α is involved in the pathology of several diseases like cancer metastasis, leukemia cell progression and rheumatoid arthritis. The finding that CXCR4 plays a critical role for HIV-1 entry into T cells prompts additional motivation for the design of CXCR4 inhibitor. The establishment of the possible binding mode(s) ...