Viser treff 2793-2812 av 5637

    • Involuntary psychiatric admission: how the patients are detected and the general practitioners' expectations for hospitalization. An interview-based study 

      Røtvold, Ketil; Wynn, Rolf (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-03-08)
      <p>Background: In Norway, it is usually GPs that refer patients to involuntary admission. A high proportion of such referrals come from out-of-hours clinics. Little is known about who first initiate the contact between the patients and the referring doctors and which expectations the referring doctors have with respect to the involuntary admissions. The aim of the study was to examine who first ...
    • Involvement in research and development projects among community-working occupational therapists in Norway 

      Bonsaksen, Tore; Dolva, Anne-Stine; Hagby, Cathrine; Sveen, Unni; Horghagen, Sissel; Thyness, Else Merete; Arntzen, Cathrine (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-12-31)
      A cross-sectional descriptive survey was conducted (n = 561). Almost half of the participants took part in research and development projects. Being involved in research and development was associated with lower age, having further education, and higher levels of work experience. The current and prioritized research topics were reablement and assistive technology. The study implies that community-working ...
    • Involvement of aph(3')-IIa in the formation of mosaic aminoglycoside resistance genes in natural environments 

      Woegerbauer, Markus; Kuffner, Melanie; Domingues, Sara; Nielsen, Kaare Magne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-05-19)
      Intragenic recombination leading to mosaic gene formation is known to alter resistance profiles for particular genes and bacterial species. Few studies have examined to what extent aminoglycoside resistance genes undergo intragenic recombination. We screened the GenBank database for mosaic gene formation in homologs of the aph(3′)-IIa (nptII) gene. APH(3′)-IIa inactivates important aminoglycoside ...
    • Iohexol plasma clearance for measuring glomerular filtration rate in clinical practice and research: a review. Part 2: Why to measure glomerular filtration rate with iohexol? 

      Delanaye, Pierre; Melsom, Toralf; Ebert, Natalie; Bäck, Sten-Erik; Mariat, Christophe; Cavalier, Etienne; Björk, Jonas; Christensson, Anders; Nyman, Ulf; Porrini, Esteban; Remuzzi, Giuseppe; Ruggenenti, Piero; Schaeffner, Elke; Soveri, Inga; Sterner, Gunnar; Eriksen, Bjørn Odvar; Gasperi, Flavia (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-09-09)
      A reliable assessment of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is of paramount importance in clinical practice as well as epidemiological and clinical research settings. It is recommended by Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes guidelines in specific populations (anorectic, cirrhotic, obese, renal and non-renal transplant patients) where estimation equations are unreliable. Measured GFR is the ...
    • Iohexol plasma clearance for measuring glomerular filtration rate in clinical practice and research: a review. Part 1: How to measure glomerular filtration rate with iohexol? 

      Delanaye, Pierre; Ebert, Natalie; Melsom, Toralf; Gasperi, Flavia; Mariat, Christophe; Cavalier, Etienne; Björk, Jonas; Christensson, Anders; Nyman, Ulf; Porrini, Esteban; Remuzzi, Giuseppe; Ruggenenti, Piero; Schaeffner, Elke; Soveri, Inga; Sterner, Gunnar; Eriksen, Bjørn Odvar; Bäck, Sten-Erik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-08-23)
      While there is general agreement on the necessity tomeasure glomerular filtration rate (GFR) inmany clinical situations, there is less agreement on the bestmethod to achieve this purpose.As the gold standardmethod for GFR determination, urinary (or renal) clearance of inulin, fades into the background due to inconvenience and high cost, a diversity of filtrationmarkers and protocols compete to ...
    • Ionizing radiation abrogates the pro-tumorigenic capacity of cancer-associated fibroblasts co-implanted in xenografts 

      Grinde, Maria Tunset; Vik, Jørg; Camilio, Ketil Andre; Martinez-Zubiaurre, Inigo; Hellevik, Turid (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-04-25)
      Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are abundantly present in solid tumors and affect tumorigenesis and therapeutic responses. In the context of clinical radiotherapy, the impact of irradiated CAFs to treatment outcomes is largely unexplored. Aiming at improving radiotherapy efficacy, we have here explored the effect of radiation on the inherent pro-tumorigenic capacity of CAFs in animals. Ionizing ...
    • IP i Psykisk helsetjeneste. Bruk av individuell plan i psykisk helsetjeneste - en kvalitativ studie 

      Pedersen, Anne-Lise (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2017-05-08)
      Studien har som formål å øke kunnskap og forståelse for utfordringer Psykisk helsearbeidere i kommunen erfarer med bruk av individuell plan i psykisk helsetjeneste.
    • IP-10 differentiates between active and latent tuberculosis irrespective of HIV status and declines during therapy 

      Wergeland, Ida; Pullar, Nadine Durema; Assmus, Jörg; Ueland, Thor; Tonby, Kristian; Feruglio, Siri; Kvale, Dag; Damås, Jan Kristian; Aukrust, Pål; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-01-15)
      Objectives: Biomarkers for diagnosis and therapy efficacy in tuberculosis (TB) are requested. We have studied biomarkers that may differentiate between active and latent TB infection (LTBI), the influence of HIV infection and changes during anti-TB chemotherapy. Methods: Thirty-eight plasma cytokines, assessed by multiplex and enzyme immunoassays, were analyzed in patients with active TB before ...
    • Ipsilateral hemisfærehevelse som prediktor for dårlig klinisk status og utkomme ved kronisk subduralt hematom 

      Woll, Benedikte Cecilie (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-05-31)
      Formål: Pasienter med kronisk subduralt hematom kan raskt fallere og bli kritisk dårlig med behov for akutt kirurgi. Å forutse hvilke pasienter dette gjelder er vanskelig, spesielt siden det man ser på CT-bildene ikke nødvendigvis samsvarer med den kliniske utviklingen. Denne studien undersøker om hevelse i ipsilateral cerebral hemisfære er mulig å kvantifisere på CT-bilder, og om hevelse i så fall ...
    • IQ as a moderator of outcome in severity of children's mental health status after treatment in outpatient clinics 

      Mathiassen, Børge Idar; Brøndbo, Per Håkan; Waterloo, Knut; Martinussen, Monica; Eriksen, Mads; Hanssen-Bauer, Ketil; Kvernmo, Siv (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Psychotherapy is an effective treatment for mental health disorders, but even with the most efficacious treatment, many patients do not experience improvement. Moderator analysis can identify the conditions under which treatment is effective or whether there are factors that can attenuate the effects of treatment. In this study, linear mixed model analysis was used to examine whether the Full Scale ...
    • IQ as a Predictor and Moderator of Children’s Mental Health Status 

      Mathiassen, Børge (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2015-01-27)
    • Iron status and anemia in a cohort of youths in Northern Norway. The Fit Futures Study 

      Bremnes, Erlend Jensen; Sulheim, Mari Johanne (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-05-29)
      Background: Adolescents are at risk of developing iron deficiency (ID) and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) due to rapid growth and sexual maturation. Objectives: Our objectives were to; (1) examine gender-specific distribution of hemoglobin and ferritin, and whether certain lifestyle factors influence on these; (2) describe the prevalence of iron deficiency, iron deficiency anemia and anemia, and; (3) ...
    • Iron stores and hemoglobin are negatively related with carotid atherosclerosis: the Tromsø Study. A cross-sectional study 

      Santos Lousada, Sara Margarida (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2017-05-19)
      Background: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) remain the leading cause of mortality and morbidity globally. Iron has been suggested to have role in CVD though, epidemiological findings have been conflicting. The primary aim of this study was to investigate the possible role of body iron in carotid atherosclerosis in a population-based survey. Further, we wanted to analyze the prevalence of carotid plaques ...
    • Ironic effects of suppressing specific and non-specific demography-related thoughts in job candidate evaluations. 

      Babaii, Aida (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2014-05-15)
      This present work explored the suppression instructions conveyed during an applicant evaluation process. The following experiment predicted that the participants in the specific suppression condition would evaluate the stereotypical applicants less favorably compared to participants in the other conditions. The participants received one of three suppression instructions: one instructed them to ...
    • Irrational Delay Revisited: Examining Five Procrastination Scales in a Global Sample 

      Svartdal, Frode; Steel, Piers (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-10)
      Scales attempting to measure procrastination focus on different facets of the phenomenon, yet they share a common understanding of procrastination as an unnecessary, unwanted, and disadvantageous delay. The present paper examines in a global sample (N = 4,169) five different procrastination scales – Decisional Procrastination Scale (DPS), Irrational Procrastination Scale (IPS), Pure Procrastination ...
    • Irritable bowel syndrome. Nutritional and lifestyle risk factors in a Norwegian population 

      Pettersen, Stian Aleksander (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2013-06-02)
      Objective: To study potential lifestyle and nutritional risk factors for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in an adult northern Norwegian population. In addition, report on some of the known risk factors for IBS in this population. Materials and methods: In 2007, 19 762 adults (aged 30-87) from the municipality of Tromsø in Northern Norway, were invited to attend a general health survey. A total of ...
    • Is a high level of general practitioner consultations associated with low outpatients specialist clinic use? A cross-sectional study 

      Deraas, Trygve Sigvart; Berntsen, Gro; Hasvold, Toralf; Ringberg, Unni; Førde, Olav Helge (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Objective: To examine if increased general practice activity is associated with lower outpatient specialist clinic use. Design: Cross-sectional population based study. Setting: All 430 Norwegian municipalities in 2009. Participants: All Norwegians aged ≥65 years (n=721 915; 56% women—15% of the total population). Main outcome measure: Specialised care outpatient clinic consultations per 1000 ...
    • Is a modified Global Trigger Tool method using automatic trigger identification valid when measuring adverse events? A comparison of review methods using automatic and manual trigger identification 

      Mevik, Kjersti; Hansen, Tonje Elisabeth; Deilkås, Ellen C Tveter; Ringdal, Alexander; Vonen, Barthold (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-08)
      <p><i>Objectives - </i>To evaluate a modified Global Trigger Tool (GTT) method with manual review of automatic triggered records to measure adverse events. <p><i>Design - </i>A cross-sectional study was performed using the original GTT method as gold standard compared to a modified GTT method. <p><i>Setting - </i>Medium size hospital trust in Northern Norway. <p><i>Participants - </i>One thousand ...
    • Is age at menarche associated with total mortality? The Tromsø Study 

      Lundblad, Marie Wasmuth; Jacobsen, Bjarne K. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-05-01)
      <p><i>Purpose</i>: Early age at menarche (AAM) has been associated with increased mortality and morbidity, including premature death from all causes, breast cancer and cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to examine the association between AAM and all-cause mortality.</p> <p><i>Subjects and methods</i>: A total of 12,409 women aged 25–94 years who took part in the fourth Tromsø Study ...
    • Is Beauty in the Face of the Beholder? 

      Laeng, Bruno; Vermeer, Oddrun; Sulutvedt, Unni (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Opposing forces influence assortative mating so that one seeks a similar mate while at the same time avoiding inbreeding with close relatives. Thus, mate choice may be a balancing of phenotypic similarity and dissimilarity between partners. In the present study, we assessed the role of resemblance to Self’s facial traits in judgments of physical attractiveness. Participants chose the most attractive ...