Now showing items 4472-4491 of 5513

    • Role of respondents' education as a mediator and moderator in the association between childhood socio-economic status and later health and wellbeing 

      Sheikh, Mashhood Ahmed; Abelsen, Birgit; Olsen, Jan Abel (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-11-18)
    • A role of Sp1 binding motifs in basal and large T-Antigen-induced promoter activities of human polyomavirus HPyV9 and its variant UF-1 

      Moens, Ugo; Song, Xiaobo; Van Ghelue, Marijke; Lednicky, John A.; Ehlers, Bernhard (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-11-14)
      Human polyomavirus 9 (HPyV9) was originally detected in the serum of a renal transplant patient. Seroepidemiological studies showed that ~20-50% of the human population have antibodies against this virus. HPyV9 has not yet been associated with any disease and little is known about the route of infection, transmission, host cell tropism, and genomic variability in circulating strains. Recently, the ...
    • The role of Staphylococcus aureus in allergic disease and cross-reactivity in fish allergy 

      Sørensen, Martin (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2017-09-29)
      Aims: The aims was to describe prevalence`s of allergic disease in adolescents and study associations between allergic diseases and Staphylococcus aureus. Secondly, to study cross-reactivity in fish allergic children and the utility of existing and novel tests for fish allergy. Material and Methods: Prevalence of allergic diseases and associations to Staphylococcus aureus was studied in a cross-sectional ...
    • The role of steroid hormone receptors in prostate cancer. A study of estrogen- and progesterone receptors in adenocarcinoma of the prostate 

      Grindstad, Thea Karoline Walstad (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2018-06-15)
      Steroid hormones and their receptors are vital for numerous physiological processes in the human body, but also related to the development of several malignancies. One such receptor strongly associated with prostate cancer, is the androgen receptor. Other steroid hormone receptors are also implicated in prostate cancer, their role, however, remains to be defined. Using immunohistochemistry and tissue ...
    • The Role of Stroke as a Trigger for Incident Venous Thromboembolism: Results from a Population-based Case-Crossover Study 

      Morelli, Vania Maris; Sejrup, Joakim Knutsen; Småbrekke, Birgit; Rinde, Ludvig B; Grimnes, Gro; Isaksen, Trond; Hansen, John-Bjarne; Hindberg, Kristian; Brækkan, Sigrid Kufaas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-02-22)
      Stroke is associated with a short-term increased risk of subsequent venous thromboembolism (VTE). It is unclear to what extent this association is mediated by strokerelated complications that are potential triggers for VTE, such as immobilization and infection. We aimed to investigate the role of acute stroke as a trigger for incident VTE while taking other concomitant VTE triggers into account. ...
    • Role of the Complement System in the Pathogenesis of Venous Thromboembolism 

      Høiland, Ina Isabella (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2019-04-02)
      Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common disease with serious short- and long-term complications. VTE is a collective term for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) and is the third most common cardiovascular disease, causing significant morbidity and mortality. Despite preventive strategies, the incidence of VTE has been stable or increasing slightly during the last decades, affecting ...
    • The role of the estrogen receptor α in the medial amygdala and the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus in sexual motivation, social recognition, aggression and anxiety 

      Spiteri, Thierry (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2010-09-01)
      Estrogens have been shown to be implicated not only in sexual behaviors but also in several cognitive functions, social behaviors, and emotional reactions. Estrogen receptors mediate estrogen actions in the brain and the estrogen receptor α (ERα) has attracted some attention. Although the display of female sexual motivation and copulatory behaviors require estrogens, their sites of action in brain ...
    • Role of the mannose receptor in tumor associated macrophages. Studies in a mouse melanoma model 

      Rønningen, Iselin (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2014-04-15)
      Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) play an important role in cancer-related inflammation. TAMs develop M2 polarization which may support tumor growth. Mannose receptor (MR) expression is a hallmark for this cell-subpopulation, and the MR has recently been suggested to be involved in TAM polarization. The aim of the study was to investigate the role of MR in TAM polarization and tumor development ...
    • Role of the “differently-abled” researcher: Challenges and solutions in inclusive research 

      Melbøe, Line (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-07-30)
      This article examines the role of the “differently-abled” researcher in facilitating inclusive research with adults (age 16 and older) with intellectual disabilities living in Sami areas of Norway. Topics discussed include challenges that may arise while conducting such research due to the nature of the project (externally-funded pre-existing project), methods applied (quantitative) and people ...
    • The role of ultrasonic vocalizations in the formation of rat groups in a semi-natural environment 

      Skagen, Bjørn (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-05-03)
      This study investigated if ultrasonic vocalizations (USV) had an effect on the formation of groups of rats in a semi-natural setting that allowed the rats to live closer to their natural state in the wild. This was done by letting four groups of rats into a semi-natural environment. Where prior to release into the environment, all the rats received surgery. Where some of the rats had the nerve to ...
    • The role of Vitamin D binding protein, total and free 25-hydroxyvitamin D in diabetes 

      Jorde, Rolf (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-02-19)
      Vitamin D is important for bone health, but may also have extra-skeletal effects. Vitamin D and its binding protein DBP have immunological effects and may therefore be important in the development of type 1 diabetes (T1DM), and low serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) are associated with later development of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). However, it has so far been difficult to convincingly show ...
    • Roles of human papillomavirus (HPV) and human immunodeficiecyvirus (HIV) in cervix uteri cancer 

      Moatshe, Gilbert B. (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2002-08)
    • ”Rollen min ble mye viktigere enn jeg noen gang før har opplevd”. En kvalitativ studie av ergoterapistudenter i tverrfaglig studentteam 

      Bugge, Eirin Flak (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-09-30)
      Tverrfaglig samarbeid er veldig aktuelt innenfor helsetjenesten, og er fastlagt i lovverk og omtalt i andre politiske dokumenter som er knyttet opp mot helsetjenesten. Hensikten med denne masteroppgaven er å belyse hva studenter som har deltatt i praksis i tverrfaglige studentteam beskriver som egen yrkesutøvelse. Tverrfaglige studentteam ble arrangert av et pilot¬prosjekt ved Universitetet i Tromsø ...
    • Rollen til urokinase plasminogen aktivator reseptoren (uPAR) for uttrykk av molekyler involvert i celle adhesjon, migrasjon og invasjon 

      Haustreis, Stine-Mari (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2010-05-20)
      Urokinase-type-plasminogen activator reseptor (uPAR) er funnet overuttrykt i organer som har omfattende remodulering av vevet. uPAR har flere ligander, blant annet serine proteasen urokinase plasminogen aktivator uPA, ekstracellulær matrix proteine vitronectin og integriner. uPA aktiveres ved binding til uPAR. Aktiv uPA aktiverer ved binding til uPAR og kan deretter aktivere plasmin som kan degradere ...
    • Rotatormansjettsyndrom - hvilke konservative behandlingsformer har dokumentert effekt? - Et litteraturstudie 

      Isaksen, Ingrid Margrethe; Winther, Karoline (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2013-04-24)
      BAKGRUNN: Rotatormansjettsyndrom er den hyppigste årsaken til skuldersmerter. Årsaken bak tilstanden er multifaktoriell. Mangel på en gullstandard for diagnostikk, klassifisering, bruk av terminologi og behandlingsprotokoller for skuldersmerter gjør sammenligning av forskningsresultater problematisk. Det finnes mange behandlingsalternativer for tilstanden, men ingen kunnskapsbasert behandlingsveieleder ...
    • Routine deferred computed tomography for patients with suspected urolithiasis is low-value healthcare 

      Rosenlund, Ingvild Mathiesen; Førde, Olav Helge; Revhaug, Arthur (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-11-23)
      <p><i>Objective - </i>The aim of this study was to investigate the benefits of deferred routine computed tomography of the kidneys, ureters and bladder (CT KUB) for patients with a self-limiting episode of suspected urolithiasis. <p><i>Materials and methods - </i>The study comprised a case series of consecutive patients examined with deferred routine CT KUB for control of suspected urolithiasis. ...
    • Rural general practice patients’ coping with hazards and harm: an interview study 

      Harbitz, Martin Bruusgaard; Brandstorp, Helen; Gaski, Margrete (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-10-18)
      <i>Objective</i>: The aim of this study is to identify and analyse rural general practice patients’ experiences of hazards and harm that comprise adverse events, and their strategies for coping with them.<p> <p><i>Design</i>: Interview study using systematic text condensation and coping strategy theory in an abductive analysis process.<p> <p><i>Setting</i>: Nine rural general practice clinics ...
    • Rural GPs’ attitudes toward participating in emergency medicine: a qualitative study 

      Hjortdahl, Magnus; Halvorsen, Peder Andreas; Risør, Mette Bech (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-11-09)
      <p><i>Objective: </i>Health authorities want to increase general practitioner (GP) participation in emergency medicine, but the role of the GP in this context controversial. We explored GPs’ attitudes toward emergency medicine and call outs.<br><p> <p><i>Design:</i> Thematic analysis of focus group interviews.<br><p> <p><i>Setting:</i> Four rural casualty clinics in Norway.<br><p> <p><i>Parti ...
    • Rural High North : A High Rate of Fatal Injury and Prehospital Death 

      Bakke, Håkon Kvåle; Wisborg, Torben (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      Finnmark County is the northernmost county in Norway. For several decades, the rate of mortality after injury in this sparsely inhabited region has remained above the national average. Following documentation of this discrepancy for the period 1991–1995, improvements to the trauma system were implemented. The present study aims to assess whether trauma-related mortality rates have subsequently ...
    • Rusmisbruk og bruk av rusmidler ved avvenning. Metadonbehandling i Norge 

      Leirbakk, Siw-Lindia (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2004)