Viser treff 5430-5449 av 5604

    • Validity of self-reported out-of-school physical activity among finnish 11-year-old children 

      Määttä, Suvi; Nuutinen, Teija; Ray, Carola; Eriksson, Johan G.; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Roos, Eva (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-02-08)
      Background: The aim of this study is to assess the repeatability and validity of the Finnish 11-year old children’s out-of-school physical activity (PA) questionnaire using accelerometer as reference method. A sub-sample of children (N = 155, 60 % participant rate) participating in the Finnish Health in Teens study was recruited in 2013. Children completed a questionnaire measuring PA two times, ...
    • Validity of the Polar M430 Activity Monitor in Free-Living Conditions: Validation Study 

      Henriksen, André; Grimsgaard, Sameline; Horsch, Alexander; Hartvigsen, Gunnar; Hopstock, Laila Arnesdatter (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-08-16)
      <i>Background</i>: Accelerometers, often in conjunction with heart rate sensors, are extensively used to track physical activity (PA) in research. Research-grade instruments are often expensive and have limited battery capacity, limited storage, and high participant burden. Consumer-based activity trackers are equipped with similar technology and designed for long-term wear, and can therefore ...
    • Validity, reliability and Norwegian adaptation of the Stroke-Specific Quality of Life (SS-QOL) scale 

      Pedersen, Synne Garder; Heiberg, Guri Anita; Feldbæk Nielsen, Jørgen; Friborg, Oddgeir; Holm Stabel, Henriette; Anke, Audny; Arntzen, Cathrine (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-01-08)
      <p><i>Background</i>: There is a paucity of stroke-specific instruments to assess health-related quality of life in the Norwegian language. The objective was to examine the validity and reliability of a Norwegian version of the 12-domain Stroke-Specific Quality of Life scale.</p> <p><i>Methods</i>: A total of 125 stroke survivors were prospectively recruited. Questionnaires were administered at ...
    • The value of population campaigns offering free-of-charge HIV-testing 

      Holtedahl, Knut A.; Bonono, Leonard; Salpou, Daniel (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2005)
    • Variability in peripheral rewarming after cold stress among 255 healthy Norwegian army conscripts assessed by dynamic infrared thermography 

      Norheim, Arne Johan; Borud, Einar Kristian; Wilsgaard, Tom; DeWeerd, Louis; Mercer, James (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-16)
      Exposure to cold climate is an inevitable consequence of military training in Norway. Adequate peripheral microcirculation in the extremities is important to maintain temperature, and to protect against freezing cold injuries. The aim of this study was to investigate the variability in skin rewarming ability. The study subjects consisted of 260 healthy Norwegian army conscripts, following a mild ...
    • Variation among examiners in early detection of palatally displaced maxillary canines, using visual inspection and palpation. A pilot study 

      Rønningen, Øystein; Jæger, Stine (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2013-05-27)
      Objective: The aim was to study inter-examiner variation in detection of palatally displaced maxillary canines by using the palpation method, and to examine how different dental health care personnel evaluate the need for X-ray when ectopic eruption of maxillary canines is suspected. Materials and Methods: The subjects comprised 52 ten-year-olds (104 canines). Four investigators (2 dental students, ...
    • Variation in general supportive and preventive intensive care management of traumatic brain injury: a survey in 66 neurotrauma centers participating in the Collaborative European NeuroTrauma Effectiveness Research in Traumatic Brain Injury (CENTER-TBI) study 

      Huijben, Jilske A.; Volovici, Victor; Cnossen, Maryse C.; Haitsma, Iain K.; Stocchetti, Nino; Maas, Andrew I. R.; Menon, David K.; Ercole, Ari; Citerio, Giuseppe; Nelson, David; Polinder, Suzanne; Steyerberg, Ewout W.; Lingsma, Hester F.; van der Jagt, Mathieu; Vik, Anne; Andelic, Nada; Andreassen, Lasse; Anke, Audny; Frisvold, Shirin; Helseth, Eirik; Roise, Olav; Skandsen, Toril; Håberg, Asta; Røe, Cecilie (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-04-13)
      <p><i>Background</i>: General supportive and preventive measures in the intensive care management of traumatic brain injury (TBI) aim to prevent or limit secondary brain injury and optimize recovery. The aim of this survey was to assess and quantify variation in perceptions on intensive care unit (ICU) management of patients with TBI in European neurotrauma centers.</p> <p><i>Methods</i>: We ...
    • Variation in neurosurgical management of traumatic brain injury: a survey in 68 centers participating in the CENTER-TBI study 

      Van Essen, Thomas; den Boogert, HF; Cnossen, MC; De Ruiter, Godard CW; Haitsma, Ian; Polinder, S; Steyerberg, Ewout W.; Menon, David; Maas, Andrew I. R.; Lingsma, Hester F; Peul, Wilco; Andelic, Nada; Helseth, Eirik; Roise, O; Røe, Cecilie; Vik, Anne; Skandsen, Toril; Anke, Audny; Frisvold, Shirin Kordasti (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-12-19)
      <p><i>Background</i>: Neurosurgical management of traumatic brain injury (TBI) is challenging, with only low-quality evidence. We aimed to explore differences in neurosurgical strategies for TBI across Europe.</p> <p><i>Methods</i>: A survey was sent to 68 centers participating in the Collaborative European Neurotrauma Effectiveness Research in Traumatic Brain Injury (CENTER-TBI) study. The ...
    • Variation in nordic work-related cancer risks after adjustment for alcohol and tobacco 

      Kjærheim, Kristina; Haldorsen, Tor; Lynge, Elsebeth; Martinsen, Jan Ivar; Pukkala, Eero; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Grimsrud, Tom Kristian (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-12-06)
      Background: <br>Alcohol and tobacco strongly increases the risk of cancers of the tongue, mouth, pharynx, larynx, and oesophagus, and are also established risk factors for cancer of the liver, colon, and rectum. It is well documented that these habits are unequally distributed among occupational groups. Most occupational cohort studies lack information on these potentially important confounders, ...
    • A variation of the social context in the warm-up period influences 18-month-olds’ imitation 

      Kim, Ziyon; Óturai, Gabriella; Király, Ildikó; Hirte, Monika; Knopf, Monika (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-02-06)
      The present study aimed to investigate how the prior social disposition of a model in a warm-up period influences 18-month-old infants’ subsequent imitation. Infants were randomly assigned to an interactive and social warm-up period (<i>n</i> = 19) or a non-interactive and non-social warm-up period (<i>n</i> = 19) with the model prior to the imitation task. They then participated in an imitation ...
    • Variations in contact patterns and dispatch guideline adherence between Norwegian emergency medical communication centres - a cross-sectional study 

      Ellensen, Eirin Nybø; Hunskaar, Steinar; Wisborg, Torben; Zakariassen, Erik (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
    • Variations in physiotherapy practices across reablement settings 

      Eliassen, Marianne; Moe, Siri; Henriksen, Nils Oddbjørn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-06-06)
      <i>Background</i>: Reablement aims to improve the self-dependence of people with or at risk of functional decline. Physiotherapists (PTs) are responsible for assessments, developing interventions and supervising home trainers (HTs), who mostly conduct the reablement training. The content of reablement practice is not clearly described. This study explores how physiotherapy practice is performed in ...
    • Variations in suicide method and in suicide occurrence by season and day of the week in Russia and the Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Northwestern Russia: a retrospective population-based mortality study 

      Sumarokov, Yury A.; Brenn, Tormod; Kudryavtsev, Alexander Valerievich; Nilssen, Odd (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-09-23)
      Background: Suicide is an important world health issue, especially in territories inhabited by indigenous people. This investigated differences in suicide rates, suicide methods, and suicide occurrence by month and day of the week among the indigenous and non-indigenous populations of the Nenets Autonomous Okrug (NAO) and to compare the findings from the NAO with national Russian statistics. <p>Methods: ...
    • Vasopressin impairs brain, heart and kidney perfusion: an experimental study in pigs after transient myocardial ischemia 

      Müller, Stig; How, Ole-Jakob; Hermansen, Stig Eggen; Stenberg, Thor Allan; Sager, Georg; Myrmel, Truls (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2008-02-21)
      Introduction: Arginine vasopressin (AVP) is increasingly used to restore mean arterial pressure (MAP) in low-pressure shock states unresponsive to conventional inotropes. This is potentially deleterious since AVP is also known to reduce cardiac output by increasing vascular resistance. The effects of AVP on blood flow to vital organs and cardiac performance in a circulation altered by cardiac ...
    • The VEGF- and PDGF-family of angiogenic markers have prognostic impact in soft tissue sarcomas arising in the extremities and trunk 

      Kilvær, Thomas Karsten; Smeland, Eivind; Valkov, Andrey Yurjevich; Sørbye, Sveinung Wergeland; Bremnes, Roy M.; Busund, Lill-Tove; Dønnem, Tom (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Background: Soft-tissue sarcomas are rare malignant tumors of mesenchymal lineage that can arise in any part of the body. Prognosis, and hence also treatment may vary according to histologic subtype and localization. Angiogenesis is the process of forming new blood vessels from pre-existing ones. The deregulation of this process is thought to be an important step in malignant transformation. This ...
    • "Veien blir jo så smal etter kvært": en studie av levd erfaring av å leve med alvorlig kronisk obstruktiv lungesykdom (KOLS) 

      Lindgren, Sari (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-05-16)
      Formålet med denne mastergradsoppaven er gjennom fenomenologisk tilnærming å få en dypere forståelse av erfaringer med å leve med alvorlig Kronisk obstruktiv lungesykdom (KOLS). Farmakologisk behandling kan bedre og lindre symptomer, men kan ikke hindre at sykdommen utvikler seg. KOLS er ofte assosiert med akutt forverring (exacerbasjoner) av symptomer. Dette kan bli livstruende og pasienten kan få ...
    • Veien hjem. Et spørsmål om barnevernets anbefaling i tilbakeføringssaker. En kvalitativ studie av utfordringer som saksbehandlere i barnevernet kan stå overfor når de skal beslutte i tilbakeføringssaker. 

      Varvik, Lill Anita (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-05-07)
      SAMMENDRAG Bakgrunn: Studiens bakgrunn er et ønske om økt kunnskap om hvorfor så få barn flytter hjem til foreldrene, etter en omsorgsovertakelse. Dette ønsket kan ses i sammenheng med at barns lengsel hjem, kan medføre en fremtidig negativ utvikling av barnets psykiske helse. Problemstilling: Hvilke utfordringer møter saksbehandlere i barnevernet når det skal fattes vedtak i spørsmål om tilbakeføring ...
    • Veien til uførepensjon : en sammenligning av stønadshistorikk før innvilget uførepensjon i år 1995, 2000 og 2005 

      Kielland, Line (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-01-03)
      Bakgrunn: Grunnet bekymring for tilveksten til uførepensjonsordningen har det i løpet av de seneste 15 årene vært gjennomført betydelige endringer i lovverk, offentlige retningslinjer og politiske føringer. På bakgrunn av dette vil det være interessant å studere perioden fra personer blir uføre første gang til innvilget uførepensjon, blant annet for å avdekke andre ytelser som har blitt tilstått i ...
    • Veier til bedring og mestring av medisinsk uforklarte symptomer hos unge voksne. En kvalitativ undersøkelse 

      Sølna, Hilde Taraldsteen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-05-02)
      Formålet med studien er å utforske unge voksnes beskrivelser av veier til bedring og mestring av medisinsk uforklarte symptomer (MUPS). En stadig økene andel personer kontakter helsevesenet med plager som faller inn under denne samlebetegnelsen. Forskning viser at det kan være noe tilfeldig hvilken behandling og oppfølging denne pasientgruppen får. De kan derfor ofte føle seg misforstått eller ...