Now showing items 5368-5387 of 5456

    • Waiting for nursing home placement: a study of the life situation of frail elderly and their carers 

      Fjelltun, Aud-Mari Sohini (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2009-01-30)
      Den forventede levealderen har økt nesten over hele verden. Dette har ført til at antall eldre stiger raskt, og veksten er ventet å fortsette. I Norge vokser gruppen eldre over 80 år raskest. Det er gjennomført mye internasjonal forskning om eldre og det å være deres pårørende. Fokus i denne studien var eldre som ventet på sykehjemsplass i en nordnorsk kommune, og deres pårørende. Det ble ikke ...
    • Wandering body, wandering mind? The relationship between bodily movement, creativity and mind wandering 

      Opdal, Ida Marie (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-05-04)
      It has long been hypothesized that creativity may be related to mind wandering. Recent work has shown that bodily movement is related to both creativity and mind wandering. In the current experiment, we examined the question as to whether mind wandering and creativity would be simultaneously enhanced during an active walking condition relative to an inactive control condition. The experiment included ...
    • Water, sanitation, socioeconomic status and prevalence of waterborne diseases: a cross-sectional study at Makwanpur district, Nepal 

      Sedhain, Prapti (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2014-05-20)
      Background: Nepal is a developing country. Lack of sustainability of water supply and sanitation services are always considered as major issue in developing countries that accounts for high prevalence of waterborne diseases such as diarrhea, dysentery, cholera, typhoid, and jaundice. In addition, socioeconomic status such as; education, income and occupation are also the bottle-necks in developing ...
    • ‘‘We are like lemmings’’: making sense of the cultural meaning(s) of suicide among the indigenous Sami in Sweden 

      Stoor, Jon Petter A; Kaiser, Niclas; Jacobsson, Lars; Renberg, Ellinor Salander; Silviken, Anne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-09-01)
      Background. Suicide is a widespread problem among indigenous people residing in the circumpolar Arctic. Though the situation among the indigenous Sami in northern Scandinavia is better than among some other indigenous people, suicide is still regarded as a major public health issue. To adapt prevention strategies that are culturally attuned one must understand how suicide is understood within ...
    • "We own the illness”: a qualitative study of networks in two communities with mixed ethnicity in Northern Norway 

      Larsen, Anette Iren Langås; Salamonsen, Anita; Kristoffersen, Agnete Egilsdatter; Hamran, Torunn; Evjen, Bjørg; Stub, Trine (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-02-21)
      Background: When people in Northern Norway get ill, they often use traditional medicine. The global aim of this study was to examine the extended family networks’ function and responsibility in cases of illness in the family, in two Northern Norwegian communities with a population of mixed ethnicity.<p> Methods: Semi-structured individual interviews with 13 participants and 4 focus group interviews ...
    • A web-based telemedicine system for low-resource settings 13 years on: insights from referrers and specialists 

      Patterson, Victor; Wootton, Richard (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Background: One way to tackle health inequalities in resource-poor settings is to establish links between doctors and health professionals there and specialists elsewhere using web-based telemedicine. One such system run by the Swinfen Charitable Trust has been in existence for 13 years which is an unusually long time for such systems. Objective: We wanted to gain some insights into whether and ...
    • Weight Change and Risk of Venous Thromboembolism: The Tromsø Study 

      Horvei, Lars Daae; Brækkan, Sigrid Kufaas; Hansen, John-Bjarne (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-12-20)
      <b>Background:</b> Obesity is a major risk factor for venous thromboembolism (VTE), but it is unknown to what extent weight change over time affects VTE risk.<br> <b>Aims:</b> To investigate the association between weight change and risk of incident VTE in a population-based cohort with repeated measurements.<br> <b>Methods:</b> Participant data were collected from the Tromsø 3 (1986–87), 4 ...
    • Welfare and labour-force participation of kinship foster mothers 

      Holtan, Amy; Thørnblad, Renee (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2009)
      Objective: Kinship foster care has become the placement of choice in the Western world. This article explores the welfare, labour-force participation, and caregiving role of kinship foster mothers in Norway. <br>Method: The study supplements a quantitative study of Norwegian long-term kinship and nonkinship foster care with a qualitative study of parenting in formal kinship foster care. A total of ...
    • What are diabetes patients discussing on social media? 

      Gabarron, Elia; Bradway, Meghan; Årsand, Eirik (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2016-11-15)
      Social media channels are being used more and more by people with diabetes for exchanging health information, experiences with their chronic condition, and asking and giving advice to their peers[1]. The objective of this study is to describe the nature of the information that is shared on Norwegian diabetes social media groups, and the users’ reactions to these posts.
    • What are the molecular consequences of germline mutations in breast and ovarian cancer susceptibility genes in a Norwegian breast and ovarian cancer population? 

      Jarhelle, Elisabeth (Doctoral thesis; Doktorgradsavhandling, 2018-06-01)
      It is estimated that 5-10% of breast cancers (BC) and 25% of ovarian cancers (OC) are caused by inherited sequence variants in genes. In the mid 90’s, the two genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 were discovered to be directly associated with increased risk of BC and OC. Molecular screening of these two genes has revealed several disease causing variants as well as variants of unknown clinical significance (VUS). ...
    • What can we talk about, in which language, in what way and with whom? Sami patients’ experiences of language choice and cultural norms in mental health treatment 

      Dagsvold, Inger Johanne; Møllersen, Snefrid; Stordahl, Vigdis (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-05-13)
      <p><i>Background - </i>The Sami in Norway have a legal right to receive health services adapted to Sami language and culture. This calls for a study of the significance of language choice and cultural norms in Sami patients’ encounters with mental health services. <p><i>Objectives - </i>To explore the significance of language and cultural norms in communication about mental health topics experienced ...
    • What characterises women who eat potatoes? A cross-sectional study among 74,208 women in the Norwegian Women and Cancer cohort 

      Åsli, Lene Angell; Braaten, Tonje; Olsen, Anja; Lund, Eiliv; Skeie, Guri (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-02-19)
      <p>Background: Studies of potato consumption have shown that age, region, socioeconomic status, and household structure are important determinants. <p>Objective: This study aims to map which factors influence potato consumption among women in the Norwegian Women and Cancer (NOWAC) study. <p>Design: A cross-sectional study using a postal questionnaire among 74,208 NOWAC participants aged ...
    • What circumstances lead to non-disclosure of cancer-related information in China? A qualitative study 

      Ni, Yi Hu; Alræk, Terje (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-11-11)
      Background: Withholding information from cancer patients is a common practice in many Asian countries, including China, Japan, and Singapore, as well as in some Western countries, such as Spain, Greece, and Italy. Much research has investigated why doctors withhold information from cancer patients generally, both in the West and the East, but little research has been done on specifically ...
    • What do Australian consumers, pharmacists and prescribers think about documenting indications on prescriptions and dispensed medicines labels?: A qualitative study 

      Garada, Mona; McLachlan, Andrew J; Schiff, Gordon D; Lehnbom, Elin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-11-15)
      Background: Documenting the indication on prescriptions and dispensed medicines labels is not standard practice in Australia. However, previous studies that have focused on the content and design of dispensed medicines labels, have suggested including the indication as a safety measure. The aim of this study was to investigate the perspectives of Australian consumers, pharmacists and prescribers ...
    • What Do GPs Actually Know About Their Patients As Persons? 

      Mjølstad, Bente Prytz; Kirkengen, Anna Luise; Getz, Linn; Hetlevik, Irene (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013-09-29)
      Background and Aims: Life experience and existential circumstances have an impact on health. Within medicine, however, the significance to patient care of person-related, biographical knowledge receives only rudimentary emphasis and its substantial theoretical underpinnings are inadequately understood and infrequently applied. This study explores the types and extent of some Norwegian general ...
    • ‘What do you think?’ the collaborative practices of choice and care in a Danish obstetric ultrasound unit. 

      Lou, Stina; Nielsen, Camilla Palmhøj; Hvidman, Lone; Petersen, Olav Bjørn; Risør, Mette Bech (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-10-02)
      This paper is based on ethnographic fieldwork at an obstetric ultrasound unit in Denmark and explores the few, intense minutes of clinical interaction following a high-risk screening result for Down’s syndrome. The category of high-risk transforms the routine ultrasound into a situation of inescapable choice, where the health of the fetus is questioned and decisions must be made. The clinical ...
    • What is called symptom? 

      Eriksen, Thor Eirik; Risør, Mette Bech (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      There is one concept in medicine which is prominent, the symptom. The omnipresence of the symptom seems, however, not to be reflected by an equally prominent curiosity aimed at investigating this concept as a phenomenon. In classic, traditional or conventional medical diagnostics and treatment, the lack of distinction with respect to the symptom represents a minor problem. Faced with enigmatic ...
    • What is important in the surroundings in order to extend the healthy life periode? A regional study of 19 older woman in a northern part of Norway 

      Minde, Gunn-Tove; Sæterstrand, Torill (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2013)
      Introduction: Participating in a community with other retired individuals to increase life quality can be possible for the older persons. Cultural and ethnical background is important for their social identity. Objective:To identify what the informants think is important in their surroundings in order to extend their healthy life period. Study design: A structured questionnaire developed by the ...
    • What is the impact of underweight on self-reported health trajectories and mortality rates: a cohort study 

      Lorem, Geir F; Schirmer, Henrik; Emaus, Nina (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-10-02)
      Background: Utilizing a cohort study design combining a survey approach with repeated physical examinations, we examined the independent effects of BMI on mortality and self-reported health (SRH) and whether these independent effects change as people grow older. <br>Methods: The Tromsø Study consists of six surveys conducted in the municipality of Tromsø, Norway, with large representative ...
    • What is the problem with medically unexplained symptoms for GPs? A meta-synthesis of qualitative studies 

      Johansen, May-Lill; Risør, Mette Bech (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-11-21)
      Objective To gain a deeper understanding of challenges faced by GPs when managing patients with MUS. Methods We used meta-ethnography to synthesize qualitative studies on GPs’ perception and management of MUS. Results The problem with MUS for GPs is the epistemological incongruence between dominant disease models and the reality of meeting patients suffering from persistent illness. ...