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    • Relationships between intensity, duration, cumulative dose, and timing of smoking with age at menopause: A pooled analysis of individual data from 17 observational studies 

      Zhu, Dongshan; Chung, Hsin-Fang; Pandeya, Nirmala; Dobson, Annette J.; Cade, Janet E.; Greenwood, Darren C.; Crawford, Sybil L.; Avis, Nancy E.; Gold, Ellen B.; Mitchell, Ellen S; Woods, Nancy F.; Anderson, Debra; Brown, Daniel E.; Sievert, Lynette L.; Brunner, Eric J.; Kuh, Diana; Hardy, Rebecca; Hayashi, Kunihiko; Lee, Jung Su; Mizunuma, Hideki; Giles, Graham G.; Bruinsma, Fiona; Tillin, Therese; Simonsen, Mette Kildevæld; Adami, Hans Olov; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Canonico, Marianne; Ancelin, Marie-Laure; Demakakos, Panayotes (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-27)
      <p><i>Background</i>: Cigarette smoking is associated with earlier menopause, but the impact of being a former smoker and any dose-response relationships on the degree of smoking and age at menopause have been less clear. If the toxic impact of cigarette smoking on ovarian function is irreversible, we hypothesized that even former smokers might experience earlier menopause, and variations in intensity, ...