Now showing items 1-10 of 13
Combined impact of healthy lifestyle factors on colorectal cancer: A large European cohort study
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
Pre-diagnostic concordance with the WCRF/AICR guidelines and survival in European colorectal cancer patients: A cohort study
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-05-07)
Background: Cancer survivors are advised to follow lifestyle recommendations on diet, physical activity, and body fatness proposed by the World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute of Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) for cancer prevention. Previous studies have demonstrated that higher concordance with these recommendations measured using an index score (the WCRF/AICR score) was associated with ...
Consumption of dairy products and colorectal cancer in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition (EPIC)
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
Background: Prospective studies have consistently reported lower colorectal cancer risks associated with higher intakes of total dairy products, total milk and dietary calcium. However, less is known about whether the inverse associations vary for individual dairy products with differing fat contents. Materials and Methods: In the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC), ...
Circulating copper and zinc levels and risk of hepatobiliary cancers in Europeans
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-02-02)
Background:<br>Copper and zinc are essential micronutrients and cofactors of many enzymatic reactions that may be involved in liver-cancer development. We aimed to assess pre-diagnostic circulating levels of copper, zinc and their ratio (Cu/Zn) in relation to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), intrahepatic bile duct (IHBD) and gall bladder and biliary tract (GBTC) cancers.<br>Methods:<br>A nested ...
A Nested Case–Control Study of Metabolically Defined Body Size Phenotypes and Risk of Colorectal Cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-04-05)
Background:<br> Obesity is positively associated with colorectal cancer. Recently, body size subtypes categorised by the prevalence of hyperinsulinaemia have been defined, and metabolically healthy overweight/obese individuals (without hyperinsulinaemia) have been suggested to be at lower risk of cardiovascular disease than their metabolically unhealthy (hyperinsulinaemic) overweight/obese counterparts. ...
Dietary flavonoid intake and colorectal cancer risk in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition (EPIC) cohort
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-12-22)
Flavonoids have been shown to inhibit colon cancer cell proliferation in vitro and protect against colorectal carcinogenesis in animal models. However, epidemiological evidence on the potential role of flavonoid intake in colorectal cancer (CRC) development remains sparse and inconsistent. We evaluated the association between dietary intakes of total flavonoids and their subclasses and risk of ...
Nut intake and 5-year changes in body weight and obesity risk in adults: results from the EPIC-PANACEA study
(Journal article; Manuskript; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed; Preprint, 2017-07-21)
<p><i>Purpose</i>: There is inconsistent evidence regarding the relationship between higher intake of nuts, being an energy-dense food, and weight gain. We investigated the relationship between nut intake and changes in weight over 5 years.</p> <p><i>Methods</i>: This study includes 373,293 men and women, 25–70 years old, recruited between 1992 and 2000 from 10 European countries in the European ...
Genetic variation in the ADIPOQ gene, adiponectin concentrations and risk of colorectal cancer: a Mendelian Randomization analysis using data from three large cohort studies
(Journal article; Manuskript; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed; Preprint, 2017-05-26)
Higher levels of circulating adiponectin have been related to lower risk of colorectal cancer in several prospective cohort studies, but it remains unclear whether this association may be causal. We aimed to improve causal inference in a Mendelian Randomization meta-analysis using nested case–control studies of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC, 623 cases, 623 ...
Hepcidin levels and gastric cancer risk in the EPIC-EurGast study
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2017-06-21)
Hepcidin is the main regulator of iron homeostasis and dysregulation of proteins involved in iron metabolism has been associated with tumorogenesis. However, to date, no epidemiological study has researched the association between hepcidin levels and gastric cancer risk. To further investigate the relationship between hepcidin levels and gastric cancer risk, we conducted a nested case-control study ...
Exposure to bacterial products lipopolysaccharide and flagellin and hepatocellular carcinoma: A nested case-control study
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-04-04)
Background:<br>Leakage of bacterial products across the gut barrier may play a role in liver diseases which often precede the development of liver cancer. However, human studies, particularly from prospective settings, are lacking.<br>Methods:<br>We used a case-control study design nested within a large prospective cohort to assess the association between circulating levels of anti-lipopolysaccharide ...