Now showing items 1-6 of 6
Isocaloric substitution of carbohydrates with protein: The association with weight change and mortality among patients with type 2 diabetes
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-04-18)
Background: The health impact of dietary replacement of carbohydrates with protein for patients with type 2 diabetes is still debated. This study aimed to investigate the association between dietary substitution of carbohydrates with (animal and plant) protein and 5-year weight change, and all-cause and cardiovascular (CVD) mortality risk in patients with type 2 diabetes. <p>Methods: The study ...
Circulating copper and zinc levels and risk of hepatobiliary cancers in Europeans
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-02-02)
Background:<br>Copper and zinc are essential micronutrients and cofactors of many enzymatic reactions that may be involved in liver-cancer development. We aimed to assess pre-diagnostic circulating levels of copper, zinc and their ratio (Cu/Zn) in relation to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), intrahepatic bile duct (IHBD) and gall bladder and biliary tract (GBTC) cancers.<br>Methods:<br>A nested ...
Osteoprotegerin and breast cancer risk by hormone receptor subtype: A nested case-control study in the EPIC cohort
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-02-08)
Background:<br>Circulating osteoprotegerin (OPG), a member of the receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B (RANK) axis, may influence breast cancer risk via its role as the decoy receptor for both the RANK ligand (RANKL) and tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL). Circulating OPG and breast cancer risk has been examined in only one prior study.<br>Methods:<br>A case-control ...
Hepcidin levels and gastric cancer risk in the EPIC-EurGast study
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2017-06-21)
Hepcidin is the main regulator of iron homeostasis and dysregulation of proteins involved in iron metabolism has been associated with tumorogenesis. However, to date, no epidemiological study has researched the association between hepcidin levels and gastric cancer risk. To further investigate the relationship between hepcidin levels and gastric cancer risk, we conducted a nested case-control study ...
Meal patterns across ten European countries - Results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) calibration study
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-05-19)
Objective: To characterize meal patterns across ten European countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) calibration study. Design: Cross-sectional study utilizing dietary data collected through a standardized 24 h diet recall during 1995–2000. Eleven predefined intake occasions across a 24 h period were assessed during the interview. In ...
Haem iron intake and risk of lung cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-18)
<p><i>Background</i>: Epidemiological studies suggest that haem iron, which is found predominantly in red meat and increases endogenous formation of carcinogenic N-nitroso compounds, may be positively associated with lung cancer. The objective was to examine the relationship between haem iron intake and lung cancer risk using detailed smoking history data and serum cotinine to control for potential ...