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The history of the case report: a selective review
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
Involuntary psychiatric admission: how the patients are detected and the general practitioners' expectations for hospitalization. An interview-based study
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-03-08)
<p>Background: In Norway, it is usually GPs that refer patients to involuntary admission. A high proportion of such referrals come from out-of-hours clinics. Little is known about who first initiate the contact between the patients and the referring doctors and which expectations the referring doctors have with respect to the involuntary admissions. The aim of the study was to examine who first ...
Can Auditory Brainstem Response be Used as a Diagnostic Tool for Patients Suffering from Schizophrenia, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, and Bipolar Disorder?
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-02-12)
<p>Background: Psychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and bipolar disorder, may sometimes be difficult to diagnose. There is a great need for a valid and reliable diagnostic tool to aid clinicians in arriving at the diagnoses in a timely and accurate manner. Prior studies have suggested that patients suffering from schizophrenia and ADHD may ...
Tweet content related to sexually transmitted diseases: No joking matter
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-10-06)
Online social media, such as the microblogging site Twitter, have become a space for speedy exchange of information regarding sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), presenting a potential risk environment for how STDs are portrayed. Examining the types of “tweeters” (users who post messages on Twitter) and the nature of “tweet” messages is important for identifying how information related to STDs is ...
The use of physical restraint in Norwegian adult psychiatric hospitals
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015)
Background. The use of coercion within the psychiatric services is problematic and raises a range of ethical, legal, and clinical questions. “Physical restraint” is an emergency procedure used in psychiatric hospitals to control patients that pose an imminent physical danger. We wished to review the literature published in scientific peer-reviewed journals describing studies on the use of physical ...
Is there a weekly pattern for health information searching and is the pattern unique to health topics?
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-12)
Background: Online health information–seeking behaviors have been reported to be more common at the beginning of the workweek. This behavior pattern has been interpreted as a kind of “healthy new start” or “fresh start” due to regrets or attempts to compensate for unhealthy behavior or poor choices made during the weekend. However, the observations regarding the most common health information–seeking ...
A Meta-Analysis of Long-Term Outpatient Treatment Effects for Children and Adolescents with Conduct Problems
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-05-27)
The present meta-analytic review explored long-term treatment effects in children and adolescents, age ranging from 2 to 17 years, treated because of conduct problems. The presumed mediators were examined. Various treatments, in all 56 studies including 2589 participants, were included. 32 studies involved an untreated control condition, whereas 24 studies did not. The overall weighted effect ...
How can placebo effects best be applied in clinical practice? A narrative review
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-01-29)
Placebo effects are documented in a number of clinical and experimental studies. It is possible to benefit from placebo effects in clinical practice by using them as effects additive to those of documented and effective treatments. The purpose of this paper is to discuss how doctors and other health workers may benefit from placebo effects within an ethical framework. A narrative review of the ...
Characteristics of successfully implemented telemedical applications
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2007-07-27)
Background: There has been an increased interest in the use of telemedical applications in clinical practice in recent years. Considerable effort has been invested in trials and experimental services. Yet, surprisingly few applications have continued beyond the research and development phase. The aim of this study is to explore characteristics of successfully implemented telemedical applications. ...
Optimal sleep duration in the subarctic with respect to obesity risk is 8-9 hours
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
Sleep duration, chronotype and social jetlag have been associated with body mass index (BMI) and abdominal obesity. The optimal sleep duration regarding BMI has previously been found to be 7–8 hours, but these studies have not been carried out in the subarctic or have lacked some central variables. The aims of our study were to examine the associations between sleep variables and body composition ...