Now showing items 1-5 of 5
Diet quality scores and prediction of all-cause, cardiovascular and cancer mortality in a pan-european cohort study
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-07-13)
Scores of overall diet quality have received increasing attention in relation to disease aetiol- ogy; however, their value in risk prediction has been little examined. The objective was to assess and compare the association and predictive performance of 10 diet quality scores on 10-year risk of all-cause, CVD and cancer mortality in 451,256 healthy participants to the European Prospective ...
Coffee consumption and the risk of cancer in the Norwegian Women and Cancer (NOWAC) study
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-03-24)
An association between coffee consumption and cancer has long been investigated. Coffee consumption among Norwegian women is high, thus this is a favorable population in which to study the impact of coffee on cancer incidence. Information on coffee consumption was collected from 91,767 women at baseline in the Norwegian Women and Cancer Study. These information were applied until follow-up information ...
Modifiable causes of premature death in middle-age in Western Europe: Results from the EPIC cohort study
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-06-14)
Background<br> Life expectancy is increasing in Europe, yet a substantial proportion of adults still die prematurely before the age of 70 years. We sought to estimate the joint and relative contributions of tobacco smoking, hypertension, obesity, physical inactivity, alcohol and poor diet towards risk of premature death.<br> Methods<br> We analysed data from 264,906 European adults from the ...
Consumption of Whole-Grain Bread and Risk of Colorectal Cancer among Norwegian Women (the NOWAC Study)
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-01-13)
There is evidence that consumption of foods containing dietary fiber decreases the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). Whole grains contain dietary fiber, as well as a range of micronutrients and bioactive compounds, but the association between the consumption of whole grains and the risk of CRC remains less studied. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between whole-grain ...
Fiber intake modulates the association of alcohol intake with breast cancer
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-09-06)
Alcohol intake has been related to an increased risk of breast cancer (BC) while dietary fiber intake has been inversely associated to BC risk. A beneficial effect of fibers on ethanol carcinogenesis through their impact on estrogen levels is still controversial. We investigated the role of dietary fiber as a modifying factor of the association of alcohol and BC using data from the European Prospective ...