Now showing items 1-10 of 15
Combined impact of healthy lifestyle factors on colorectal cancer: A large European cohort study
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
Correlates of circulating ovarian cancer early detection markers and their contribution to discrimination of early detection models: results from the EPIC cohort
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-03-20)
Background: Ovarian cancer early detection markers CA125, CA15.3, HE4, and CA72.4 vary between healthy women, limiting their utility for screening. <br>Methods: We evaluated cross-sectional relationships between lifestyle and reproductive factors and these markers among controls ( n = 1910) from a nested case-control study in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition ...
Modifiable causes of premature death in middle-age in Western Europe: Results from the EPIC cohort study
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-06-14)
Background<br> Life expectancy is increasing in Europe, yet a substantial proportion of adults still die prematurely before the age of 70 years. We sought to estimate the joint and relative contributions of tobacco smoking, hypertension, obesity, physical inactivity, alcohol and poor diet towards risk of premature death.<br> Methods<br> We analysed data from 264,906 European adults from the ...
The association between adult attained height and sitting height with mortality in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition (EPIC)
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-03-03)
Adult height and sitting height may reflect genetic and environmental factors, including early life nutrition, physical and social environments. Previous studies have reported divergent associations for height and chronic disease mortality, with positive associations observed for cancer mortality but inverse associations for circulatory disease mortality. Sitting height might be more strongly ...
Osteoprotegerin and breast cancer risk by hormone receptor subtype: A nested case-control study in the EPIC cohort
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-02-08)
Background:<br>Circulating osteoprotegerin (OPG), a member of the receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B (RANK) axis, may influence breast cancer risk via its role as the decoy receptor for both the RANK ligand (RANKL) and tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL). Circulating OPG and breast cancer risk has been examined in only one prior study.<br>Methods:<br>A case-control ...
Measured adiposity in relation to head and neck cancer risk in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition.
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2017-06)
<b>Background</b>: Emerging evidence from cohort studies indicates that adiposity is associated with greater incidence of head and neck cancer. However, most studies have used self-reported anthropometry which is prone to error.<br><b>Methods</b>: Among 363,094 participants in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study (EPIC) with measured anthropometry, there were 837 ...
Circulating RANKL and RANKL/OPG and breast cancer risk by ER and PR subtype: Results from the EPIC cohort.
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-08-31)
Receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B (RANK)-RANK ligand (RANKL) signaling promotes mammary tumor development in experimental models. Circulating concentrations of soluble RANKL (sRANKL) may influence breast cancer risk via activation of RANK signaling; this may be modulated by osteoprotegerin (OPG), the decoy receptor for RANKL. sRANKL and breast cancer risk by hormone receptor subtype has ...
Biomarkers of folate and vitamin B12 and breast cancer risk: report from the EPIC cohort
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-12-01)
Epidemiological studies have reported inconsistent findings for the association between B vitamins and breast cancer (BC) risk. We investigated the relationship between biomarkers of folate and vitamin B12 and the risk of BC in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort. Plasma concentrations of folate and vitamin B12 were determined in 2,491 BC cases individually ...
Prediagnostic circulating concentrations of plasma insulin-like growth factor-I and risk of lymphoma in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-12-27)
Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I has cancer promoting activities. However, the hypothesis that circulating IGF-I concentration is related to risk of lymphoma overall or its subtypes has not been examined prospectively. IGF-I concentration was measured in pre-diagnostic plasma samples from a nested case–control study of 1,072 cases of lymphoid malignancies and 1,072 individually matched controls ...
The premenopausal breast cancer collaboration: A pooling project of studies participating in the national cancer institute cohort consortium
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2017-09)
Breast cancer is a leading cancer diagnosis among premenopausal women around the world. Unlike rates in postmenopausal women, incidence rates of advanced breast cancer have increased in recent decades for premenopausal women. Progress in identifying contributors to breast cancer risk among premenopausal women has been constrained by the limited numbers of premenopausal breast cancer cases in individual ...