Now showing items 1-6 of 6
Anthropometric and reproductive factors and risk of esophageal and gastric cancer by subtype and subsite: Results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-05-03)
Obesity has been associated with upper gastrointestinal cancers; however, there are limited prospective data on associations by subtype/subsite. Obesity can impact hormonal factors, which have been hypothesized to play a role in these cancers. We investigated anthropometric and reproductive factors in relation to esophageal and gastric cancer by subtype and subsite for 476,160 participants from the ...
Development and validation of circulating CA125 prediction models in postmenopausal women
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-11-26)
<i>Background</i> - Cancer Antigen 125 (CA125) is currently the best available ovarian cancer screening biomarker. However, CA125 has been limited by low sensitivity and specificity in part due to normal variation between individuals. Personal characteristics that influence CA125 could be used to improve its performance as screening biomarker.<p><p> <i>Methods</i> - We developed and validated ...
Prospective analysis of circulating metabolites and breast cancer in EPIC
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-09-24)
<i>Background</i> - Metabolomics is a promising molecular tool to identify novel etiologic pathways leading to cancer. Using a targeted approach, we prospectively investigated the associations between metabolite concentrations in plasma and breast cancer risk.<p> <p><i>Methods</i> - A nested case-control study was established within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer cohort, which ...
Association of menopausal characteristics and risk of coronary heart disease: A pan-European case-cohort analysis
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-02-22)
<i>Background</i> - Earlier age at menopause has been associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), but the shape of association and role of established cardiovascular risk factors remain unclear. Therefore, we examined the associations between menopausal characteristics and CHD risk; the shape of the association between age at menopause and CHD risk; and the extent to which these ...
Association between soft drink consumption and mortality in 10 European countries
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-09-03)
<i>Importance</i> - Soft drinks are frequently consumed, but whether this consumption is associated with mortality risk is unknown and has been understudied in European populations to date.<p><p> <i>Objective</i> - To examine the association between total, sugar-sweetened, and artificially sweetened soft drink consumption and subsequent total and cause-specific mortality.<p><p> <i>Design, ...
Healthy lifestyle and the risk of pancreatic cancer in the EPIC study
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-09-28)
Pancreatic cancer (PC) is a highly fatal cancer with currently limited opportunities for early detection and effective treatment. Modifiable factors may offer pathways for primary prevention. In this study, the association between the Healthy Lifestyle Index (HLI) and PC risk was examined. Within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition cohort, 1113 incident PC (57% women) ...