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Estrogen receptor alpha gene polymorphism and endometrial cancer risk : a case-control study
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2008-11-06)
Background: Estrogen is an established endometrial carcinogen. One of the most important mediators of estrogenic action is the estrogen receptor alpha. We have investigated whether polymorphic variation in the estrogen receptor alpha gene (ESR1) is associated with endometrial cancer risk. <br> Methods: In 702 cases with invasive endometrial cancer and 1563 controls, we genotyped five markers ...
Human Papillomavirus type distribution in invasive cervical cancer in Uganda
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2008-06-24)
Background: We conducted a study aiming to describe Human Papillomavirus (HPV) type distribution in invasive cervical carcinoma in Uganda. <br> Methods: 191 archival cervical carcinoma samples diagnosed in the Department of Pathology, Makerere University in Kampala between 1968 and 1992 were analysed using a sensitive PCRReverse Hybridization Line Probe Assay. <br> Results: Out of the 186 ...
Dietary fat intake and gestational weight gain in relation to estradiol and progesterone plasma levels during pregnancy : a longitudinal study in Swedish women
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2009-04-30)
Background: Elevated pregnancy hormone levels, such as oestrogen and progesterone, may increase the risk of developing breast cancer both in mothers and offspring. However, the reasons for large inter-individual variations in estrogen and progesterone levels during pregnancy remain unknown. The objectives of this study were to investigate whether a) intakes of total dietary fat, types of fat ...
Socioeconomic differences in cancer survival : the Norwegian Women and Cancer Study
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2009-06-08)
Background: Cancer survival has been observed to be poorer in low socioeconomic groups, but the knowledge about the underlying causal factors is limited. The purpose of this study was to examine how cancer survival varies by socioeconomic status (SES) among women in Norway, and to identify factors that explain this variation. SES was measured by years of education and gross household income, ...
Use of hormonal contraceptives and occurrence of pregnancy-related pelvic pain. A prospective cohort study in Norway
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2004-06-22)
Background: Pregnancy-related pelvic pain is a common condition, and use of hormonal contraceptives before pregnancy has been proposed as a risk factor. We used data from a sub-sample of women participating in the "Norwegian Women and Cancer study" (NOWAC) to assess the association between hormonal contraceptive use and pelvic pain in pregnancy. Methods: From a sub-group of 2078 parous women ...