Now showing items 1-5 of 5
Haem iron intake and risk of lung cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-18)
<p><i>Background</i>: Epidemiological studies suggest that haem iron, which is found predominantly in red meat and increases endogenous formation of carcinogenic N-nitroso compounds, may be positively associated with lung cancer. The objective was to examine the relationship between haem iron intake and lung cancer risk using detailed smoking history data and serum cotinine to control for potential ...
Circulating insulin-like growth factor I in relation to melanoma risk in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-09-07)
Insulin‐like growth factor‐I (IGF‐I) regulates cell proliferation and apoptosis, and is thought to play a role in tumour development. Previous prospective studies have shown that higher circulating concentrations of IGF‐I are associated with a higher risk of cancers at specific sites, including breast and prostate. No prospective study has examined the association between circulating IGF‐I concentrations ...
Receptor activator of nuclear factor kB ligand, osteoprotegerin, and risk of death following a breast cancer diagnosis: results from the EPIC cohort
(Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-22)
<b>Background</b><br> Receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B (RANK)-signaling is involved in tumor growth and spread in experimental models. Binding of RANK ligand (RANKL) to RANK activates signaling, which is inhibited by osteoprotegerin (OPG). We have previously shown that circulating soluble RANKL (sRANKL) and OPG are associated with breast cancer risk. Here we extend these findings to ...
Heterogeneity of colorectal cancer risk factors by anatomical subsite in 10 European countries: A multinational cohort study
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-07-26)
<i>Background & Aims</i> - Colorectal cancer located at different anatomical subsites may have distinct etiologies and risk factors. Previous studies that have examined this hypothesis have yielded inconsistent results, possibly because most studies have been of insufficient size to identify heterogeneous associations with precision.<p><p> <i>Methods</i> - In the European Prospective Investigation ...
Association between physical activity and risk of hepatobiliary cancers: A multinational cohort study
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-12-22)
<i>Background & Aims</i> - To date, evidence on the association between physical activity and risk of hepatobiliary cancers has been inconclusive. We examined this association in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition cohort (EPIC).<p><p> <i>Methods</i> - We identified 275 hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cases, 93 intrahepatic bile duct cancers (IHBCs), and 164 non-gallbladder ...