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Longitudinal and secular trends in total cholesterol levels and impact of lipid-lowering drug use among Norwegian women and men born in 1905–1977 in the population-based Tromsø Study 1979–2016
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-08-21)
Objectives: <br> Elevated blood cholesterol is a modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Cholesterol level surveillance is necessary to study population disease burden, consider priorities for prevention and intervention and understand the effect of diet, lifestyle and treatment. Previous studies show a cholesterol decline in recent decades but lack data to follow individuals born ...
The independent and joint associations of physical activity and body mass index with myocardial infarction: The Tromsø Study
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-09-13)
Physical activity and overweight are associated with myocardial infarction (MI). However, their joint association with MI remains unclear. Our objective was to examine the independent and joint association between leisuretime physical activity (LTPA), body mass index (BMI) and MI. This prospective cohort study included 16,572 men and women (47.5% women) aged 20–54 years who took part in the second ...
Blood pressure target achievement and antihypertensive medication use in women and men after first-ever myocardial infarction: the Tromsø Study 1994-2016
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-01-03)
Background: <br> Recurrent cardiovascular events after myocardial infarction (MI) are frequent, and gender differences in blood pressure treatment have been reported. Despite increased focus on secondary prevention, recent reports indicate that treatment targets are not achieved. There is a need for gender-specific analyses of post-MI blood pressure treatment target achievement and ...
Sex Differences in the Impact of Body Mass Index on the Risk of Future Atrial Fibrillation: Insights From the Longitudinal Population-Based Tromsø Study
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-04-19)
<p><i>Background</i>: Atrial fibrillation (AF) prevalence is increasing, and body mass index (BMI) is a risk factor for AF. However, sex differences in the impact of BMI on AF risk have not been fully elucidated.</p> <p><i>Methods and Results</i>: Data from the fourth survey (1994–1995) of the Tromsø Study (Norway) were used to investigate the association of single‐measurement BMI on future AF ...
Atrial fibrillation is associated with cognitive decline in stroke-free subjects: the Tromsø Study
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-09-28)
Background and purpose:<br>Previous studies have shown associations between atrial fibrillation (AF) and cognitive decline. We investigated this association in a prospective population study, focusing on whether stroke risk factors modulated this association in stroke-free women and men.<br>Methods:<br>We included 4983 participants (57% women) from the fifth survey of the Tromsø Study (Tromsø 5, ...