Now showing items 1-10 of 19
Combined impact of healthy lifestyle factors on colorectal cancer: A large European cohort study
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
Circulating copper and zinc levels and risk of hepatobiliary cancers in Europeans
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-02-02)
Background:<br>Copper and zinc are essential micronutrients and cofactors of many enzymatic reactions that may be involved in liver-cancer development. We aimed to assess pre-diagnostic circulating levels of copper, zinc and their ratio (Cu/Zn) in relation to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), intrahepatic bile duct (IHBD) and gall bladder and biliary tract (GBTC) cancers.<br>Methods:<br>A nested ...
Correlates of circulating ovarian cancer early detection markers and their contribution to discrimination of early detection models: results from the EPIC cohort
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-03-20)
Background: Ovarian cancer early detection markers CA125, CA15.3, HE4, and CA72.4 vary between healthy women, limiting their utility for screening. <br>Methods: We evaluated cross-sectional relationships between lifestyle and reproductive factors and these markers among controls ( n = 1910) from a nested case-control study in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition ...
Diet quality scores and prediction of all-cause, cardiovascular and cancer mortality in a pan-european cohort study
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-07-13)
Scores of overall diet quality have received increasing attention in relation to disease aetiol- ogy; however, their value in risk prediction has been little examined. The objective was to assess and compare the association and predictive performance of 10 diet quality scores on 10-year risk of all-cause, CVD and cancer mortality in 451,256 healthy participants to the European Prospective ...
Modifiable causes of premature death in middle-age in Western Europe: Results from the EPIC cohort study
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-06-14)
Background<br> Life expectancy is increasing in Europe, yet a substantial proportion of adults still die prematurely before the age of 70 years. We sought to estimate the joint and relative contributions of tobacco smoking, hypertension, obesity, physical inactivity, alcohol and poor diet towards risk of premature death.<br> Methods<br> We analysed data from 264,906 European adults from the ...
A Nested Case–Control Study of Metabolically Defined Body Size Phenotypes and Risk of Colorectal Cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-04-05)
Background:<br> Obesity is positively associated with colorectal cancer. Recently, body size subtypes categorised by the prevalence of hyperinsulinaemia have been defined, and metabolically healthy overweight/obese individuals (without hyperinsulinaemia) have been suggested to be at lower risk of cardiovascular disease than their metabolically unhealthy (hyperinsulinaemic) overweight/obese counterparts. ...
Plasma microRNAs as biomarkers of pancreatic cancer risk in a prospective cohort study
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-06-12)
Noninvasive biomarkers for early pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) diagnosis and disease risk stratification are greatly needed. We conducted a nested case-control study within the Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort to evaluate prediagnostic microRNAs (miRs) as biomarkers of subsequent PDAC risk. A panel of eight miRs (miR-10a, -10b, -21-3p, -21-5p, -30c, -106b, ...
Coffee, tea and melanoma risk: findings from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-02-20)
In vitro and animal studies suggest that bioactive constituents of coffee and tea may have anticarcinogenic effects against cutaneous melanoma; however, epidemiological evidence is limited to date. We examined the relationships between coffee (total, caffeinated or decaffeinated) and tea consumption and risk of melanoma in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). EPIC ...
Osteoprotegerin and breast cancer risk by hormone receptor subtype: A nested case-control study in the EPIC cohort
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-02-08)
Background:<br>Circulating osteoprotegerin (OPG), a member of the receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B (RANK) axis, may influence breast cancer risk via its role as the decoy receptor for both the RANK ligand (RANKL) and tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL). Circulating OPG and breast cancer risk has been examined in only one prior study.<br>Methods:<br>A case-control ...
Measured adiposity in relation to head and neck cancer risk in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition.
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2017-06)
<b>Background</b>: Emerging evidence from cohort studies indicates that adiposity is associated with greater incidence of head and neck cancer. However, most studies have used self-reported anthropometry which is prone to error.<br><b>Methods</b>: Among 363,094 participants in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study (EPIC) with measured anthropometry, there were 837 ...