Now showing items 91-95 of 95
Atherosclerotic risk factors and risk of myocardial infarction and venous thromboembolism; Time-fixed versus time-varying analyses. The Tromsø Study
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-09-16)
<i>Background:</i> Single measurements of modifiable risk factors may underestimate associations with outcomes in cohorts. We aimed to compare risk estimates of myocardial infarction (MI) and venous thromboembolism (VTE) by atherosclerotic risk factors during long follow-up using time-fixed analyses without and with correction for regression dilution and time-varying analyses.<p> <p><i>Methods:</i> ...
Ischemic Stroke and Risk of Venous Thromboembolism in the General Population: The Tromsø Study
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-11-07)
<i>Background</i> - Even though clinical data support a relation between ischemic stroke and venous thromboembolism (VTE), the strength and time dependence of the association remain to be settled at the population level. We therefore aimed to investigate the association between ischemic stroke and VTE in a prospective population-based cohort.<p> <p><i>Methods and Results</i> - Participants (n=30 ...
Effect of genetically low 25-hydroxyvitamin D on mortality risk: Mendelian randomization analysis in 3 large European cohorts
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-02)
The aim of this study was to determine if increased mortality associated with low levels of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) reflects a causal relationship by using a Mendelian randomisation (MR) approach with genetic variants in the vitamin D synthesis pathway. Individual participant data from three European cohorts were harmonized with standardization of 25(OH)D according to the Vitamin D ...
Neuropsychological functions of verbal recall and psychomotor speed significantly affect pain tolerance
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-09-26)
<p><i>Background - </i>Effects from cognitive performance on pain tolerance have been documented, however, sample sizes are small and confounders often overlooked. We aimed to establish that performance on neuropsychological tests was associated with pain tolerance, controlling for salient confounders. <p><i>Methods - </i>This was a cross‐sectional study nested within the Tromsø‐6 survey. ...
Patterns of detectable viraemia among children and adults with HIV infection taking antiretroviral therapy in Zimbabwe
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-31)
<i>Objective</i>: To investigate the incidence and predictors of viraemia among individuals on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Harare, Zimbabwe.<p> <p><i>Methods</i>: Children (0–19 years) and adults (>19 years) starting ART between 2013 and 2015 were followed for a median of 2.8 and 2.7 years, respectively. The incidence rates of virological failure (VF), low-level viraemia (LLV), and viral ...