Now showing items 91-94 of 94
Patterns of detectable viraemia among children and adults with HIV infection taking antiretroviral therapy in Zimbabwe
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-31)
<i>Objective</i>: To investigate the incidence and predictors of viraemia among individuals on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Harare, Zimbabwe.<p> <p><i>Methods</i>: Children (0–19 years) and adults (>19 years) starting ART between 2013 and 2015 were followed for a median of 2.8 and 2.7 years, respectively. The incidence rates of virological failure (VF), low-level viraemia (LLV), and viral ...
A novel combination of peripheral nerve blocks for arthroscopic shoulder surgery
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-08-04)
<p><i>Background - </i>Interscalene brachial plexus block is currently the gold standard for intra‐ and post‐operative pain management for patients undergoing arthroscopic shoulder surgery. However, it is associated with block related complications, of which effect on the phrenic nerve have been of most interest. Side effects caused by general anesthesia, when this is required, are also a concern. ...
A randomised placebo-controlled trial examining the effect on hand supination after the addition of a suprascapular nerve block to infraclavicular brachial plexus blockade
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-07-11)
Some surgeons believe that infraclavicular brachial plexus blocks tends to result in supination of the hand/forearm, which may make surgical access to the dorsum of the hand more difficult. We hypothesised that this supination may be reduced by the addition of a suprascapular nerve block. In a double‐blind, randomised, placebo‐controlled study, our primary outcome measure was the amount of supination ...
Minimum effective volume of ropivacaine 7.5mg/ml for an ultrasound-guided infraclavicular brachial plexus block
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013-02-18)
<p><i>Background - </i>Ultrasound guidance has been shown to reduce the minimum effective volume (MEV) of local anaesthetics for several peripheral nerve blocks. Although the lateral sagittal infraclavicular block (LSIB) is a well‐established anaesthesia method, MEV for this technique has not been established. Our aim with this study was to determine the MEV using ropivacaine 7.5 mg/ml for the LSIB ...