Now showing items 11-16 of 16
Fiber intake modulates the association of alcohol intake with breast cancer
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-09-06)
Alcohol intake has been related to an increased risk of breast cancer (BC) while dietary fiber intake has been inversely associated to BC risk. A beneficial effect of fibers on ethanol carcinogenesis through their impact on estrogen levels is still controversial. We investigated the role of dietary fiber as a modifying factor of the association of alcohol and BC using data from the European Prospective ...
Hepcidin levels and gastric cancer risk in the EPIC-EurGast study
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2017-06-21)
Hepcidin is the main regulator of iron homeostasis and dysregulation of proteins involved in iron metabolism has been associated with tumorogenesis. However, to date, no epidemiological study has researched the association between hepcidin levels and gastric cancer risk. To further investigate the relationship between hepcidin levels and gastric cancer risk, we conducted a nested case-control study ...
Exposure to bacterial products lipopolysaccharide and flagellin and hepatocellular carcinoma: A nested case-control study
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-04-04)
Background:<br>Leakage of bacterial products across the gut barrier may play a role in liver diseases which often precede the development of liver cancer. However, human studies, particularly from prospective settings, are lacking.<br>Methods:<br>We used a case-control study design nested within a large prospective cohort to assess the association between circulating levels of anti-lipopolysaccharide ...
Circulating insulin-like growth factor I in relation to melanoma risk in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-09-07)
Insulin‐like growth factor‐I (IGF‐I) regulates cell proliferation and apoptosis, and is thought to play a role in tumour development. Previous prospective studies have shown that higher circulating concentrations of IGF‐I are associated with a higher risk of cancers at specific sites, including breast and prostate. No prospective study has examined the association between circulating IGF‐I concentrations ...
Heterogeneity of colorectal cancer risk factors by anatomical subsite in 10 European countries: A multinational cohort study
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-07-26)
<i>Background & Aims</i> - Colorectal cancer located at different anatomical subsites may have distinct etiologies and risk factors. Previous studies that have examined this hypothesis have yielded inconsistent results, possibly because most studies have been of insufficient size to identify heterogeneous associations with precision.<p><p> <i>Methods</i> - In the European Prospective Investigation ...
Association between soft drink consumption and mortality in 10 European countries
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-09-03)
<i>Importance</i> - Soft drinks are frequently consumed, but whether this consumption is associated with mortality risk is unknown and has been understudied in European populations to date.<p><p> <i>Objective</i> - To examine the association between total, sugar-sweetened, and artificially sweetened soft drink consumption and subsequent total and cause-specific mortality.<p><p> <i>Design, ...