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Pre-diagnostic circulating insulin-like growth factor-I and bladder cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-07-04)
Previous <i>in vitro</i> and case–control studies have found an association between the insulin‐like growth factor (IGF)‐axis and bladder cancer risk. Circulating concentrations of IGF‐I have also been found to be associated with an increased risk of several cancer types; however, the relationship between pre‐diagnostic circulating IGF‐I concentrations and bladder cancer has never been studied ...
Consumption of meat, fish, dairy products, and eggs and risk of ischemic heart disease: A prospective study of 7198 incident cases among 409 885 participants in the Pan-European EPIC Cohort
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-22)
<i>Background</i> - There is uncertainty about the relevance of animal foods to the pathogenesis of ischemic heart disease (IHD). We examined meat, fish, dairy products, and eggs and risk for IHD in the pan-European EPIC cohort (European Prospective Investigation Into Cancer and Nutrition).<P><P> <i>Methods</i> - In this prospective study of 409 885 men and women in 9 European countries, diet ...
Methodological issues in a prospective study on plasma concentrations of persistent organic pollutants and pancreatic cancer risk within the EPIC cohort
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-11-23)
<i>Background</i> - The use of biomarkers of environmental exposure to explore new risk factors for pancreatic cancer presents clinical, logistic, and methodological challenges that are also relevant in research on other complex diseases.<p> <p><i>Objectives</i> - First, to summarize the main design features of a prospective case-control study –nested within the European Prospective Investigation ...
Heterogeneity of colorectal cancer risk factors by anatomical subsite in 10 European countries: A multinational cohort study
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-07-26)
<i>Background & Aims</i> - Colorectal cancer located at different anatomical subsites may have distinct etiologies and risk factors. Previous studies that have examined this hypothesis have yielded inconsistent results, possibly because most studies have been of insufficient size to identify heterogeneous associations with precision.<p><p> <i>Methods</i> - In the European Prospective Investigation ...
Association between soft drink consumption and mortality in 10 European countries
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-09-03)
<i>Importance</i> - Soft drinks are frequently consumed, but whether this consumption is associated with mortality risk is unknown and has been understudied in European populations to date.<p><p> <i>Objective</i> - To examine the association between total, sugar-sweetened, and artificially sweetened soft drink consumption and subsequent total and cause-specific mortality.<p><p> <i>Design, ...