Now showing items 41-50 of 152
Circulating biomarkers of one-carbon metabolism in relation to renal cell carcinoma incidence and survival
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014-11-05)
The etiology of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is only partially understood, but a metabolic component appears likely. We investigated biomarkers of one-carbon metabolism and RCC onset and survival. Methods The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) recruited 385747 participants with blood samples between 1992 and 2000, and this analysis included 556 RCC case-control pairs. ...
Flavonoid and lignan intake in relation to bladder cancer risk in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2014)
Changes in body mass index and waist circumference and concurrent mortality among Swedish women
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-01)
Objective:<br>Most studies on obesity and mortality use a single anthropometric measure. Less is known about the effects of weight change on mortality. This study examined changes in body mass index (DBMI) and waist circumference (DWC) and subsequent all-cause and cause-specific mortal ity.<br>Methods:<br>The study was conducted in the Women’s Lifestyle and Health cohort, using self-reported ...
Ghiasvand et al. Respond to "Indoor Tanning-A Melanoma Accelerator?"
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-02-01)
Determinants of long-term weight change among middle-aged Swedish women
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-01-07)
Objective:<br> To describe the determinants of 12‐year weight change among middle‐aged women in Sweden. <br>Methods:<br> In 1991/1992, 49,259 women across Sweden were recruited into a cohort. In 2003, 34,402 (73%) completed follow‐up. Lifestyle and health characteristics including weight were collected, and 12‐year weight change and substantial weight gain (≥+5.0 kg) were calculated; association ...
Menopausal hormone therapy and risk of melanoma: Do estrogens and progestins have a different role?
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-07-07)
The association between use of menopausal hormone therapy (HT) and occurrence of skin malignant melanoma (SMM) is controversial. We investigated the issue in a nationwide cohort of 684,696 Norwegian women, aged 45–79 years, followed from 2004 to 2008. The study was based on linkage between Norwegian population registries. Multivariable Poisson regression models were used to estimate the effect of ...
Healthy lifestyle and risk of cancer in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition cohort study
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-04)
It has been estimated that at least a third of the most common cancers are related to lifestyle and as such are preventable. Key modifiable lifestyle factors have been individually associated with cancer risk; however, less is known about the combined effects of these factors. This study generated a healthy lifestyle index score (HLIS) to investigate the joint effect of modifiable factors on ...
Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies discovers multiple loci for chronic lymphocytic leukemia
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-03-09)
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a common lymphoid malignancy with strong heritability. To further understand the genetic susceptibility for CLL and identify common loci associated with risk, we conducted a meta-analysis of four genome-wide association studies (GWAS) composed of 3,100 cases and 7,667 controls with follow-up replication in 1,958 cases and 5,530 controls. Here we report three new ...
Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 315 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE), 1990-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-10-06)
Background:<br> Healthy life expectancy (HALE) and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) provide summary measures of health across geographies and time that can inform assessments of epidemiological patterns and health system performance, help to prioritise investments in research and development, and monitor progress toward the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). We aimed to provide updated ...
Risk of lung cancer and physical activity by smoking status and body mass index, the Norwegian Women and Cancer Study
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-01)
We aimed to investigate physical activity (PA) and risk of different histological subtypes of lung cancer according to smoking status and body mass index using repeated measurements in a large cohort of women in Norway. The study sample for the multiple imputation analyses consisted of 86,499 and for the complete-case analysis 80,802 women. Repeated measurements of PA level, smoking habits, weight, ...