Now showing items 61-64 of 64
Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes among Adolescents in Northwest Russia: A Population Registry-Based Study
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-02-03)
This study aimed to assess whether adolescents have an increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes (APO) compared to adult women. We used data on 43,327 births from the population-based Arkhangelsk County Birth Registry, Northwest Russia, for 2012–2014. The perinatal outcomes included stillbirth, preterm birth (<37 and <32 weeks), low and very low birthweight, 5 min Apgar score <7 and <4, ...
High HIV and active tuberculosis prevalence and increased mortality risk in adults with symptoms of TB: a systematic review and meta-analyses
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-07-31)
<i>Introduction</i>: HIV and tuberculosis (TB) remain leading causes of preventable death in low- and middle-income countries(LMICs). The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends HIV testing for all individuals with TB symptoms, but implementation has been suboptimal. We conducted a systematic literature review and meta-analyses to estimate HIV and TB prevalence, and short-term (two to six months) ...
Patterns of detectable viraemia among children and adults with HIV infection taking antiretroviral therapy in Zimbabwe
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-10-31)
<i>Objective</i>: To investigate the incidence and predictors of viraemia among individuals on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Harare, Zimbabwe.<p> <p><i>Methods</i>: Children (0–19 years) and adults (>19 years) starting ART between 2013 and 2015 were followed for a median of 2.8 and 2.7 years, respectively. The incidence rates of virological failure (VF), low-level viraemia (LLV), and viral ...
Racial Variation in Echocardiographic Reference Ranges for Left Chamber Dimensions in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-04-04)
Abstract Echocardiography plays a critical role in the assessment of cardiac disease. Important differences in echocardiographically derived cardiac chamber dimensions have been previously highlighted in different population groups in adult studies, but this has not been systematically studied in children, whose body size changes throughout childhood. The aim of this study was to review the ...