Now showing items 59-78 of 229

    • Female Bodies and Masculine Norms: Challenging Gender Discourses and the Implementation of Resolution 1325 in Peace Operations in Afrika 

      Solhjell, Randi; Gjelsvik, Ingvild Magnæs (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2013)
      United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security (2000) was hailed as a pioneering step in acknowledging the varied roles of women in conflict and promoting their participation in peace processes and in peacebuilding. This report takes a critical look at the inclusion and exclusion of Res. 1325 in peace operations in Africa. It focuses on the meaning and importance of ...
    • Female combatants and ex-combatants in Maoist Revolution and their struggle for reintegration in post-war, Nepal 

      Khadka, Sharada (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-02-09)
      This dissertation discusses the “roles of female combatants and ex-combatants in Maoist People’ War in Nepal” landing evidences about their experiences as a combatant in PLA life. The study documents and analyses their struggle for integration into their own family and society. The role of female combatants changed many times. Firstly, their traditional subordinate role got changed undergone ...
    • Female livelihoods in conflict situations: Case from Bawku - Ghana 

      Mumuni, Victoria Sharon-Lisa (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2016-05-18)
      This thesis focuses on women’s resilience in maintaining their livelihood in conflict situations, in the Bawku municipality of Northern Ghana. It is about women meeting their welfare needs and also sustaining their families in civil conflict situations. To meet this objective, the study draws upon multiple qualitative interviews, focus group discussions and observations from female household traders ...
    • FEMALE LIVELIHOODS IN WAR-AFFECTED SOCIETIES CASES FROM KITGUM DISTRICT OF NORTHERN UGANDA 

      Asiimwe, Santo (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2014-08-26)
      This thesis addresses how women in the war ravaged Kitgum District of northern Uganda forge a livelihood for themselves and those they care for in an environment where livelihood systems were ruptured by violent conflict and assets for constructing a livelihood are unevenly owned and accessible by men and women. Also through this study, I aim to bring women’s concerns in the post-war Kitgum to the ...
    • The fight against domestic violence in East Timor. Forgetting the perpetrators 

      Bye, Hanne Hovde (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2005-12-14)
      War is an extreme situation where nationalism and solidarity are decisive factors. With peace in East Timor, men and women are returning back to daily life, but whereas men are expecting to return to the more traditional way of living, women – having adapted to a new way of living and often have become more independent – seem to want to expand on the new roles they gained during the occupation. ...
    • Fighting for peace: Assessing the role of the government in the Guinea Fowl War of 1994 

      Mohammed, Larry Ibrahim (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2018-05-31)
      This thesis is a historical work on the relationship between ethnic groups in the Northern Part of Ghana. There have been several ethnic conflicts in Ghana since Ghana attained independence in 1957. My thesis focuses on the 1994 ethnic conflict between the Konkomba and the Nanumba which eventually attracted allies to both sides of the warring factions. The Konkombas have had a history of violent ...
    • Finding Gender in the Arctic: A Call to Intersectionality and Diverse Methods 

      Hoogensen Gjørv, Gunhild (Chapter; Bokkapittel, 2017-06-16)
      The following chapter examines multiple aspects of including gender perspectives in Arctic research. In the chapter I discuss the definition and understanding of the concept of gender, and then move to the concept of “intersectionality” which recognizes the important linkages between multiple identities of gender, race, ethnicity, class, age, and other social categories. I ...
    • From friends to enemies : inter-ethnic conflict amongst the Tikars of the Bamenda Grassfields (North West Province of Cameroon) c. 1950-1998 

      Tangie, Evelyn Ngengong (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2007-11-01)
      Ethnic conflicts in the Bamenda grassfields became common occurrences at the advent of the Chamba raids in the 1820s. Despite the presence of such conflicts, few scholarly works have been done. This lack of material provided a motivation for this study – “From Friends to Enemies: Inter-Ethnic conflict amongst the Tikars of the Bamenda Grassfields (North West Province of Cameroon) C. 1950-1998”. The ...
    • From horror story to manageable risk. Formulating safety strategies for peace researchers 

      Meyer, Scott D. (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2007-06-11)
      Research in the social sciences, and specifically peace studies, often utilizes fieldwork as a method to collect data. During this process, researchers are exposed to a variety of safety risks from the ambient fieldwork setting that they are often unprepared to deal with. This thesis argues that researchers and their sending institutions should do a better job of managing risks in the field, ...
    • From lofty rhetorics to workable politics? The case of federalism in post-war Nepal 

      Limbu, Laxmi (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2013-02-15)
      This thesis investigates federalism (state restructuring) through the empirical analysis of the views held on federalism by a few members of the major political parties in Nepal. A decade long conflict was ended when Comprehensive Peace Accord was agreed in 2006. The terms of CPA and the interim constitution became a source of political argument for Nepal’s leaders; controlled and over represented ...
    • From Victimization to a Culture of Peace: Applying a hybrid conceptual framework to theorize California's victim service organizations as a potential arena for positive peace 

      Olievskiy, Ariana (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-15)
      Every day in American society, acts of violence are committed in the form of trauma, injustice and inequality. Within each victimization looms the potential for further destruction, but also lies an opportunity for healing and a pathway to peace. This thesis considers victim services as the frontline in encountering all forms of latent and overt violence—direct, structural and cultural. The purpose ...
    • Functionings and Failures: Challenges to Human Security as a Local Capability 

      Holm, Nikolai (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2013-06-01)
      This thesis focusses on the perspectives of community level actors in Liberia regarding their efforts to pursue locally valued human security objectives. It utilizes a theoretical framework based on human security, the capabilities approach, and the Copenhagen school of securitization to evaluate local actor agency and how that agency is impacted by imbalanced power relations with national and ...
    • The future of the Non-Proliferation Treaty and U.S. nuclear weapons policy 

      Claussen, Bjørn Ragnar (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-12)
      This thesis addresses the viability of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons – NPT for short – in light of U.S. nuclear weapons policy. Acknowledging the unique position and influence of the United States, the thesis sets out to assess whether U.S. nuclear weapons policy is compatible with a strong and effective NPT, in what ways U.S. nuclear policy underpins the role and strength ...
    • The future of UN peace operations: Principled adaptation through phases of contraction, moderation, and renewal 

      Coning, Cedric de (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2021-03-05)
      This article considers the future of UN peace operations through a complexity theory lens. In the short-term peacekeeping will have to adapt to the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic and the fall-out of the Trump presidency. In the medium-term peacekeeping will go through a phase of uncertainty and turbulence due to geopolitical power shifts in the global order. In the longer-term peacekeeping ...
    • Gender-based violence versus Human Security: Cases from South Sudan 

      Bergli, Tine (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2013-09-02)
      This thesis is based on the concept of gender-based violence (GBV), violence that mostly targets women due to socially constructed perceptions about their gender. The context that has been chosen is South Sudan and the analysis has been carried out on the background of a document study of the Transitional Constitution and the customary court system in South Sudan. GBV is a highly prevalent threat ...
    • Gendered resistance(?): is gender significant in the “National Popular Resistance Front” of Honduras? 

      Lomsdalen, Christian (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-05-15)
      The object of this thesis will consider the importance of gender in the “National Popular Resistance Front” of Honduras (Frente Nacional de Resistencia Popular), and if gender is significant in this movement and in its choice of actions and choice not to arm themselves with firearms. The scope of this thesis is limited to a number of the member organizations and participation in actions and ...
    • A genealogy of mediation in international relations: From ‘analogue’ to ‘digital’ forms of global justice or managed war? 

      Richmond, Oliver (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-01-22)
      What does it mean to mediate in the contemporary world? During the Cold War, and since, various forms of international intervention have maintained a fragile strategic and territorially sovereign balance between states and their elite leaders, as in Cyprus or the Middle East, or built new states and inculcated new norms. In the post-Cold War era intervention and mediation shifted beyond the balance ...
    • Georgian – South Ossetian Dialogue: A case study of “Youth Peace Express” project 

      Batsiashvili, Davit (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-11-16)
      Georgian-Ossetian conflict has a long history; the last armed conflict happened between Georgian and Ossetian ethnic groups occurred in August, 2008. After that 5-days’ war in Tskhinvali region Tbilisi has no diplomatic relations with Moscow. Russian troops entered Tskhinvali on August, 8 and expelled Georgian military. Later, Russia recognized the independence of both South Ossetia and Abkhazia. ...
    • Ghassemlou's ideas of democracy and Iranian-Kurdish relations in contemporary Iran 

      Monazzami, Ali (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-06-03)
      This thesis is based on Ghassemlou's ideas about democracy and democratization of Iran as a multi-national and multi-religious country. Because of the lack of democracy, there are many conflicts and injustices in society. Therefore, the democratization of Iran is the best way to transform the various politically, economic and social oppression. Such a solution can be found through Abdol Rahman ...
    • The green and the cool: Hybridity, relationality and ethnographic-biographical responses to intervention 

      Richmond, Oliver (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-06-11)
      Policy debates on conflict research, which are mostly directly used to develop practices of soft intervention (including conflict resolution, peacebuilding and statebuilding), emanate from common epistemic and ontological frameworks. Most have been produced and perpetuated by key institutions in the global North through their encounter with historical direct and structural violence, both North and ...