Now showing items 1-20 of 229

    • The 12th Man in the Old Firm Rivalry: Understanding Soccer Fan Violence and Football Fan Rivalry 

      Aluola, Caleb Osaigiade (Mastergradsoppgave; Master thesis, 2020-06-01)
      The purpose of this study is to present and explain some of the factors that reinforce and intensify soccer fan violence in the context of the Old firm fan rivalry. This study explored the Old Firm fan rivalry as a case study because it is the oldest fan rivalry in football history and is regarded as one of the most intense, fiercely contested and violent rivalry in football. Further, the study ...
    • Advocating for dissent: An investigation into why and how sections of civil society advocate for dissent in Kenya from 2013 – 2019 

      Rushwaya, Thembinkosi Kristofero M'thembo (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-06-02)
      The concept of civil society in Africa attracts large criticisms that hold the ostensible notion that it is purely western and incompatible with African societies. Efforts and activities of sections within civil society have been brandished illegitimate owing to the vast track of foreign funding they receive to commence the said activities. This raises questions when one looks at the dissenting ...
    • Afghanistan and regional instability: A risk assessment. 

      Kjærnet, Heidi; Torjesen, Stina (Research report; Forskningsrapport, 2008)
    • The Al-Anfal Campaign; Genocide or Politicide? A literature study about the basis for the US standpoint towards the Al-Anfal campaign. 

      Abid, Istebrak Khalid (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-22)
      The purpose of this research is to understand why the US didn’t recognize Al-Anfal campaign to be a genocide. A research question was therefore made: Why did the US reject Al-Anfal campaign as a genocide? To answer this question, the definition of both politicide and genocide had to be clearly defined to understand how a conflict could be categorized. This is in order to understand the US point of ...
    • Am I Norwegian Yet? Government and Grassroots Approaches to Integration: The Introduction Act and the Tea Time Campaign 

      Amundsen, Kristoffer Fjærestad (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2013-06-01)
      This thesis examines different approaches and methods used for the integration of immigrants in Norway. The study compares two different cases. The first is the government‟s main tool of integration, the introduction program for newly arriving refugees. The second is an initiative from a civil society non-governmental organization, The Norwegian Center against Racism, call the Tea Time campaign. The ...
    • Arctic Exceptionalism’ or ‘comprehensive security’? Understanding security in the Arctic 

      Hoogensen Gjørv, Gunhild; Hodgson, Kara Kathleen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel, 2019-11-12)
      Since Mikhail Gorbachev’s icebreaking Murmansk speech in 1987, the Arctic has been considered to be an “exceptional” region of peace and cooperation in security studies. While acknowledging the relevance of this narrative, this article nevertheless argues the “Arctic exceptionalism” narrative is insufficient for understanding the complex security situation in the region. The lens of comprehensive ...
    • Back to the Future? Revisiting Military Confidence-Building in Europe 

      Schaller, Benjamin (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      The last few years have seen a paradigm shift in European security. NATO and Russia are once again stepping up their military activities and building their military arsenals, as deep mistrust and the fear of unintended military escalation seem to have returned. Over the last few decades, such concerns could be mitigated by an interlocking web of arms control and confidence- and security-building ...
    • The Botswana Kgotla system : a mechanism for traditional conflict resolution in modern Botswana : case study of the Kanye Kgotla 

      Moumakwa, Piwane Constance (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-01-21)
      Botswana with its republic status still has tribal leaders playing a vital role in the development and peaceful progress of its citizens. Chieftainship’s influence in modern Botswana continues to be fundamental to the government and community relations. The Kgotla (meeting place for the tribe) has continued to be central in giving a platform to individuals in exercising their democratic rights. This ...
    • Breaking the occupation of the mind. The Freedom Theatre and Palestinian youth empowerment 

      Steinmoen, Sara Karoline (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2016-05-18)
      This study seeks to bring focus to the youth`s of The Freedom Theatre and their perspectives on theatre, in particular The Freedom Theatre, vis – a – vis cultural resistance and its impacts on their life. In order to do so, this thesis draws on reflection given by previous students who work at the Theatre. In this way, by tapping into the previous students’ reflections who now work at the theatre, ...
    • Bridging the gap between science and animal ethics. The morality of industrial animal farming with regards to animal welfare 

      Thubron, Sarah (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2017-06-20)
      Current debates regarding animal rights and ethics tend to remain separated from the relevant science and scientific evidence. The aim of this thesis is to therefore help fill this gap by bringing together moral philosophy and the scientific study of animal welfare in the context of industrial animal farming. Although the facts and research exist, they have so far mostly remained independent of the ...
    • British Togoland Movement: An Offshoot of Historical Creations 

      Laglo, Agbessi (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2019-05-15)
      This thesis is an inquiry into the political evolution of British Togoland to identify factors that have contributed to the emergence of British Togoland Movement as well as those factors which continue to foil and sustain it from 1916 till now. The study focuses on colonial activities in Eweland from 1886 to the independence of Ghana in 1956 and how these activities continue to influence opinions ...
    • Broken Dreams in “Land of Gold and Honey”? The case of cross-cultural marriages of Ukrainian women in Norway 

      Vasylyeva, Yulya (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2015-11-19)
      The main purpose of this thesis is to investigate “What are the crucial factors for self-realization for Ukrainian women in Norway?” This is a qualitative, case-study research, based on the method of Narrative Inquiry. The fairy tale of Cinderella who waits for her charming prince is still the most popular story among the majority of women in Ukraine. Contemporary Ukrainian reality cannot satisfy ...
    • Building Houses into Homes: Essential Networks and Informal Living in Cape Town, South Africa 

      Reiach, Caitlin (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2013-06-01)
      This study explores the potential assets of informal living as a consequence of historical spatial planning and urbanization in Cape Town South Africa. Micro realities of informal living are illustrated against a backdrop of wider socio-political policies that effectively produce informal settlements through arguably flawed housing delivery systems. Qualitative interviews conducted across a small ...
    • Bullying in school : a study of forms and motives of aggression in two secondary schools in the city of Palu, Indonesia 

      Darmawan (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2010-06-11)
      This study 1) investigated the prevalence of bullying among students in two secondary schools in the city of Palu, Indonesia, 2) investigated which forms of aggression (proactive and/or reactive) were associated with bullying behavior, and 3) investigated which motive of aggression (power related and/or affiliation related) were associated with bullying behavior among the students. Self assessment ...
    • A Burden or a Resource? Conditions for Returnee (Re)integration in Juba, South Sudan 

      Ersland, Linn Susanne (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2014-05-13)
      This thesis focuses on returnees' potential to contribute to reconstruction and development in post-conflict societies. Do returnees bring with them resources of any kind? If yes, how can these resources be utilized in order to contribute to reconstruction and development in the return areas? Through analyzing the experiences of South Sudanese returnees in Juba, these are the main questions this ...
    • Causes of electoral violence : lessons from the May 2005 election of Ethiopia 

      Seifu, Tensae Teshome (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-05-15)
      the may 2005 election was the first truly competitive multi-party election that ethiopia experienced in its recent political history
    • The Causes Radicalising the Youth in South-Eastern Turkey. A Critical Approach 

      Keskin, Erhan Mutlu (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2020-06-01)
      There are various causal and contributing factors for radicalisation, depending on the unique perceptions of each individual, society, or region. This thesis seeks to find out causal factors radicalising the young population in south-eastern Turkey, through semi-structured interviews and non-participant observation. Radicalisation is being handled critically in this thesis. It is not always supposed ...
    • Challenges in conflict resolution : case of the Juba Peace Talks in Uganda (2006 – 2008) 

      Seguya, Neema (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2010-05-19)
      The research investigated the reasons for the failed Juba peace talks between the Government of Uganda and the Lord's Resistance Army/Movement, mediated by the Government of Southern Sudan. Specifically the challenges faced by the different parties to the negotiations, the impact of the local, regional and international environment on the outcome of the peace process and the perspectives for a ...
    • Challenges of reintegrating returning refugees : a case study of returnee access to land and to basic services in Burundi 

      Maniraguha, Jean Pierre (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-03)
      In post-war societies, the challenges associated with reintegration of returnees may contribute to the re-ignition of violence and armed conflict. But, despite recognition of this fact, the factors which make refugee return and reintegration sustainable are generally underresearched. This thesis deals with the reintegration of Burundian returnees in the aftermath of ethnic-based violence and ...
    • China and European Union in Africa. Comparison of China and EU Development Cooperation in Africa 

      Tomic, Slobodan (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2017-05-15)
      This thesis presents development strategies of the European Union and China inside the African continent. The European long presence in the African continent was challenged by China, the new actor on the international scene. Western system guided by the OECD regulations and demands was confronted by China, the biggest developing country demanding ‘win-win’ cooperation policy based on mutual benefit ...