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"Strategic Firmness - Tactical Flexibility". Why did the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) decide to join the peace process?
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2007-06-18)
This paper looks into the reasons for the Nepali Maoists’ decision to join the peace process. Nepal, a country of 27 million inhabitants and squeezed in between India and China, was engulfed in a civil war between 1996 and 2006, that cost the lives of over 13000 people. In 2005 King Gyanendra assumed full power in a coup, and vowed to restore peace. The response was an alliance between the Maoists ...
The Polish LGBT movement : symbolic conflict and stigma
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-04-14)
This thesis examines the political activities of the LGBT movement in Poland as it seeks to increase its position on the socio-political landscape and ultimately rid itself of stigma. Using ethnographic data collection at a non-governmental organisation in Warsaw, it discusses the use of symbols and the accumulation of what Bourdieu called symbolic capital. It draws heavily on the theory of Harrison's ...
Challenges of reintegrating returning refugees : a case study of returnee access to land and to basic services in Burundi
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-03)
In post-war societies, the challenges associated with reintegration of returnees may contribute to the re-ignition of violence and armed conflict. But, despite recognition of this fact, the factors which make refugee return and reintegration sustainable are generally underresearched. This thesis deals with the reintegration of Burundian returnees in the aftermath of ethnic-based violence and ...
Women, war and empowerment : a case study of female ex-combatants in Colombia
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2010-05-31)
Women, war, empowerment, Colombia, ex-combatants
Bullying in school : a study of forms and motives of aggression in two secondary schools in the city of Palu, Indonesia
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2010-06-11)
This study 1) investigated the prevalence of bullying among students in two secondary schools in the city of Palu, Indonesia, 2) investigated which forms of aggression (proactive and/or reactive) were associated with bullying behavior, and 3) investigated which motive of aggression (power related and/or affiliation related) were associated with bullying behavior among the students. Self assessment ...
The position of Tibetan linguistic rights in China : Lhasa and Lanzhou research
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2010-05-31)
Language, as a very important medium in social activities, is always been paying a great attention by human beings. While “language is for most ethnic groups one of the most important cultural core values.” “Lack of linguistic rights often prevents a group from achieving educational, economic and political equality with other groups” (Skutnabb-Kangas & Philiopson 1995:7) Linguistic right has been ...
Scientific inquiry and the causes of civil war : the feasibility thesis and beyond
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-05-16)
This Master's Thesis uses Collier, Hoeffler, and Rohner's (2009) Feasibility Thesis as a field for a thorough inquiry into the question of how we can best study the causes of civil war. We advocate a pluralist research strategy, with set-theoretic (especially fuzzy-set) methods as a key component, as the most promising strategy for the study of the causes of civil war.
Securing peace in Haiti : an assessment of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH)
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-08)
This paper focuses on assessing the role of the United Nations Stabilization Mission (MINUSTAH) in providing stability, security and respect for human rights and the rule of law in Haiti. The proposition is that the efforts have been ineffective and goes on to ask the question whether such an outsider-initiative intervention really advances political order and stability. The study also attempts to ...
Social integration of Congolese refugees in a town in Southern Norway
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-07-02)
Social integration of refugees is a concept that connotes ideas of enjoying the opportunities, rights and services available to the citizens of the refugees’ new community. This thesis examines the problems and process of social integration of Congolese refugees in one of the southern towns of Norway. This research mainly aimed at finding out whether Congolese refugees are socially well-integrated; ...
Impact of the oil and gas industry on human security : relation between the national and the human : case study: the Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Russia
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-08-04)
The oil and gas industry plays significant role in the economy and politics of the Russian Federation. Economic development is treated as providing national security. Therefore the oil and gas industry makes an important national interest. Arguments concerning national security issues are crucial in decision-making process. However, the people living together with industrial activities may have ...