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'Peace now' in Israel in search of an alternative identity
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2005-05)
Using the perspective of the role of fear in security and identity-based conflicts, I was motivated to investigate in this thesis how peace actors strive to be actively involved in peacemaking in Israel. The main objective of this thesis is to gain insight in the activities of Peace Now in light of the second Intifadah 2000-2004, and disorientation of peace camp. If successful, the results of this ...
Scientific inquiry and the causes of civil war : the feasibility thesis and beyond
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-05-16)
This Master's Thesis uses Collier, Hoeffler, and Rohner's (2009) Feasibility Thesis as a field for a thorough inquiry into the question of how we can best study the causes of civil war. We advocate a pluralist research strategy, with set-theoretic (especially fuzzy-set) methods as a key component, as the most promising strategy for the study of the causes of civil war.
The effects of chieftaincy conflicts on local development : the case of the Bawku East municipality
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-08)
Since the end of the Second World War, conflicts between states that dominated the international scene for decades are gradually being replaced by intra-state conflicts. These new wars have occurred in the developing countries of Africa, Asia, Latin America and Eastern Europe. These intra-state wars take several forms; some of the common forms have included civil wars, revolutions, ethnic violence ...
Impact of the oil and gas industry on human security : relation between the national and the human : case study: the Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Russia
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-08-04)
The oil and gas industry plays significant role in the economy and politics of the Russian Federation. Economic development is treated as providing national security. Therefore the oil and gas industry makes an important national interest. Arguments concerning national security issues are crucial in decision-making process. However, the people living together with industrial activities may have ...
Weak states and violent conflicts : the case of Sierra Leone 1991-2002
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-06-17)
My first experience with violent conflict started when I first heard of a rebel attack in the neighbouring country of Liberia, 1989, where a group of armed men began an assault on the regime of the former dictator, Samuel K. Doe. To quote Reinhold Niebuhr: ‘All human sin seems so much worse in its consequences than in its intentions’, in other words, what started in Liberia as an isolated incident ...
Ethiopia and Eritrea : the quest for peace and normalizations
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-08)
The border war between Ethiopia and Eritrea was concluded in 2000 with the signing of the Algiers agreement. Under the Algiers agreement, the two parties established a border commission to delimit and demarcate the borderline In April 2002; the commission delivered its delimitation decision. However, 6 years after the commission’s decision was delivered, the conflict between the two countries is not ...
Risk-taking in unauthorised migration
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-06-09)
This thesis addresses the dynamics of high-risk unauthorised migration. First, it explores how new routes develop in relation to policies that seek to curtail unauthorised migration. Second, it analyses how aspiring migrants justify taking certain risks to migrate by negotiating risk information in relation to their life circumstances and considering the symbolic value of specific forms of migration. ...
The dynamics of communal conflicts in Ghana's local government system : a case study of the Adaklu-Anyigbe conflict
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-06)
The recent flaring up of conflicts along ethnic lines in various communities in the Ghanaian society is a source of worry among responsible politicians and citizens as it could threaten the relative peace and stability that the country seems to be enjoying. This study seeks to investigate the causes, processes of escalation and dynamics of recent emerging disputes over the creation of District ...
Exploring the livelihoods strategies of Liberian refugee women in Buduburam, Ghana
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-06-06)
The study had three main objectives: firstly, it examined the livelihoods strategies of Liberian women refugees in Ghana. Secondly, it examined the role(s) played by the UNHCR, internationals and local NGOs, state agencies and other Community Based Organizations in providing material assistance to Liberian women refugees in Ghana; and thirdly, it examined problems encountered by these refugee women ...
Social integration of Congolese refugees in a town in Southern Norway
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-07-02)
Social integration of refugees is a concept that connotes ideas of enjoying the opportunities, rights and services available to the citizens of the refugees’ new community. This thesis examines the problems and process of social integration of Congolese refugees in one of the southern towns of Norway. This research mainly aimed at finding out whether Congolese refugees are socially well-integrated; ...