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Just war theory revisited : the case for a new legal regime for humanitarian forceful intervention
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-10-25)
The current regime for humanitarian forceful intervention has posed enormous challenges to international law and international relations. This is partly because there is no express provision for the principle in the UN Charter. This status quo has seen a regrettable loss of life and genocidal crimes being committed against civilians. This gap in international law has no doubt given weight to the ...
CISV – peace education in a can? : Allport’s idea implemented in an educational context
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-11)
This thesis looks at CISV, a peace education organization that works with children and youth, teaching multi-cultural understanding by gathering children and youth at international camps, in order to demount inter-group stereotypes and prevent prejudice. The underlying idea behind CISV is simple. "You wouldn't go to war against your own friends". From a theoretical point of view, CISV is founded ...
Female combatants and ex-combatants in Maoist Revolution and their struggle for reintegration in post-war, Nepal
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-02-09)
This dissertation discusses the “roles of female combatants and ex-combatants in Maoist People’ War in Nepal” landing evidences about their experiences as a combatant in PLA life. The study documents and analyses their struggle for integration into their own family and society. The role of female combatants changed many times. Firstly, their traditional subordinate role got changed undergone ...
Learning conflict resolution at school : the Sabona approach
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-11)
This study concerns Sabona, a conflict resolution program at school, which is theoretically and practically developed by Johan Galtung with the help of a group of practitioners. Sabona is built theoretically and methodologically on the Transcend conflict transformation concept, and belongs to the Transcend network. Sabona is claimed to be a conflict hygiene program at school, and develops a set of ...
Implementation of restorative justice in Ukraine
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-04)
ABSTRACT The purpose of this research was to investigate the process of restorative justice implementation in Ukraine. The research provides an analysis of the current situation and evaluates the necessity of support of restorative justice practice by the State (i.e. by legislation, law enforcement and conventional justice systems). To achieve objectives of the study methods of qualitative ...
Power relations, networking and time orientation in Russian-Norwegian business relations : identifying and overcoming cultural challenges
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-06-21)
The present thesis is an exploratory research where I identify areas where challenges may arise in Russian-Norwegian business cooperation when Norwegians carrying out business in Russia. Based on interviews, three main issues emerged: boss-subordinate relations, networking and time orientation. The focus of the thesis is how to deal with these differences and how to deal with the challenges that ...
Causes of electoral violence : lessons from the May 2005 election of Ethiopia
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-05-15)
the may 2005 election was the first truly competitive multi-party election that ethiopia experienced in its recent political history
No work, no peace : livelihoods of ex-combatants in Monrovia, Liberia
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2011-10-19)
Conflicts undermine state security, cause massive loss of lives, destroy livelihoods and undermine the general well-being of civilian populations. DDR has thus become the foremost policy tool for securing state security and establishing the framework for reconstructing conflict-affected societies. Using Liberia as a case, the present study has explored the livelihoods of ex-combatants within the ...
Questioning and assuming identities in a process of transitional justice : the case of Argentina’s found grandchildren
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-05-31)
How do Argentina’s found grandchildren experience knowing the truth about their biological origins, and how does this influence their identity? Their identification, restitution and reconstruction of identity has been and will continue to be closely linked to Argentina’s transitional justice process. We need more knowledge about how victims of political violence experience transitional justice ...
Representations of Sino-African development cooperation : discourse theoretical approach to American and British broadsheet newspapers
(Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2012-07-30)
With the growing influence of the People’s Republic of China in Africa, the question arises: how do the advanced industrialised countries with established interests on the continent see the evolving Sino-African economic and foreign aid relations. This thesis aims at revealing the discourses present in American and British broadsheet newspapers on the topic and analysing the relationship between ...