Now showing items 21-40 of 488

    • Dissociative identity disorder and prepulse inhibition of the acoustic startle reflex 

      Holte, Arne; Dale, Karl Yngvar; Flaten, Magne Arve; Elden, Åke (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2008)
    • Drug abuse and change readiness in prisoners : effect of motivational interviewing as measured by SOCRATES 

      Dahl, Helene M. (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-05)
      The effect of Motivational Interviewing (MI) was evaluated in a sample of incarcerated substance abusers, using the Stages of Change Readiness and Treatment Eagerness Scale (SOCRATES). The design was a pre-post between-groups design. To explore the importance of feedback in MI-training participants (N = 98) were randomized to two conditions that differed in terms of feedback or no feedback to the ...
    • Good lives : exploring the dynamics of emotions and motivation in outdoor recreation 

      Søholt, Yngvil (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-05)
      The purpose of this study was threefold: First, to analyze some core concepts of human well-being. As part of this issue, the study deals with the distinction between life satisfaction and personal growth. Also related to this first issue, the study investigates the difference between the emotion of pleasure and the emotion of interest. Second, to investigate changes in health, life satisfaction and ...
    • Amygdala's "unfelt" emotions? 

      Profeti, Italo (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-05)
      Participants saw “hybrid” pictures of faces composed by superimposing neutral expression in high spatial frequencies (HSF, 7-128 cycles/image) over different emotional expressions in low spatial frequencies (LSF, 1-6 cycles). While explicitly judging them as neutral, participants rated the hybrids as friendly when the emotion showed in the low frequencies was positive, and as unfriendly when the ...
    • Sense of coherence as a mediator of stress among high school students in Tromsø, Norway. 

      Mellem, Lise Sand (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-05-07)
      School adaptation seems to have an impact on social, psychological, and behavioural outcomes. Empirical evidence on the stress moderating role of the sense of coherence (SOC), which implies to which degree one find life meaningful, comprehensible and manageable, may offer a scope for development of prevention policies. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship and interactions between ...
    • Maternal well-being, mother-child interaction and child psychosocial outcome in the context of HIV/AIDS : a literature review with a keen eye on sub-Saharan Africa 

      Moyo, Kathrine Rasch (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2008-11-01)
      The paper reviews the psychosocial literature regarding the impact of maternal HIV on mothers and their uninfected children. Drawing on the ecological theory of Urie Bronfenbrenner, the review proposes a framework that both demonstrates the link between maternal HIV and child psychosocial outcome, and examines the pathways that account for this relationship. Maternal HIV has been found to potentially ...
    • The prestige of somatic and mental disporders : A suvey among health professionals and a representative general population sample 

      Pettersen, Gunn; Rosenvinge, Jan H; Olstad, Reidun E. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2009)
      Objective: The purpose of the paper is to study the ranking of disorders according to their perceived importance. Previous studies suggest that rankings according to the perceived or attributed “value” or importance create informal hierarchies of disorders on normative attitudes about symptoms, treatment and outcome. In this work we studied disorder ranking in the general population and among health ...
    • Health service use in indigenous Sami and non-indigenous youth in North Norway : A population based survey 

      Turi, Anne Lene; Bals, Margrethe; Skre, Ingunn; Kvernmo, Siv (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2009)
    • Is ignorance bliss? : young men's lack of knowledge and concern for their health 

      Lind, Marius (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2009-02-01)
      Testicular cancer is an increasing health concern in Norway. It afflicts young men who often think they are impervious to serious illness, causing them to delay help-seeking. This is a major concern for the health care system, as the prognosis takes a steep fall if the cancer has had time to metastasise. The present study assessed the knowledge and awareness level of testicular cancer and testicular ...
    • Hot flashes and depression among menopausal women : is acupuncture an effective intervention? 

      Dørmænen, Annbjørg; Heimdal, Marte Rye (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2009-05)
      The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of individualized acupuncture and self-care versus self-care only on hot flashes, health related quality of life (HR-QoL) and depression in postmenopausal women, experiencing a high frequency of hot flashes. The study also aimed to shed light on the question about an association between menopause and depression. It was conducted on a subsample ...
    • Sex og kjærlighetsrelaterte aktiviteter på internett : forskjeller mellom skeive og streite brukere. 

      Loe, Martin Sedolfsen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2009-05-04)
      I den foreliggende spørreundersøkelsen har et utvalg nordmenns bruk av sex og kjærlighetsrelaterte internettaktiviteter blitt sammenlignet med utgangspunkt i deres seksuelle orientering. Det framkom at skeive personer benytter seg i større grad av slike aktiviteter enn streite. Resultatene repliserte flere av funnene fra en tidligere undersøkelse av Daneback, Ross, og Månnson (2008). En multippel ...
    • Individual differences in spatial abilities : evidence for different strategies in an indoor navigation task 

      Melsom, Anne-Karine Markeng (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2009-05-04)
      Spatial abilities determine our approach to a variety of everyday tasks. Previous research has mainly compared the spatial performance of different groups of participants, regardless of the underlying processes. The aim of this study was to explain individual differences by means of the different strategies employed in spatial problem solving. The performance of university students (n=256) was ...
    • Social adjustment and friendship patterns of international students : a study of Norwegian students studying abroad 

      Iversen, Gunn Irene (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2009-05-04)
      The purpose of this study was to explore the role of friendships in the social adjustment of international students, in particular to explore the role of preference for co-nationals/co-culturals as opposed to a preference for befriending people belonging to other cultural groups. Information was gathered by a psychometric, self-report survey questionnaire. A modified version of the Sociocultural ...
    • The effect of formal education on implicit social evaluation of immigrants 

      Sømhovd, Mikael Julius (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2009-05-04)
      En negativ korrelasjon mellom nivå av formell utdannelse og fordomsfulle holdninger til innvandrere med annen etnisk opprinnelse, en utdanningseffekt, har blitt vist i en rekke rapporter. Hypotesen om at en slik korelasjon er resultat av sosial ønskelige responser og demand characteristics har tidligere blitt testet ved hjelp av forskjellige metoder for å omgå sosial ønskelighet. Denne tesen er ...
    • More than just vacation : exploring the relevance of interest, interests, and enjoyment for tourist experiences 

      Thorsteinsen, Kjærsti (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2009-05-04)
      This study sought to explore the relationship between interest, interests, and enjoyment in a tourist experience in order to learn more about how interest for something in a destination can be triggered and developed. A total of 100 tourists (57.3% women) who visited Tromsø between November 2008 and March 2009 participated in a questionnaire study. The questionnaire was three-folded with measures ...
    • Primingseffekten fra helsepåstand relatert til individuelle forskjeller i personlighet 

      Rydning, Ingrid (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2009-05-04)
      Hensikten med studien var å se om studenter lar seg påvirke i liten eller stor grad av helseartikler. Det skrives mange artikler om helse og kosthold og ikke alle artiklene er like seriøse. Dette ble gjenspeilet i eksperimentet ved at artiklene i eksperimentet kun omtalte fabrikkerte forskningsfunn. Det viste seg at det var en primingseffekt av artikkelen, men ikke slik som forventet. For aroniagruppen ...
    • Cognitive function in mild to moderately depressed and previously depressed individuals 

      Myrbakk, Ingvild Nordnes; Høifødt, Ragnhild Sørensen (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2009-05-04)
      The present study explored differences between groups of Never Depressed (ND, n = 50), Previously Depressed (PD, n = 81) and Clinically Depressed (CD, n = 38) individuals with mild to moderate depression severity on tests of executive functions, working memory, memory, attention, and psychomotor speed and information processing. The most striking finding was the absence of significant differences ...
    • Feeling the extreme : an exploratory study of experienced emotions during extreme sport 

      Hetland, Audun (Master thesis; Mastergradsoppgave, 2009-11-17)
      In the current study 13 BASE-jumpers and 18 skydivers reported their emotions immediately after a jump and after a 24 hours delay, using verbal (Likert-like scales) and visual (Feelometer) emotional report. Heart rate measures were also collected during, and 24 hours after the jump. The Feelometer is a newly developed tool enabling the participants to give a moment-to-moment report from a particular ...
    • Co-occurrence of avoidant personality disorder and child sexual abuse predicts poor outcome in longstanding eating disorders 

      Rosenvinge, Jan H.; Vrabel, KariAnne R.; Hoffart, Asle; Rø, Øyvind; Martinsen, Egil W. (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2009-12-16)
      Few consistent predictive factors for eating disorder have been identified across studies. In the current five year prospective study, the objective was to examine whether (1) personality disorder and child sexual abuse predict the course of severity of eating disorder symptoms after inpatient treatment and (2) how the predictors interact. A total of 74 patients with long standing eating disorder ...
    • Using social norms to reduce men’s rape proclivity : Perceived rape myth acceptance of out-groups may be more influential than that of in-groups 

      Bohner, Gerd; Siebler, Frank; Pina, Afroditi; Viki, G. Tendayi (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2010)