Now showing items 1-3 of 3
On the measurement of procrastination: Comparing two scales in six European countries
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-08-31)
Procrastination is a common problem, but defining and measuring it has been subject to some debate. This paper summarizes results from students and employees (N = 2893) in Finland, Germany, Italy, Norway, Poland, and Sweden using the Pure Procrastination Scale (PPS) and the Irrational Procrastination Scale (IPS; Steel, 2010), both assumed to measure unidimensional and closely related constructs. ...
A two-stage cognitive theory of the positive symptoms of psychosis. Highlighting the role of lowered decision thresholds
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016)
<b>Objectives:</b> We outline a two-stage heuristic account for the pathogenesis of the positive symptoms of psychosis. <b>Methods:</b> A narrative review on the empirical evidence of the liberal acceptance (LA) account of positive symptoms is presented. <b>Hypothesis:</b> At the heart of our theory is the idea that psychosis is characterized by a lowered decision threshold, which results in ...
A Bayesian perspective on delusions: Suggestions for modifying two reasoning tasks
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2016-08)
Background and objectives:<br>There are a range of mechanistic explanations on the formation and maintenance of delusions. Within the Bayesian brain hypothesis, particularly within the framework of predictive coding models, delusions are seen as an aberrant inference process characterized by either a failure in sensory attenuation or an aberrant weighting of prior experience. Testing of these ...