Now showing items 1-10 of 36
Deliberate reasoning is not affected by language
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-31)
<p><i>Background</i>: Millions of people use a second language every day. Does this have an effect on their decision-making? Are decisions in a second language more deliberate? Two mechanisms have been proposed: reduced emotionality or increased deliberation. Most studies so far used problems where both mechanisms could contribute to a foreign language effect. Here, we aimed to identify whether ...
Procrastination and personal finances: Exploring the roles of planning and financial self-efficacy
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-05)
Procrastination is related to unhealthy personal financial behaviors, such as postponing retirement savings, last minute shopping, and not paying bills on time. The present paper explores factors that could explain why procrastinators demonstrate more financial problems compared to non-procrastinators. Study 1 (N = 675) focused on planning, as both procrastination and poor financial habits are ...
Perinatal fluoxetine exposure changes social and stress-coping behavior in adult rats housed in a seminatural environment
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-06)
The use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) during pregnancy has increased tremendously, but the consequences for the offspring remain largely unclear. Several studies have described potential effects of perinatal SSRI-exposure on neurobehavioral outcomes using simplified rodent test set-ups, however these set-ups only assess a small fraction of the behavior. For translational purposes ...
Commentary: Transcranial stimulation of the frontal lobes increases propensity of mind-wandering without changing meta-awareness
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-02-05)
A Commentary on <p> <p>Transcranial stimulation of the frontal lobes increases propensity of mind-wandering without changing meta-awareness<p> <p>by Axelrod, V., Zhu, X., & Qui, J. (2018). <i>Scientific Reports</i>, 8:15975. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-34098-z
Demographically adjusted CERAD wordlist test norms in a Norwegian sample from 40 to 80 years
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-03-08)
<i>Background/Objective</i>: In recent years, several slightly younger cohorts have been established in order to study the preclinical and prodromal phases of dementia. The Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer’s Disease (CERAD) wordlist memory test (WLT) is widely used in dementia research. However, culturally adapted and demographically adjusted test norms for younger ages are ...
Attitudes of mental health providers towards adoption of evidence-based interventions: relationship to work-place, staff roles and social and psychological factors at work
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-01-08)
<p><i>Background - </i>Gaining insight into factors influencing the adoption of evidence-based interventions (EBI) is essential to ensuring their sustainability in the mental healthcare setting. This article describes 1) differences between professional staff roles in attitudes towards EBI and 2) individual and organizational predictors of attitudes towards adopting EBI. <p><i>Methods - </i>The ...
Modeling distracted performance
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-05-23)
The sustained attention to response task (SART) has been the primary method of studying the phenomenon of mind wandering. We develop and experimentally test the first integrated cognitive process model that quantitatively explains all stationary features of behavioral performance in the SART. The model assumes that performance is generated by a competitive race between a stimulus-related decision ...
Playing a video game is more than mere procrastination
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-06-13)
<i>Background</i>: Procrastination is seen as a severe problem among young people, and many factors have been claimed to be associated with it, playing video games being one of them. One of the reasons why video games might be related to procrastination is their ability to offer instant gratification and feedback, while at the same time offer distractions from less tempting and rewarding tasks. ...
Neural cell adhesion molecule Negr1 deficiency in mouse results in structural brain endophenotypes and behavioral deviations related to psychiatric disorders
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-01)
Neuronal growth regulator 1 (NEGR1) belongs to the immunoglobulin (IgLON) superfamily of cell adhesion molecules involved in cortical layering. Recent functional and genomic studies implicate the role of NEGR1 in a wide spectrum of psychiatric disorders, such as major depression, schizophrenia and autism. Here, we investigated the impact of <i>Negr1</i> deficiency on brain morphology, neuronal ...
Change in physical activity is not associated with change in mental distress among adolescents: The Tromsø Study: Fit Futures
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-07-09)
<i>Background</i>: Previous research shows that physical activity has a protective effect on mental distress in adults, but the relationship is less researched and seems more ambiguous for adolescents. Studies in this field have typically been cross-sectional by design and based on self-reported physical activity measures, which are known to be vulnerable to response bias. The aim of this study ...