Now showing items 11-20 of 25
Skiing and thinking about it: Moment-to-moment and retrospective analysis of emotions in an extreme sport
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-06-20)
Happiness is typically reported as an important reason for participating in challenging activities like extreme sport. While in the middle of the activity, however, participants do not seem particularly happy. So where does the happiness come from? The article proposes some answers from a study of facially expressed emotions measured moment-by-moment during a backcountry skiing event. Self-reported ...
Commentary: Transcranial stimulation of the frontal lobes increases propensity of mind-wandering without changing meta-awareness
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-02-05)
A Commentary on <p> <p>Transcranial stimulation of the frontal lobes increases propensity of mind-wandering without changing meta-awareness<p> <p>by Axelrod, V., Zhu, X., & Qui, J. (2018). <i>Scientific Reports</i>, 8:15975. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-34098-z
Modeling distracted performance
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-05-23)
The sustained attention to response task (SART) has been the primary method of studying the phenomenon of mind wandering. We develop and experimentally test the first integrated cognitive process model that quantitatively explains all stationary features of behavioral performance in the SART. The model assumes that performance is generated by a competitive race between a stimulus-related decision ...
The thrill of speedy descents: A pilot study on differences in facially expressed online emotions and retrospective measures of emotions during a downhill mountain-bike descent
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-04-02)
When extreme sport athletes explain the engagement behind their taxing and risky endeavors, they often refer to the happiness generated by the activities. However, during the activity, these athletes seem neither pleased nor happy. This article proposes some answers from a study of facially expressed emotions measured moment by moment during downhill mountain biking. Self-reported emotions were ...
Blinding is compromised for transcranial direct current stimulation at 1 mA for 20 min in young healthy adults
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-03-19)
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non‐invasive brain stimulation method that is frequently used to study cortical excitability changes and their impact on cognitive functions in humans. While most stimulators are capable of operating in double‐blind mode, the amount of discomfort experienced during tDCS may break blinding. Therefore, specifically designed sham stimulation protocols ...
Intermittent Absence of Control during Reinforcement Learning Interferes with Pavlovian Bias in Action Selection
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-03-02)
The ability to control the occurrence of rewarding and punishing events is crucial for our well-being. Two ways to optimize performance are to follow heuristics like Pavlovian biases to approach reward and avoid loss or to rely more on slowly accumulated stimulus–action associations. Although reduced control over outcomes has been linked to suboptimal decision-making in clinical conditions associated ...
pypillometry: A Python package for pupillometric analyses
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-07-02)
The size of the human pupil is controlled by pairs of constrictor and dilator muscles that allow its opening (dilation) and closing (constriction) in response to varying lighting conditions (Mathôt, 2018). Importantly, it has long been known that the pupil also reacts to psychological important stimuli (Hess & Polt, 1960) and has been a firmly established tool for studying “mental effort” in the ...
Theta-gamma cross-frequency transcranial alternating current stimulation over the trough impairs cognitive control
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-07-15)
Cognitive control is a mental process, which underlies adaptive goal-directed decisions. Previous studies have linked cognitive control to electrophysiological fluctuations in the theta band and theta-gamma cross-frequency coupling (CFC) arising from the cingulate and frontal cortices. Yet, to date the behavioral consequences of different forms of theta-gamma CFC remain elusive. Here, we studied the ...
Weak rTMS-induced electric fields produce neural entrainment in humans
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2020-07-20)
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a potent tool for modulating endogenous oscillations in humans. The current standard method for rTMS defines the stimulation intensity based on the evoked liminal response in the visual or motor system (e.g., resting motor threshold). The key limitation of the current approach is that the magnitude of the resulting electric field remains elusive. ...
Increasing propensity to mind‐wander by transcranial direct current stimulation? A registered report
(Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Preprint; Manuskript, 2019-01-24)
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been proposed to be able to modulate different cognitive functions. However, recent meta‐analyses conclude that its efficacy is still in question. Recently, an increase in subjects’ propensity to mind‐wander has been reported as a consequence of anodal stimulation of the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (Axelrod et al., Proceedings of the National ...