Now showing items 22-41 of 393

    • The behavior of electron density and temperature during ionospheric heating near the fifth electron gyrofrequency 

      Wu, Jun; Wu, Jian; Rietveld, Michael T.; Häggström, I.; Zhao, Haisheng; Xu, Zhengwen (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-01-27)
      The experimental phenomena involving the changes in electron temperature and electron density as a function of pump frequency during an ionospheric heating campaign at European Incoherent Scatter near Tromsø, Norway, are reported. When the pump frequency is slightly above the fifth electron gyrofrequency, the UHF radar observation shows some apparent enhancements over a wide altitude range in radar ...
    • Bistatic Observations of the Ocean Surface with HF Radar, Satellite and Airborne Receivers 

      Bernhardt, Paul A.; Siefring, Carl; Briczinski, Stanley; Vierinen, Juha; Miller, Ethan; Howarth, Andrew; James, H. Gordon; Blincoe, Eugene (Peer reviewed; Book; Bok; Bokkapittel; Chapter, 2017-12-25)
      A new concept has been developed which can view vast regions of the Earth's surface. Ground HF transmissions are reflected by the ionosphere to illuminate the ocean over a few thousand kilometers. HF receivers detect the radio waves scattered by the sea and land surface. Using the theory of radio wave scatter from ocean surfaces, the HF data is then processed to yield the directional wave-height ...
    • Bistatic Observations of the Ocean Surface with HF Radar, Satellite and Airborne Receivers 

      Bernhardt, Paul A.; Siefring, Carl L.; Briczinski, Stanley C.; Vierinen, Juha; Miller, Ethan; Howarth, Andrew; James, H. Gordon; Blincoe, Eugene (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-12-25)
      A new concept has been developed which can view vast regions of the Earth’s surface. Ground HF transmissions are reflected by the ionosphere to illuminate the ocean over a few thousand kilometers. HF receivers detect the radio waves scattered by the sea and land surface. Using the theory of radio wave scatter from ocean surfaces, the HF data is then processed to yield the directional wave-height ...
    • Blob sizes and velocities in the Alcator C-Mod scrape-off layer 

      Kube, Ralph; Garcia, Odd Erik; LaBombard, Brian; Terry, J.L; Zweben, Stewart (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Gas-puff imaging data is used to investigate the dynamics of blob-like structures in the scrape-off layer of Alcator C-Mod. A blob-tracking algorithm is developed and used to compute blob propagation velocities and cross-field sizes for a series of discharges where the line-averaged particle density View the MathML source is varied. We find that the mean radial blob velocity increases from View the ...
    • Blob Sizes and Velocities in the Alcator C-Mod Scrape-Off Layer 

      Kube, Ralph; Garcia, Odd Erik; LaBombard, Brian; Madsen, Jens; Terry, James L.; Zweben, Stewart (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2012)
      A new blob-tracking algorithm for the GPI diagnostic installed in the outboard-midplane of Alcator C-Mod is developed. I t tracks large-amplitude fluctuations propagating through the scrape-off layer and calculates blob sizes and velocities. We compare the results of this method to a blob velocity scaling from a simple blob-model for sheath-connected blobs. We further present initial results from a ...
    • Burst statistics of fluctuations in a simple magnetized torus configuration 

      Rypdal, Kristoffer; Živkovic, Tatjana; Østvand, Lene (Working paper; Arbeidsnotat, 2009-04-19)
      In a toroidal plasma confined by a purely toroidal magnetic field the plasma transport is governed by electrostatic turbulence driven by the flute interchange instability on the low-field side of the torus cross section. In this paper we revisit experimental data obtained from the Blaamann torus at the University of Tromso. On time-scales shorter than the poloidal rotation time, the time series of ...
    • Can we extend local sea-ice measurements to satellite scale? An example from the N-ICE2015 expedition 

      Rösel, Anja; King, Jennifer; Doulgeris, Anthony P.; Wagner, Penelope M.; Johansson, Malin; Gerland, Sebastian (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-12-17)
      Knowledge of Arctic sea-ice conditions is of great interest for Arctic residents, as well as for commercial usage, and to study the effects of climate change. Information gained from analysis of satellite data contributes to this understanding. In the course of using in situ data in combination with remotely sensed data, the question of how representative local scale measurements are of a wider ...
    • Capillary suction model as pipes of different sizes: flow conditions and comparison with experiments 

      Nguyen, Hung Thanh; Jacobsen, Stefan; Melandsø, Frank (Conference object; Konferansebidrag, 2012)
      ABSTRACT Absorption of water in concrete is often described by the simple linear water uptake vs. square-root-of-time law. However, a deviation from this behaviour is frequently seen depending on factors such as initial water content, water/binder ratio and specimen thickness. The deviation increases with thickness (typically from 25 to 100 mm) and is seen even for very dry specimens with ...
    • Carbon Nanotube Spectrally Selective Solar Absorbers 

      Chen, Zhonghua; Nguyen, Quang Hong; Boström, Tobias (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      The use of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) as spectrally selective solar thermal absorbers (SSA) in solar thermal collectors is presented in this paper. CNT layers were coated by electrophoretic deposition (EPD) on aluminum substrates. Stable aqueous CNT suspensions consisted of multi-walled CNTs, DI water and surfactant was used for EPD. The deposited samples were heat treated in a tube ...
    • A case study on generation mechanisms of a sporadic sodium layer above Tromsø (69.6° N) during a night of high auroral activity 

      Takahashi, Toru; Nozawa, Satonaori; Tsuda, Takuo T.; Ogawa, Yasunobu; Saito, Norihito; Hidemori, Takehiro; Kawahara, Takuya D.; Hall, Chris; Fujiwara, Hitoshi; Matuura, Nobuo; Brekke, Asgeir; Tsutsumi, Masaki; Wada, Satoshi; Kawabata, Tetsuya; Oyama, Shinichiro; Fujii, Ryoichi (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-08-05)
      We have quantitatively evaluated generation mechanisms of a sporadic sodium layer (SSL) based on observational data obtained by multiple instruments at a high-latitude station: Ramfjordmoen, Tromsø, Norway (69.6° N, 19.2° E). The sodium lidar observed an SSL at 21:18 UT on 22 January 2012. The SSL was observed for 18 min, with a maximum sodium density of about 1.9 × 1010 m−3 at 93 km with a 1.1 km ...
    • CFD-DEM and Experimental Study of Bubbling in a Fluidized Bed 

      Khawaja, Hassan Abbas (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-12)
      In this study, phenomenon of bubbling is investigated using CFD-DEM and experiments. A CFD-DEM simulation is setup to model the fluidized beds of different sizes. Geldart D particles of 1.2 mm diameter and 1000 Kg/m3 density are modelled. Study revealed different types of fluidization regimes as stated in the literature. An experimental setup is built to obtain the results for the comparison. ...
    • Challenges and Strategic Research Plans for Earth and Heliosphere: Research Infrastructures, Projects and Initiatives 

      Mann, Ingrid; Kauristie, Kirsti; Bamford, Ruth; McCrea, Ian; Moen, Jøran Idar; Oksavik, Kjellmar; Yamauchi, Masanori; Johnsen, Magnar Gullikstad; Turunen, Esa (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2018-07-24)
      We describe existing research infrastructures relevant for space weather and open issues of space weather research including the need for sustainable observation networks and for high-quality data products as basis for model development. The local relevance in Europe for studies of the ionosphere at high latitude is described. We propose as possible a way forward to sustain space weather research ...
    • A change detector for polarimetric SAR data based on the relaxed Wishart distribution 

      Akbari, Vahid; Anfinsen, Stian Normann; Doulgeris, Anthony Paul; Eltoft, Torbjørn (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-11-12)
      In this paper, we present an unsupervised change detection method for polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (PolSAR) images based on the relaxed Wishart distribution. Most polarimetric change detectors assume the Gaussian-based complex Wishart model for multilook covariance matrices, which is only satisfied for homogeneous areas with fully developed speckle and no texture. Liu et al. recently proposed ...
    • Characterization and discrimination of evolving mineral and plant oil slicks based on L-band synthetic aperture radar (SAR) 

      Jones, Cathleen; Espeseth, Martine Mostervik; Holt, Benjamin; Brekke, Camilla; Skrunes, Stine (Peer reviewed, 2016-10-18)
      Evolution of the damping ratio for Bragg wavenumbers in the range 32-43 rad/m is evaluated for oil slicks of different composition released in the open ocean and allowed to develop naturally. The study uses quad-polarimetric L-band airborne synthetic aperture radar data acquired over three mineral oil emulsion releases of different, known oil-to-water ratio, and a near-coincident release of 2-ethylhexyl ...
    • Characterization of a waveguide Mach-Zehnder interferometer using PDMS as a cover layer 

      Lindecrantz, Susan Mariah; Tinguely, Jean-Claude; Ahluwalia, Balpreet Singh; Hellesø, Olav Gaute (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      A Mach-Zehnder interferometer made with shallow rib waveguides is studied experimentally and using simulations. The rib-height giving single-mode guidance is found as function of core thickness and polarization. Devices have been made using shallow rib waveguides (5 nm rib height) in silicon nitride. The sensitivity and the limit of detection (LOD) is studied experimentally regarding the length of ...
    • Characterization of color cross-talk of CCD detectors and its influence in multispectral quantitative phase imaging 

      Ahmad, Azeem; Kumar, Anand; Dubey, Vishesh Kumar; Butola, Ankit; Ahluwalia, Balpreet Singh; Mehta, Dalip Singh (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2019-02-08)
      Multi-spectral quantitative phase imaging (QPI) is an emerging imaging modality for wavelength dependent studies of several biological and industrial specimens. Simultaneous multi-spectral QPI is generally performed with color CCD cameras. Here, we present a new approach for accurately measuring the color crosstalk of 2D area detectors, without needing prior information about camera specifications. ...
    • Chip Based Nanoscopy: Towards Integration and High-throughput Imaging 

      Ahluwalia, Balpreet Singh; Coucheron, David Andre; Helle, Øystein Ivar; Øie, Cristina Ionica; Dullo, Firehun Tsige (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Super-resolution optical microscopy, commonly referred to as optical nanoscopy, has enabled imaging of biological samples with a resolution that was only achievable previously using electron microscopy. Optical nanoscopy is a rapidly growing field, with several different techniques and implementations that overcome the diffraction limit of light. However, the common nanoscope continues to be a rather ...
    • Chip-based optical microscopy for imaging membrane sieve plates of liver scavenger cells 

      Helle, Øystein Ivar; Øie, Cristina Ionica; McCourt, Peter Anthony; Ahluwalia, Balpreet Singh (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2015-08-26)
      The evanescent field on top of optical waveguides is used to image membrane network and sieve-plates of liver endothelial cells. In waveguide excitation, the evanescent field is dominant only near the surface (~100-150 nm) providing a default optical sectioning by illuminating fluorophores in close proximity to the surface and thus benefiting higher signal-to-noise ratio. The sieve plates of liver ...
    • Chip-based wide field-of-view nanoscopy 

      Ahluwalia, Balpreet Singh; Helle, Øystein Ivar; Diekmann, Robin; Øie, Cristina Ionica; McCourt, Peter A. G.; Schuttpelz, Mark (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-04-24)
      Present optical nanoscopy techniques use a complex microscope for imaging and a simple glass slide to hold the sample. Here, we demonstrate the inverse: the use of a complex, but mass-producible optical chip, which hosts the sample and provides a waveguide for the illumination source, and a standard low-cost microscope to acquire super-resolved images via two different approaches. Waveguides composed ...
    • Chirp coded ultrasonic pulses used for scanning acoustic microscopy 

      Habib, Anowarul; Melandsø, Frank (Journal article; Tidsskriftartikkel; Peer reviewed, 2017-11-02)
      In the present study, chirp coded pulses are investigated with respect to high frequency imaging. These pulses were used drive broadband polymer transducers assembled from an adhesive-free layer-be-layer deposition method. The image quality obtained from using a long chirp coded pulse was compared with images generated from shorter pulses. This includes the Ricker wavelet and the square pulse most ...